Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English for Students & Children

Mahatma Gandhi EssayA very simple essay about a very extraordinary man, here we provide an essay on ‘Bapu’, the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi. Who with his deed always stays as an immortal hero in the hearts of Indians. This essay is about Mahatma Gandhi for students and children in a very basic language which could be helpful for any school, college, assignment exam or competition.

Early Life

Popularly known as Rastrapitta or father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi’s full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar, in the present state of Gujarat. Born in a Hindu merchant family, his father served as dewan of the portable state.  His middle name Karamchand is his father’s name which was used along with Mohandas in his name.

One of the significant figures of freedom fight of India,  Rabindranath Tagore also named him THE MARTYR OF THE NATION’ since 1948 as he played a very vital role in the freedom of India from the British rule of 200 years.

At the age of 18, he did his law from London and went to British colonies to practice his law were a life-changing incident happened.

In South Africa in 1914 he was thrown out of local transportation because of his dark skin tone and was humiliated for being black and sitting with a white man, this incident made him decide to change the world of black and make them stand equal to the white man. In 1890 he returned to India and started his freedom struggle to free the mind-body and souls of Indians from all kinds of evils.

Gandhi And His Work

Gandhi JayantiAt the age of 40, Gandhi initiated a Non-cooperation movement in 1920. Where for the first time in history such a huge number of Indians, irrelevant of cast and class gathered together against the British to free India. The idea was to show non-cooperation to the British rule by all Indians in unity.

In 1930 the civil disobedience movement was started which was to disobey all the rules made by British Raj, its main focus remained on disobeying the salt law by doing a salt satyagraha

Quit India’s moment in 1942 played a very important role in India’s freedom as it was the direct demand for freedom by not providing any kind of help in World War 2 which the British were fighting in Europe.

Other than this recognizable event, Mahatma Gandhi did go to jail often for various courses. Gandhi was a torch holder who showed the path of independence to all. But through a principal of nonviolence and truth.

Gandhian Principal

Mahatma Gandhi did play war but a war with no weapon. The sword of non-violence and the shield of truth were his only weapons which helped India gain freedom and united the nation under one flag.

His idea was to control the body and mind for a better life. He believed that the body should be controlled by the mind and mind by the soul, only this way of life will lead to enlightenment.

He believes in living with morals, and he did achieve to spiritualized politics by his idea of truth justice and non-violence. He believed in accepting the bigger truth of life which is ‘working for others’

And his very famous principle of life was, ‘simplicity’ he lived a very simple and self-made life where he wore simple, live in a very simple atmosphere and ate vegetarian food. He did not live a life full of facilities. He believes that all men must live a simple life to gain the satisfaction of living.

A Social Reformer

Non Cooperation Movement: Impact, Notes, Slogan and EffectsMahatma Gandhi just not led various movements against British Raj but along with it, he fought against all the evils prevailing in the society. He strived to work towards removing untouchability from society and provide all the citizens of India an equal stage to live on. He named all the untouchables as ‘Harijan’, the people of God where ‘Jan’ means people and ‘hari’ stand for God. He practiced the idea of equality by doing all his daily work on his own irrespective of the type of work.

He along ignited the light of ‘swadeshi’ which means ‘to our country’ and promoted to use goods made in our country and abolish the use of foreign goods as it will boost Indian market, make Indian citizen independent and make the British suffer a loss in business as their markets will fall. For promoting this idea, he weaved his cloth on a wooden spindle ‘the charkha’ which later became a prevalent symbol of Indian freedom.

He also supported agriculture and promoted people to increase farming of Indian crops and work in the agriculture field.

Role of Non-violence in Indian Freedom Struggle   

  • Champaran and Kheda Agitations
  • Non-cooperation Movement
  • Salt Satyagraha or Salt March
  • Quit India Movement

Last Days

Mahatma Gandhi is an unforgettable figure for Indians as he played a very important figure in preventing Indian freedom from the British rule but to a very unfortunate, he was assassinated right after Indians independent by one of his own men.

Nathuram Godse believed to be his very close man who killed him on the 30th of January 1948 at Birla House by a gunshot. He believed Gandhi to be a reason for India’s partition. Mahatma Gandhi was cremated at Raj Ghat, New Delhi, and the 30th of January annually is acknowledged as martyr day in to pay regard to him in India.


Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, father of the nation, revolutionaries, a man of morals and virtue, a change-maker and ideal to all. While living, he played a hero, and after death, he played an inspiration. Mahatma Gandhi yet lives in each Indian’s heart and will always be recognized worldwide for being the change we all are living today.

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  1. Nishant says:

    Very good

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