List of “Bharat Ratna”-Award Recipients From 1954 Till 2019

The “Bharat Ratna” Award is the highest Civilian Award in India. This award was established on 2nd January 1954 by the President of India Babu Rajendra Prasad. This award was introduced along with the following three Padma Awards, “Padma Vibhusan”, “Padma Bhushan”, “Padma Shri”.

Posthumous Awards: Initially, there was no such provision to award it posthumously; however, in 1966 this provision was added.

The award was in recognition of extraordinary performance in the field of literature, science, public services and arts only. This award belongs to all people of India without any discrimination of sex, race, and age.

Maximum three nominees may be awarded per year and the recommendations for the same are specially made by PM to the president. A certificate is signed by the president and a medal in the shape of a peepal-leaf are the only two things given to the recipients; no money is granted with the award.

List of “Bharat Ratna” Award Recipients from the Year 1954 Till Date:

 In 1954, there were three winners.

Sir Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan (1888-1975)

Dr. S. Radhakrishnan was a philosopher from Tamil Nadu. He had been the First Vice President of India and the Second President of India. His birthday 5th September is commemorated as “Teachers Day”.

Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (1878-1972)

Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari is also known as “Rajaji”. He was an Indian freedom fighter from Tamil Nadu. Rajaji was the last Governor-General of British India.

Sir C.V. Raman (1888-1970)

He was a physicist from Tamil Nadu.

In 1955, there were three winners.

Bhagawan Das (1869-1958)

He was a man of Literature and an Indian Freedom fighter belonging to Uttar Pradesh.

Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya 1861-1962)

He was a Diwan of the Princely State of Mysore-Karnataka. He was an Indian Civil Engineer and Dam Architect.

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964)

The First Prime Minister of India and an Indian Freedom Fighter and Writer belonging to Uttar Pradesh

In 1956, nobody won the Bharat Ratna Award.

In 1957, there was only one winner. 

Govind Ballabh Pant (1887-1961)

An Indian Freedom Fighter and Home Minister of Indian Union belonging to Uttar Pradesh, now Uttara Khand.

In 1958, there was only one winner.

Dhondo Keshav Karve (1858-1962)

He was an Educationist and a Social Reformer belonging to Maharashtra- Awarded Bharat Ratna in his birth centenary year 1958.

In 1959 and 1960, nobody won the Bharat Ratna Award.

In 1961, there were two winners.

B.C. Roy (1882-1962)

A Physician, Politician and Former Chief Minister of West Bengal belonging to West Bengal.

Purushottam Das Tandon (1882-1962)

An Indian Freedom Fighter and an Educationist belonging to Uttar Pradesh.

In 1962, there were three winners.

Babu Rajendra Prasad (1884-1963)

He was the First President of India, a freedom fighter and a Jurist belonging to Bihar.

Zakir Hussain (1897-1969)

He was a former president of India and a scholar belongs from Andhra Pradesh

Pandurang Vaman Kane (1880-1972)

Ideologist and Sanskrit scholar belonging to Maharashtra

In 1964 and 1965, there were no winners of this award.

In 1966, there was only one winner.

Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904-1966)

He was the second Prime Minister of India. He belongs from Uttar Pradesh and awarded Posthumously.

From 1967 to 1970, there were no winners.

In 1971, there was only one winner.

Indira Gandhi (1917-1984)

She was a former and the first and the only lady Prime Minister of India. She is a Daughter of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, belongs from Uttar Pradesh.

From 1972 to 1974, there were no winners.

In 1975, there was only one winner.

V.V. Giri (1894-1980)

He was Former President and Trade Unionist originally belonging to Orissa/Odisha. He was born in Orissa and later settled in Tamil Nadu after the age of 21.

In 1976, there was only one winner.

K. Kamaraj (1903-1975)

A Freedom Fighter and Former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. He belongs to Tamil Nadu and awarded Posthumously.

From 1977 to 1979, there were no winners. The Bharat Ratna Award had been kept suspended by the Government of India, From 13th July 1977 to 26th January 1980.

In 1980, there was only one winner.

Mother Teresa (1910-1997)

She was a Nobel Laureate, a foreigner belonging to the Republic of Macedonia- dedicated to the sick people of India especially for those who were affected by Leprosy.

In 1981 and 1982, there was no winner.

In 1983, there was only one winner.

Acharya Vinoba Bhave (1895-1982)

A Social Reformer and a Freedom Fighter belonging to Maharashtra and Awarded Posthumously.

From 1984 to 1986, there was no winner.

In 1987, there was only one winner.

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan “Frontier Gandhi”, (1890-1988)

The first non-citizen awarded Bharat Ratna, a freedom fighter who belongs to Pakistan.

In 1988, there was only one winner.

M.G. Ramachandran/MGR (1917-1987)

He was a former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. A Popular Cinema Actor belongs to Tamil Nadu, awarded Posthumously.

In 1989, there was no winner.

In 1990, there were two winners.

B.R. Ambedkar (1891-1956)

An architect who played a key role in the formation of the Indian Constitution, a Social Reformer, Economist, and scholar. He belongs to Maharashtra and awarded Posthumously.

Nelson Mandela (1918-2013)

He is the second non-citizen and the first non-Indian awarded Bharat Ratna. A leader of the Anti-Apartheid movement belongs to South Africa.

In 1991, there were three winners.

Rajiv Gandhi (1944-1991)

He was the former Prime Minister of India and he was the son of Mrs. Indira Gandhi, Grandson of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. He belongs to New Delhi, awarded Posthumously.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (1875-1950)

He was an Indian Freedom Fighter and the First Home Minister of India. He belongs to Gujarat, awarded Posthumously.

Morarji Desai (1896-1995)

He was the former Prime Minister of India and Indian freedom fighters. He belongs to Gujarat. He was the first-ever Non-Congress Prime Minister of India.

In 1992, there were three winners.

Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad (1888-1958)

He was a freedom fighter and the first Education Minister of India. he belongs to West Bengal, awarded posthumously.

J.R. D. Tata (1904-1993)

He was an Industrialist and a Philanthropist belonging to Maharashtra.

Satyajit Ray (1922-1992)

He was a popular Bengali-Film Director and an Oscar Award, Winner.

From 1993 to 1996, there was no winner.

In 1997, there were three winners.

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (1931-2015)

He was a former President of India- Atomic Scientist, belongs to Tamil Nadu.

Gulzarilal Nanda (1898-1998)

An Indian Freedom Fighter and a former Prime Minister of India. Belongs to Punjab.

Aruna Ali (1908-1996)

An Indian Freedom Fighter belongs to West Bengal. Awarded posthumously.

In 1998, there were two winners.

M.S. Subbulakshmi (1916-2004)

She were a Carnatic Music vocalist, belongs to Tamil Nadu.

Chidambaram/ C.S. (1910-2000)

An Indian Freedom fighter and former Indian Union Minister of Agriculture. Belongs to Tamil Nadu.

Jayaprakash Narayan (1902-1979)

He was the Freedom Fighter and a Social Reformer. He belongs to Bihar, awarded Posthumously.

In 1999, there were three winners.

Pandit Ravi Shankar (1920-2012)

He was a Classical Sitarist, belongs to Uttar Pradesh.

Amartya Sen (born in 1933)

He is an Indian Economist and a Nobel Laureate (for Economics, 1998). Belongs to West Bengal.

Gopinath Bordoloi (1890-1950)

He was an Indian Freedom Fighter who belongs to Assam. Awarded Posthumously.

In 2000, there was no winner.

In 2001, there were two winners.

Lata Mangeshkar (born in 1929)

She is a Hindi-cinema-play back singer, belongs to Maharashtra.

Ustad Bismillah Khan (1916-2006)

He was a classical Shehnai-Maestro, belongs to Bihar.

From 2000 to 2007, there were no winners.

In 2008, there was only one winner.

Pandit Bhimshen Gururaj Joshi (1922-2011)

He was a Hindustani Classical Vocalist, belongs to Karnataka.

From 2009 to 2012, there were no winners.

In 2013, there were two winners.

Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar (born in 1973)

He is an Indian Sports Person (Cricketer).

C.N. Rao Indian Chemist, the man behind India’s Maiden ‘Mars’-Mission.

In 2014, there were two winners.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee (born in 1924)

He had been a Former Prime Minister of India.

Madan Mohan Malviya (1861-1946)

Indian Politician and the founder of Banaras Hindu University/ BHU, Awarded Posthumously.

These are the great personalities who had received the “Bharat Ratna” Award Posthumously.

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  1. Harsh says:

    Proud To Be Indian

  2. kalpesh dhanja says:

    proud to be indian

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