Democracy | Advantages and Disadvantages of Democracy | Short Essay



Meaning of democracy

Democracy spread in India with the vast democratic country. It is established by the government as an “of the people, for the people, by the people.

The government, which was designed for the people, has got into the hands of the bosses and their employers, the special interests. An invisible empire has been set up above the forms of democracy. 

Democracy is that system, which is a form of the government. Here, every individual participating in this system with very conscious. There are rural people more in India as compare to the rich people. Poor people majority is supreme in the government.

Some of the people are more conscious with that democracy, and some of the people have remained the sovereign power determining their destiny. In the democracy, people have ultimate power for its success and failure. It all depend upon their wisdom, consciousness, and vigilance.

Democracy in all over world

Democracy is almost everywhere in the world. Europe has used its form of government for nearly half a century. North and South America are now virtually a hemisphere of democracy, Africa is experiencing democratic reform, and new, democracies have taken root in Asia.

Democracy may be a word familiar to most, but it is a concept still misunderstood and misused. Freedom and democracy are often used to mean the same thing, but they are not the same. People in a democracy have many rights. This form of government isn’t just for the government; it helps the people. Also how democratic leaders are elected.

Advantages of the democracy

  • Direct democracy

Democracy is all about the huge population of the country. They are electing the government by his vote. Here, poor people majority is high. Democracy is mostly good for small and older communities, where the whole town or community can get together and vote together on decisions, that can be an advantage to all the townspeople.

  • Indirect democracy

In the case of indirect democracy, like in India, the Government is formed by peoples’ representatives elected as members of Parliament and such elected officials choose the Prime Minister. Similarly, at the State level, the members of the legislative assembly are elected directly by the people, and they elect the Chief Minister.

  • Duties and responsibility

There is primary government object to provide to his poor masses to the country for his welfare, betterment, and amelioration. That people are electing him as their representative, and they are also answerable for this duties and responsibility.

  • Comparison to dictatorship

Today most of the world’s powerful countries, international organizations, and political science experts see democracy as a natural choice as compared to dictatorship.

  • Prevents monopoly

In a democracy, power can transform from one part to another using election. The jurisdiction of the citizens of a nation determines its ruling authorities. Moreover, any government is bound by an election term after which it has to compete against other parties to regain power. This system prevents monopoly of the ruling power.

Disadvantages of Democracy

  • Less education for selection

Since 1952 in India, there was franchise held. After many years India had got his Indian constitution and declared India as a democratic federal Republic. After that in India came the first democratic election by universal. During the election in India, People not understand the democracy and them had not necessary consciousness. They do not have education about the selection between good and evil.

  • Number of victims

Many of people became the victims of age-old poverty, ignorance, and superstitions. Many of them did not even understand the difference between the British and the new rulers. However, the entire election process held through a democratic process.

  • Illiterate people

After so many years, the people in India are not very much different, for many of them are illiterates. In country, that time was illiteracy. A large number of individuals are still below poverty level. In spite of efforts taken by the government, the Indian democracy could not the desired changes and to attain the goal of food for all, a shelter for all, necessities for all and education for all.

  • Less awareness

According to a common observation, not all the citizens are acutely aware of the political scenario in their country. The common masses may not be aware of the political issues in society. It may result in people making the wrong choices during the election. As the government is subject to change after election term, the authorities may work with a short-term focus.

There are following conditions has given for the success of democracy in India, such as,

  • The willingness among the elected representatives to sincerely perform their duties and not to take advantage of the ignorance and poverty of the voters.
  • Empowerment of the poor and illiterates to enjoy and protect democracy.
  • The willingness among intelligent, educated, and efficient people to assume the leadership role.
  • Eradication of social evils and dangers from which democracy suffers.
  • Fair, impartial, and efficient press to form public opinion.
  • The presence of high public opinion.
  • It Feeling of tolerance and communal harmony among the people.
  • Conscious check and vigilance on the working of the elected representatives.
  • Awareness among the people of the fundamental rights that they are entitled to enjoy.
  • Powerful, and responsible opposition.

Every form of government, whether democratic or dictatorship, has both advantages and disadvantages. Indian democracy, without a doubt, is very useful and proved to be very successful. It has successfully ensured individual freedom.

It is true that, in spite of various efforts, democracy has failed to fulfill human being’s expectations. It has failed to completely eradicate poverty, injustices, social evils and inequalities from the Indian society.


We must keep in mind that there is no better form of government than a Democratic state. It is, beyond doubt, a better form of government that aristocracy, dictatorship, and monarch. There is no better alternative to democracy. To create a better society and nation, the people of India along with the union and state governments should come together to fight against the miseries of human life.


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