Mahatma Gandhi was one of the greatest Indian of all time. He was our ‘Father of the Nation’. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He gave the title of “Mahatma” which implies the “Great Soul.” A person also calls to him as the name of ‘Bapu.’
The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.
Birth of the Gandhiji
Mahatma Gandhiji was born on 2nd October 1869 at the place of Porbandar which located in Gujarat state.And his father was the high noble and pious man; His name was Karamchand Gandhi. He was the chief Dewan of the State of Rajkot.
Mahatma Gandhi mother was a very straightforward and religious woman. In the little age, he influenced by the religious and pious behavior of her mother.
Mahatma Gandhi has received his early education and training from his religious parents. He goes up so deeply in religious, truthful, honest, and fearless from his childhood. Mahatma Gandhi married to the Kasturba Gandhi in the year of 1983. His wedding done according to the traditional system, and they took place this married at traditionally.
He was very brilliant student from childhood; He has completed the matriculation examination in 1887. After his long study, he went to the England ends his barrister in law. In 1991, after his studies, he became the lawyer and returned to our country.
Worked in South Africa
Mahatma Gandhi went to the South Africa as a lawyer when his age was 24years old. He spends the 21 years at South Africa from 18963 to 1914. He was staying in South Africa as counsel and mainly employed by Indian waiting. He found that Indians and other dark skinned people were the oppressed sections of the society. He faced discrimination on several occasions. He was once disallowed to travel on first-class and thrown out of the train. He was moved by the poor condition of Indians and decided to fight against the injustice. In 1894, he formed the Indian Natal Congress to fight for the civil rights of the Indian community in South Africa.
When he was in South Africa, He fought for the civil rights and privileges of the Indians who are living in South Africa. Throughout his struggle, he taught people to fight for their rights through non-violence. Hence, he made his mark as a great political leader in South Africa.
When he returned to India
He came back to India in 1915. Later, he was the president of Indian National Congress. He protested against the misrule of the British Government. He had associated with several national movements during India’s struggle for independence such as Non-cooperation Movement in 1920, Satyagraha, Quit India Movement in 1942, etc. On several occasions, he sent to prison. There was the broad participation of women in the freedom movements led by Gandhi.
For Hindi Version of IAS Paper Website http://www.ias.net.in/hindi Click here to visit
Non-cooperation was his great weapon. The Non-cooperation Movement as a non-violent protest against the use of the British made goods by Indians. It was a movement of the masses of India.
Dandi Yatra on Salt Satyagraha
In 1942, Gandhi raised the ‘Quit India’ slogan. Gandhiji asked the British Government to “Quit India.” The Quit India Movement was the most powerful movement launched by Gandhi to end the British rule in India. He gave the famous slogan of “Do or die” for the freedom of mother country.
Principle of non-violence
He followed the principles of non-violence, truth, and peace throughout his life. He guided his fellow citizens to struggle for freedom, not by using weapons, but by following ahinsa (non-violence). Peace (Shanti) and truth (Satya). He proved that Ahinsa (non-violence) is stronger than the sword. He adopted the principles of satyagraha in the Indian Independence movements.
He brought this all non-violence for the every Indian. Everyone follow this for the development of the country.
Indian History of Gandhiji
His remained the most influential leader of India’s freedom movement during the period from 1919 to 1948 and thus the period is called the ‘Gandhian Era in Indian history. He was the great leader of India who starts the fighting for the freedom.
What was important for Gandhiji
He is a well-known world personality. He was a well-reputed personality of the England. After that, He shook off the British imperialism. The British were compelled to quit India. He secured freedom for our country following the principles of truth and non-violence. He was, thus, a saintly leader. Finally, India won its independence on the 15th day of August in 1947.
Gandhi birth anniversary
In India, Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated every year on the day of his birth anniversary and so respectfully, and he always remembered in the mind of all. It is a national holiday. The world celebrates 2nd October as the International day of non-violence.
Death of the Gandhiji
Unfortunately, the great saint was assassinated by Nathuram Godse on 30th January 1948.
Thus, Mahatma Gandhi was both a saint and an effective leader of his compatriots. He was a simple, pure, unselfish and religious person. He did most of his private jobs of his own. He fought for the freedom of India through non-violent and peaceful methods. He tried hard to raise the distressed sections of the society. He fought against illiteracy. He dreamt of providing mass employment through Charka and Khaddar. He always felt for the poor and untouchables people. He wanted to abolish untouchability from Indian society.
The life and teachings of Mahatma Gandhi were so glorious that people around the world still pay homage to him. We will always remember his in our hearts.