The Non-Cooperation Movement started by the Mahatma Gandhi with the ambition of remove the British rule from the India and make it independent.
It is one of the three most significant movements of India’s struggle for Independence, along with this movement, the two other movements; he also started in India, which is Civil Disobedience Movement and Quit India Movement.
Mahatma Gandhi arises the great movement along with the great leaders and them too the responsibility to remove the Government of British.
On that time, the British were also responsible for the slow pace of the national movement after adopting the repressive measure.
The First World War took place in the India, which created more hardship for the people by increasing of the price level. The all factors met and made the new chapter of a freedom movement.
The Non-Cooperation movement
The Non-Cooperation movement was started under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi in 1920 to remove the British government from the country.
It is the biggest event in the history of India;s struggle for independence since the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. The movement started by the Rowlatt Act, the Jalianwallah Bagh Massacre and the Khilafat movement.
Non-cooperation movement is declaring the peaceful and non-violent war against the atrocities of the British government, which had gone back on its words.
Causes of Non-Cooperation movement
Entered into quasi-political
To make the freedom country and remove the British rule, Gandhi was introduced into the state and handles the political ideals under his leadership. He was involved in the quasi-political cause.
He participated in this because there was the demand for fair wages for cultivators of Champaran district of Bihar, peasants of the Kheda district in Gujarat and the textile workers of Ahmedabad.
First World War
In the sense of sympathy towards the Government, he even advocated raising volunteers to be recruited as soldiers to fight on behalf of the English in the First World War.
Like other contemporary political minds, he had assumed that post war, the people of India would move towards self-governance rapidly.
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His assumptions proved wrong when the Government promulgated the Rowlatt Act and disregarded the demands put forward by the Khilafat Movement.
Closely spaced incidents like the mobilization of the Martial Law in Punjab, the Jalianwala Bagh massacre, failure of the Montague-Chelmsford Reforms and the dismemberment of Turkey by the British following the Treaty of Severs in May 1920, incited widespread resentment among all sections of the people of India.
In the year 1919, the British Government passed a new rule called Rowlatt Act. Under this Act, the Government had the authority to arrest people and the power to keep them in prisons without any trial if they suspected of anti-Raj activities.
The Government also earned the power to refrain the newspapers from reporting and printing news.
Abide by civil rights
Gandhi not only condemned the Bill out rightly but also warned the British Government that the nation as such was not going to comply with any act which would deny civil rights.
Protest against Rowlatt Act
As a protest against the Rowlatt Act, Gandhi urged the people to observe an All India Hartal on 6th April 1919. The consistent success of this program led to many more demonstrations and agitations throughout the country.
Aim of Non-Cooperation Movement
Mahatma Gandhi thought to remove the British government from a country. He had travelled the length and breadth of the country explaining the ideology and programs with an aim to reach people from all levels of the society.
He was planned and programmed with excellent efficient for support to the public and mobilise his ideals among the masses favour of the movement.
- The campaign started for abiding the rules and laws of the British government, which was the main aim of this movement
- Mahatma Gandhi had appealed to all Indians to change their titles
- Boycott of British courts by lawyers and litigants
- He had planned to withdraw the students from government funding schools and colleges
- Boycott of civil services, army and police
- Payment of Government tax should refused
- Boycott of council of elections
- Boycott of foreign goods
- Resignation from government nominated seats in local bodies