Essay on Diwali in Simple English for Students – Read Here Online

India is known as the land of festivals, and Diwali is one of India’s biggest festivals. It is a festival of lights, and every Indian celebrates it with joy. In the right terms, this is the festival that emphasizes the victory of light over darkness.

It is a Hindu festival, held in the period October to November. It is particularly associated with Goddess Lakshmi and marks the beginning of the financial year in our country. Sweets and gifts are exchanged, children burst crackers, a lot of delicacies are prepared, people wear new clothes, and all the family members come together to acknowledge this day. In my opinion, it is one of the most enjoyable, beautiful and sacred festivals in the Hindu religion.

Diwali / Deepavali


In North India, the Hindus celebrate Diwali to honor Ramachandra, the seventh incarnation of the Lord Vishnu. It is believed that on this day Rama with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana returned to Ayodhya(his kingdom) after 14 years of exile during which he fought and won a battle against the demon king, Ravana. It is believed that the people lit oil lamps along the way to light their path in the darkness. In South India, it is considered as a victory of Lord Krishna over the demon Naraka. Hence people celebrate this day with new clothes, bursting of crackers, etc.

For Sikhs, Diwali is particularly important because it celebrates the release of the sixth guru, Guru Hargobind, and 52 other princes with him, in 1619.

Diwali has a very special significance in Jainism as well. It marks the anniversary of the liberation of Mahavira’s soul, the 24th and last Jain Tirthankara of the present age.


Diwali is celebrated by Hindus, Jains, and Sikhs and Newar Buddhists. It is to mark different historical events, but they all symbolize the victory of light over darkness, knowledge over ignorance, good over evil, hope over despair.

People celebrate Dhanteras on the first day, Naraka Chaturdashi on the second day, Diwali on the third day, Diwali Padva on the fourth day, and Bhai Dooj on the fifth day of the festival.

  • Dhanteras: On Dhanteras Hindus consider it auspicious to purchase gold or silver or utensils. It is believed that some form of precious metal is a sign of good luck. “Lakshmi Puja” is performed in the evenings where tiny Diyas are lit to drive away the evil spirits.
  • Narak Chaturdashi: The Hindu literature narrates that the demon Narakasura was killed on this day by Lord Krishna, Satyabhama and Goddess Kali. The day is celebrated by early morning religious rituals and festivities followed on.
  • Diwali: This is celebrated as the return of Lord Rama with his wife and younger brother back to Ayodhya.
  • Diwali Padva: It is celebrated in honor of the notional return of king Bali to earth.
  • Bhai Dooj: The celebrations of this day are similar to that of Raksha Bandhan. On this day, sisters get gifts from brothers.

How Is Diwali Celebrated

Hindus light up their homes and shops, to welcome Goddess Lakshmi, to give them good luck for the year ahead. They offer prayers to shower wealth and good fortune on them. People start new businesses and pray for a successful year. Lamps are lit to help Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, find her way into people’s homes.

Neighbors, family members, and friends come together and enjoy. Lots of delicious dishes are prepared. Jalebis, Gulab Jamun, Shankarpale, Kheer, Kajoo Barfi, Suji Halwa and Karanji are amongst the most popular during this occasion. Houses look very attractive in lights and rangolis. All this makes the celebration more interesting.


Sadly there is an increase in environmental pollution with the celebration. This is because of the bursting of various types of firecrackers during this festival.

They are hazardous as they release toxic pollutants like carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and others which get mixed with the air and cause several deadly diseases. It affects people of all age groups. Not only human beings, but it also affects the lives of animals, birds and other living beings.

However, these days, the Government is striving hard to reduce this. Schools and various organizations are striving to educate the people for the pollution-free festival. The media is also supporting this.

Programs on television and radio are aired asking citizens to curb the noise and stay safe. Supreme Court has banned the bursting sound-emitting crackers. Therefore, we must practice celebrating the pollution free Diwali every year and save the environment.


In all Diwali is a festival where people keep hard feelings aside, try forgetting their problems and enjoy this day to the fullest. This festival enriches the friendship and feeling of brotherhood.  In conclusion, Diwali not only brings people together but provides the purpose, meaning and hope through the use of rituals and celebrations.

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  1. Your Name...Aditya Singh says:

    Best diwali

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