Advantages and Disadvantages of Federalism | Essay for Students and Children

by Sandeep | Posted on Monday, April 10th, 2017


Federalism should be able to maintain unity among all. But this does not mean that we should boycott regional voices and the voices of ethnic groups.

Federalism is the dispersing system of the local governments, which is a final decision for complete the authority of the nation. It creates various zones of the nation, and these zones are called states.

It is highly dispersing in the first countries by several different regions, which can govern itself, to some extent. This system is representing specific and sometimes overlapping geographical areas.

Under the federalist system of government, each of the units of government has his constituent and central authority. It is divided by different social, political, moral and economic persuasions in the whole country under every current state constitution.

It separated in all over the country by various regions, and the self-governing is more responsible and answerable under existing law or another legal system.

Under the federalist system of government, each of the central government and the state government is both drafting the laws, in the United States. The approval of the federalism is given by the high authorities into the states and central government to approve authority of local legislatures.

According to specific criteria, the federal system dividing the countries power and resources between the central government and state government.

In the United States, the country is divided up into several different states, each of which has some extent their laws and self-governing ability.

Here, in the country have many of the authorities and rules are separated by the different states of government, in fact, all the states are in the same country, but officials divided in various states.

State of federalism

The federation system split into the different states of government; those have the power to govern, that are Central government and State government. Because of its authorities, the Constitution of India also fulfils most of the conditions of federalism.

Advantages of Federalism

  • Easy to manageable

It is easy to manageable for a government to govern the whole country by the federalism because, in this vast country, it is necessary to handle by a governor. By some specific directions, the governor can take the decision within the boundaries of state for the wellness of the people.

  • Maintain attention on local issues

In the federalism system, the people of the region have many of the issues and problems, so they can take proper care in their state by the state government to fulfil their needs and interest. It becomes easier for people of the region to get great respond by the federal government.

It implements laws and prevents the issues for the betterment of the area people.

  • Diversity

Under the federal system may also generate the diversity system in the field of individuals by some work ways and another thing, but along with it, it is respected equally by different federations.

  • Generate ability into people

The federal system is producing talent into the citizens of the region. They can choose their place of living, better work as per requirement and also which region they like for their livelihood.

They can move from one region to another area as per their choice for whole life. In fact, it is the collective right of the people to choose their place for their livelihood, which can suit for them.

  • Less distance between citizen and governors

In the state level of government have some distance between citizen and governor, but the citizen should feel that the state governor is in touch with them on any issues of the region and it is more necessary for ever state and region.

It can be hard to connect with the people governing you when they live many hundreds of miles away in the Head Quarter of central authority.

  • Answerable to constitution

The federal system has not that ambition to overthrow the central government. In fact, it is more responsible to the country’s national legal system or law. So, it plays important to make attention for the unity in diversity of the region.

  • Power of Citizen

To replace the federal government, people votes to bring the better governor of the state. Stability of the government is totally in hand of every citizen by voting, and it is the power of citizens over the issues that concern them and their region.

  • Better understanding

It is the better understanding governor of the state, which can maintain the proper regulations in the federal government. It is tough for a centralised government to have an in-depth knowledge of all of the regions of the country.

  • Farming

In the entire area of the farming have the issue of different climate, and the federal system is providing the useful and necessary federal laws relating to agriculture, and similar problems can be tailored to suit the particularities of a region’s climate.

  • Centralized power

When a centralised government is not the only power in a country, it can be kept in check better. Different federations can act as checks and balances for each other and give each other ideas about how to govern.

It can be easier to regulate several smaller states than one large nation alone. Major countries work better when they are divided up into smaller federations as this makes governing them easier.

Recognising distinct leagues helps to preserve the local character of each federation.

Disadvantages of Federalism

  • It could argue that federal governments become overly parochial, putting the interests of a relatively small region of a country ahead of national interests in a counterproductive way.
  • In a federal government, federal governors and the central government may become engaged in conflicts of authority about what is best for a given region of the country.
  • Citizens may feel out of touch with other citizens in different parts of the country, making it harder for them to relate to people from different states or federations.
  • When your most visible system of government is the federal government, you may feel out of touch with the central government, especially when it is far away.
  • Different laws for different states can be confusing. It can argue that it’s better to have a consistent system for all areas of a nation.
  • A federal system of government may feel very fragmented – the country can seem broken up into various parts without real unity between them.
  • When several federations profoundly disagree on legal matters, conflicts can arise. Conflict and disputes between states can cause friction
  • Federalism can be complicated to navigate.


Federalism can be a very useful solution to the issue of governing a vast country. It is a way of meeting each region of the country’s needs without allowing those districts to lose touch with the central government. However, federalism can carry with it the potential for conflict and confusion if it not handled properly.

About the Author Sandeep

Hi Guys, I am Sandeep Co-founder of IASpaper and UPSCToday Staying in Mumbai (India) and pursuing graduation in Computer Science and Engineering from Mumbai University. I love helping Aspirants. You may join me on Facebook

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  1. Thet Mon Phyo says:

    I think that some region governments have more powe than other regional governments.For example ,Jammu and Kashmir has special autonomy wherby some powers of the centre under the constitution do not apply to it.Just my opinion

  2. Thet Mon Phyo says:

    I think that federalism makes more complex for the country.There may be conflict about sharing power and resources.

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