GPAT Pharmacology Syllabus 2021 – Get Syllabus PDF Here


Latest Applications Open 2021:

     

GPATThe National Testing Agency is shortly known as NTA and it is conducted the GPAT 2021 Examination, which is commonly known as the Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test. There is many of the candidates may appear for this examination every year.

Those candidates are interested to get admission in the medical courses, they can fill the application form of GPAT and through this examination result, and the candidates will be eligible and go for the counseling procedure.

Here, through this article, the candidates will be able to know the complete information of GPAT in which includes GPAT 2021 Syllabus.

GPAT Pharmacology Syllabus – PDF Available

New GPAT 2021 Pharmacology Syllabus is available. Click Here to Download PDF.

Pharmacology

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General Pharmacology: Introduction to Pharmacology- Definition, scope, and source of drugs, dosage form, and routes of drug administration. Pharmacodynamics-Mechanism of drug action, Receptors, classification and drug receptors interaction, the combined effect of drugs, factors modifying drug action.

Pharmacokinetics-Mechanism and principle of Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, and Excretion of drugs. Principles of basic and clinical pharmacokinetics. Pharmacogenetics. Adverse drug reactions.

Discovery and development of new drugs-Preclinical and clinical studies.

Detailed pharmacology including classification, mechanism of action and therapeutic uses of following classes:

Neurohumoral transmission in the autonomic and central nervous system: Neurohumoral transmission (Autonomic and somatic). Neurohumoral transmission in the C.N.S with special emphasis on Pharmacology of various neurotransmitters. Nitric oxide:
Biosynthesis of nitric oxide and its physiological role. Therapeutic use of nitric oxide and nitric oxide donors. Clinical condition in which nitric oxide may play a part.

Peptides and proteins as mediators: General Principal of peptide pharmacology Biosynthesis and regulation of peptides Peptide antagonists. Protein and peptide as drugs

Pharmacology of the peripheral nervous system: Neurohumoral transmission (Autonomic and somatic). Parasympathomimetics, Parasympatholytics, Sympathomimetics, Sympatholytics, Ganglionic stimulants, and blockers. Neuromuscular blocking agents and skeletal muscle relaxants (peripheral).

Local anesthetic agents. Drugs used in Myasthenia Gravis.

Pharmacology of central nervous System: Neurohumoral transmission in the C.N.S with special emphasis on Pharmacology of various neurotransmitters. General anesthetics. Alcohols and disulfiram. Sedatives, hypnotics and centrally acting muscle relaxants, Psychopharmacological agents: Antipsychotics, antidepressants, antianxiety agents, anti-manics and hallucinogens. Anti-epileptic drugs. Anti-parkinsonism drugs. Nootropics.

Narcotic analgesics, drug addiction, drug abuse, tolerance, and dependence.

Pharmacology of the cardiovascular system: Introduction of hemodynamic and Electrophysiology of heart.

  • Anti-hypertensive drugs, Anti-anginal agents, Anti-arrhythmic drugs.
  • Drugs used in congestive heart failure. Anti-hyperlipidemic drugs.
  • Drugs used in the therapy of shock.
  • Haematinics, anticoagulants and hemostatic agents.
  • Fibrinolytic and antiplatelet drugs.
  • Blood and plasma volume expanders.

Drugs acting on the urinary system: Diuretics and anti-diuretics.

Drugs acting on the Respiratory system: Anti-asthmatic drugs, Mucolytics, and nasal decongestants, Anti-tussives and expectorants. Respiratory stimulants

Pharmacology of Endocrine system: Basic concepts in endocrine pharmacology. Hypothalamic and pituitary hormones. Thyroid hormones and ant thyroid drugs, Parathormone, Calcitonin, and vitamin-D. Insulin, oral hypoglycemic agents and glucagon. ACTH and corticosteroids. Androgens and anabolic steroids. Estrogens, progesterone, and oral contraceptives. Drugs acting on the uterus.

Chemotherapy: General principals of chemotherapy. Sulphonamides and co-trimoxazole.

Antibiotics- Penicillins, cephalosporins, chloramphenicol, Macrolides, quinolines and fluoroquinolones, quinolones. Tetracyclines. Aminoglycosides and miscellaneous antibiotics. Chemotherapy of tuberculosis, leprosy, fungal diseases, viral diseases, AIDS, protozoal diseases, worm infections, urinary tract infections, and sexually transmitted diseases. Chemotherapy of malignancy.

Autacoids and their Antagonists: Histamine, 5-HT and their antagonists.

Prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and leukotrienes. pentagastrin, cholecystokinin, angiotensin, bradykinin and substance P. Analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and anti-gout drugs.

Pharmacology of drug acting on the gastrointestinal tract: Antacids, anti-secretary and antiulcer drugs.

Laxatives and antidiarrheal drugs. Appetite stimulants and suppressants. Digestants and carminatives. Emetics and antiemetics.

Chronopharmacology: Definition of rhythm and cycles. Biological clock and their significance leading to chronotherapy.

Immunopharmacology: Immunostimulants and immunosuppressants.

Vitamins & Minerals: Vitamin deficiency diseases and their management. Role of minerals in health & diseases.

Principles of toxicology: Definition of poison. General principles of treatment of Poisoning. Treatment of poisoning due to Heavy metals, insecticides, opioids and other addict forming drugs. Study of acute, subacute and chronic toxicity as per OECD guidelines. Genotoxicity, Carcinogenicity, teratogenicity and mutagenicity studies.

Also, Check Below-

Latest Applications For Various UG & PG Courses Open 2021:

    1. Lovely Professional University, Punjab | Admissions Open for All Courses 2021. Apply Now
    2. UPES, Dehradun | Admissions Open for All Courses 2021. Apply Now
    3. Chandigarh University, Punjab | Admissions Open for All Courses 2021. Apply Now
    4. GD Goenka, Gurgaon | Admission Open for All Courses 2021. Apply Now
    5. DIT University, Dehradun | Admission Open for All Courses 2021. Apply Now
    6. Sharda University | Admission Open all courses 2021. Apply Now
    7. Manav Rachna University, Haryana | Admission Open for all courses 2021. Apply Now

Pharmacognosy

Pharmaceutical Analysis

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