Disaster Management in India Essay for Students (School & College)


A disaster is a very serious disturbance in the functioning of a community and society as a fall-out widespread human, material, or environmental losses that exceed the ability of the affected population to cope with its own resources.

To manage this disaster is the discipline by which man has to make continuous efforts to reduce the harm caused by disasters. India is a disaster-prone country. In fact, there is no such country which is safe from disasters. There are two types of disasters, natural disasters, and man-made disasters.

Natural disasters are the disasters caused due to natural reasons which are beyond the control of humans including floods, hurricanes, earthquakes and volcano eruptions that have immediate impacts on human lives.

Man-made disasters are known as complex emergencies are the disasters caused due to major accidents like fires, road accidents, murders, terrorist attacks, etc.

Disaster management is the primary and secondary plans made by peoples to reduce the risk of disasters and to cope up with disasters.

Disaster management in India

National disaster management authority (NDMA) is the apex body that is mandated to lay down the policies and guidelines for disaster management to ensure timely and effective response towards disasters. A separate fund called “national disaster management fund” (NDMF) is also there for exclusive mitigation.

Functions performed by the NDMA are

  • Administration
  • Policies formation for disaster management
  • Mitigation of disasters, Approval of the plans laid down
  • Formation of funds for the purpose of mitigation of disasters
  • Running various programs and imparting guidelines.

Effects of Disasters

There are both direct and indirect impacts of the disaster which have been deadly destructive and damaging effects on human life. There is a loss of life as well as livestock.

Prevention and Control of the Natural Disaster

The natural disaster is inevitable, even if we have measures to predict or forecast the disaster we can’t stop them from happening. The best which can be done is to avoid the practices which are hazardous for the environment which is leading to environmental degradation while preparing plans for our disaster management. Once a disaster has occurred it leads to massive destruction and loss of life. In case of the disaster like earthquakes, floods, etc. Where a number of humans are displaced and post-disaster there are a number of causalities. This is the time when the actual emergency comes into effect by giving first aid to the injured ones, providing the rescue operations and relief operations to the victims.

The most vulnerable sections in these disasters are the poor. Hence it is necessary to mobilize them towards preparedness. The quick and timely response is the essence of providing immediate relief and rescue operations to save human lives and mitigate miseries as soon as possible. The response mechanism envisages that on receiving signals of a disaster happening or likely to happen, all activities related to the mitigation process are activated without loss of time.

Disaster management is a collective and coordinated effort. A number of activities need to be performed in the event of a disaster. This involves the coordination, command, and full control, rapid assessment of damage, restoration of power, telecommunication and surface transport, the deployment of search and rescue teams, medicals and para-medical teams, water for drinking and food material, setting up of temporary shelters, sanitation, and hygiene identification and earmarking of resources, last but not the least, maintenance of law and order is equally important.

Each and every person must take an active part in disaster management to reduce the risk of human life. The proper disaster management team can take charge as soon as possible when the disaster strikes.

If you have any other Questions related to Disaster Management in India Essay, you may ask your Queries by commenting below.

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  1. Anmol says:

    Just keep your mouth shut

  2. Shraddha says:

    This essay was really helpful..it helped me out in various projects & even in exams and the topics were really nice!!

  3. Michael says:

    Very useful

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