ICAR AIEEA UG Exam

ICAR AIEEA 2024 Syllabus (Available) – Check Syllabus Here

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ICAR Syllabus 2024 for students seeking admission to Bachelor’s degree programs in agriculture. The ICAR 2024 syllabus has been published on the National Testing Agency’s website. It is crucial for students to thoroughly examine the entire syllabus before commencing their preparation for the ICAR AIEEA UG in 2024. Familiarizing oneself with the complete ICAR syllabus and the ICAR AIEEA exam pattern is essential for effective preparation for the ICAR AIEEA 2024 examination.

The ICAR AIEEA syllabus 2024 has been outlined by the National Testing Agency, responsible for conducting admissions. In 2024, the ICAR AIEEA syllabus differs between the Undergraduate and Postgraduate courses. For ICAR AIEEA UG in 2024, the syllabus remains uniform for all candidates, consisting of five subjects organized into four combinations. Meanwhile, the ICAR AIEEA PG syllabus in 2024 is tailored to specific disciplines or papers.

The ICAR AIEEA 2024 Syllabus via CUET-UG has been published. For postgraduate programs, the syllabus is determined by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research. The National Testing Agency (NTA) will oversee the All India Entrance Examination for Admission (AIEEA). In the year 2024, admissions for undergraduate courses will be based on CUET scores. AIEEA PG is conducted for postgraduate courses in the agricultural field offered by agricultural universities. This is a nationwide entrance exam, and 15% of seats in bachelor’s degree programs (B.Sc ag./ B.Tech/ B.F.Sc, etc.) in Agricultural Universities (AUs) are filled through the ICAR AIEEA UG exam. In this article, candidates can review the ICAR AIEEA Syllabus for 2024.

Download ICAR UG/PG Syllabus PDF Here

UG Syllabus
Click to Download the UG Syllabus PDF.
PG Syllabus
Click to Download the Complete PG Syllabus PDF.
Click to Download the PG Syllabus of Programmes (Physical Sciences, Social Sciences, Basic Sciences, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics).
Click to Download the PG Syllabus of Programmes (Physical Sciences, Social Sciences, Basic Sciences, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Statistical Sciences).
Click to Download the PG Syllabus of Programmes (Basic Veterinary Sciences, Veterinary Clinical Subjects, Veterinary Para-Clinical Subjects, Animal Production Sciences).
Click to Download the PG Syllabus of (Dairy Science and Technology, Agricultural Engineering, Food Technology).
Click to Download the PG Syllabus of  (Fisheries Science).
Click to Download the PG Syllabus of (Community Science).

Who sets the ICAR AIEEA UG syllabus?

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research sets the ICAR AIEEA UG syllabus.

What is the level of the ICAR AIEEA UG 2024 syllabus?

The ICAR AIEEA UG 2024 syllabus is similar to Class 11 and Class 12, or the higher secondary level of the Science stream.

Has there been any change in the ICAR AIEEA UG 2024 syllabus?

Any changes in the ICAR AIEEA UG 2024 syllabus will be notified once the application form and brochure are released.

ICAR AIEEA 2024 Syllabus for UG Programmes

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research All India Entrance Examination for Admission (ICAR AIEEA) is a prestigious examination that opens doors to various undergraduate agricultural and allied science programs across India. In 2024, prospective candidates can expect a rigorous evaluation of their knowledge and skills in agriculture. The syllabus for the ICAR AIEEA 2024 for UG programs is designed to encompass various facets of agriculture, including subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Mathematics, ensuring that aspirants are well-prepared to excel in this highly competitive examination. This comprehensive syllabus sets the stage for aspirants to embark on a fulfilling journey towards a career in agricultural sciences.

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ICAR AIEEA 2024 Physics Syllabus

The ICAR AIEEA Physics Syllabus is a comprehensive study plan that covers fundamental concepts in physics, designed to assess candidates’ understanding of key principles and their application in agriculture-related fields.

UnitTopics
Unit-1: Physical World and Measurement– Physics scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology, and society. – Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. – Length, mass, and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures. – Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis, and its applications.
Unit-2: Kinematics– Frame of reference. – Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed, and velocity. – Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed, and instantaneous velocity. – Uniformly accelerated motion: velocity-time graph, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment). – Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. – Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. – Relative velocity. – Unit vector; Resolution of a vector in a plane – rectangular components. – Motion in a plane. – Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile motion. – Uniform circular motion. – Motion of objects in three-dimensional space.
Unit-3: Laws of Motion– Intuitive concept of force. – Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. – Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. – Equilibrium of concurrent forces. – Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction. – Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road).
Unit-4: Work, Energy and Power– Scalar product of vectors. – Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power. – Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces: conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces: elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Unit-5: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body– Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conversation and centre of mass motion. – Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod. – Vector product of vectors; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples. – Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. – Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects. – Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
Unit-6: Gravitation– Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. – The universal law of gravitation. – Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. – Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. – Escape velocity. – Orbital velocity of a satellite. – Geo-stationary satellites.
Unit-7: Properties of Bulk Matter– Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity. – Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes). – Effect of gravity on fluid pressure. – Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. – Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. – Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise. – Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat – calorimetry; change of state – latent heat. – Heat transfer conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, Newton’s law of cooling.
Unit-8: Thermodynamics– Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics). – Heat, work, and internal energy. – First law of thermodynamics. – Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. – Heat engines and refrigerators.
Unit-9: Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory– Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas. – Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, concept of pressure. – Kinetic energy and temperature; rms speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heats of gases; concept of mean free path, Avogadro’s number.
Unit-10: Oscillations and Waves– Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. – Periodic functions. – Simple Harmonic Motion (S.H.M) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring–restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M.- kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum– derivation of expression for its time period; free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance. – Wave motion. – Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. – Displacement relation for a progressive wave. – Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect.
Unit-11: Electrostatics– Electric Charges; Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law – force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. – Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field. – Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside). – Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field. – Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. – Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor. – Van de Graaff generator.
Unit-12: Current Electricity– Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V – I characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity. – Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance. – Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel. – Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. – Wheatstone bridge, meter bridge. – Potentiometer – principle and its applications to measure potential difference and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.
Unit-13: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism– Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. – Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. – Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. – Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. – Cyclotron. – Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. – Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. – Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter. – Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. – Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. – Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. – Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. – Para-, dia- and ferro – magnetic substances, with examples. – Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths. – Permanent magnets.
Unit-14: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents– Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. – Self and mutual inductance. – Need for displacement current. – Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattless current. – AC generator and transformer.
Unit-15: Electromagnetic waves– Displacement current, Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). – Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves. – Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.
Unit-16: Optics– Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. – Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lensmaker’s formula. – Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact. – Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism. – Scattering of light – blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset. – Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia, hypermetropia, presbyopia and astigmatism) using lenses. – Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers. – Wave optics: wave front and Huygens’ principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts. – Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle. – Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light. – Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. – Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. – Polarisation, plane polarised light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids.
Unit-17: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation– Dual nature of radiation. – Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light. – Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. – Davisson-Germer experiment.
Unit-18: Atoms & Nuclei– Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. – Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. – Radioactivity, alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. – Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission, nuclear reactor, nuclear fusion.
Unit-19: Electronic Devices– Semiconductors; semiconductor diode – I -V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I – V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. – Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. – Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). – Transistor as a switch.
Unit-20: Communication Systems– Elements of a communication system (block diagram only); bandwidth of signals (speech, TV and digital data); bandwidth of transmission medium. – Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky and space wave propagation. – Need for modulation. – Production and detection of an amplitude-modulated wave.

AIEEA ICAR 2024 Chemistry Syllabus

The AIEEA ICAR Chemistry Syllabus is a comprehensive study plan that encompasses essential principles in chemistry, designed to assess candidates’ proficiency in the subject, particularly within the context of agriculture-related fields.

UnitTopics Covered
Unit-1: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry– Importance and scope of chemistry. – Historical approach to the particulate nature of matter, laws of chemical combination. – Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms, and molecules. – Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, and molar mass. – Percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula. – Chemical reactions, stoichiometry, and calculations based on stoichiometry.
Unit-2: Solid State– Classification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic, covalent, and metallic solids. – Amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea). – Unit cell in two-dimensional and three-dimensional lattices. – Calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, voids. – Number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell. – Point defects, electrical and magnetic properties.
Unit-3: Solutions– Types of solutions. – Expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids. – Solubility of gases in liquids. – Solid solutions. – Colligative properties: relative lowering of vapor pressure, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure. – Determination of molecular masses using colligative properties. – Abnormal molecular mass.
Unit-4: Structure of Atom– Discovery of electron, proton, and neutron. – Atomic number, isotopes, and isobars. – Thomson’s model and its limitations. – Rutherford’s model and its limitations. – Bohr’s model and its limitations. – Concept of shells and subshells. – Dual nature of matter and light. – De Broglie’s relationship. – Heisenberg uncertainty principle. – Concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p, and d orbitals. – Rules for filling electrons in orbitals. – Electronic configuration of atoms. – Stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.
Unit-5: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties– Significance of classification. – Brief history of the development of the periodic table. – Modern periodic law and the present form of the periodic table. – Periodic trends in properties of elements: atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence.
Unit-6: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure– Valence electrons. – Ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters. – Lewis structure. – Polar character of covalent bond. – Covalent character of ionic bond. – Valence bond theory, resonance. – Geometry of covalent molecules. – VSEPR (Valence shell electron pair repulsion) theory. – Concept of hybridization. – Molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules. – Hydrogen bond.
Unit-7: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids– Three states of matter. – Intermolecular interactions, type of bonding, melting and boiling points. – Gas laws: Boyle’s law, Charles law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law. – Ideal behavior and empirical derivation of gas equation. – Avogadro’s number. – Ideal gas equation. – Liquefaction of gases, critical temperature. – Liquid State: Vapour pressure, viscosity, and surface tension.
Unit-8: Thermodynamics– Concepts of System, surroundings. – Work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties. – State functions. – First law of thermodynamics. – Internal energy and enthalpy. – Heat capacity and specific heat. – Measurement of ΔU and ΔH. – Hess’s law of constant heat summation. – Enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation. – Phase transformation, ionization, and solution. – Introduction of entropy as a state function. – Free energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous processes. – Criteria for equilibrium.
Unit-9: Equilibrium– Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes. – Dynamic nature of equilibrium. – Law of mass action. – Equilibrium constant. – Factors affecting equilibrium. – Le Chatelier’s principle. – Ionic equilibrium. – Ionization of acids and bases. – Strong and weak electrolytes. – Degree of ionization. – Concept of pH. – Hydrolysis of salts. – Buffer solutions. – Solubility product. – Common ion effect.
Unit-10: Redox Reactions– Concept of oxidation and reduction. – Redox reactions. – Oxidation number. – Balancing redox reactions. – Applications of redox reactions.
Unit-11: Hydrogen– Position of hydrogen in the periodic table. – Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen. – Hydrides: ionic, covalent, and interstitial. – Physical and chemical properties of water. – Heavy water. – Hydrogen peroxide: preparation, properties, and structure. – Hydrogen as a fuel.
Unit-12: sBlock Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)– Group 1 and Group 2 elements. – General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence. – Anomalous properties of the first element of each group. – Diagonal relationship. – Trends in properties (ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii). – Trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen, and halogens. – Uses.
Unit-13: Preparation and properties of some important compounds– Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, and sodium hydrogen carbonate. – Biological importance of sodium and potassium. – CaO, CaCO3, and industrial use of lime and limestone. – Biological importance of Mg and Ca.
Unit-14: Group p-Block Elements– General Introduction to p-Block Elements: Group 13 elements. – General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence. – Variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity. – Anomalous properties of the first element of the group. – Boron: physical and chemical properties. – Important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. – Aluminum: uses, reactions with acids and alkalies.
Unit-15: Group 14 elements– General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence. – Variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity. – Anomalous behavior of the first element. – Carbon: catenation, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties. – Uses of some important compounds: oxides. – Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates, and zeolites.
Unit-16: Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles and Techniques– General introduction. – Methods of qualitative and quantitative analysis. – Classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. – Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation. – Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radicals, carbocations, carbanions. – Electrophiles and nucleophiles. – Types of organic reactions.
Unit-17: Hydrocarbons– Classification of hydrocarbons. – Alkanes: Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations, physical properties, chemical reactions. – Alkenes: Nomenclature, structure of double bond, geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions. – Alkynes: Nomenclature, structure of triple bond, physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions. – Aromatic hydrocarbons: Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; benzene: resonance, aromaticity, chemical properties.
Unit-18: Electrochemistry– Conductance in electrolytic solutions. – Specific and molar conductivity. – Variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch’s Law. – Electrolysis and laws of electrolysis. – Dry cell – electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells. – Lead accumulator. – EMF of a cell. – Standard electrode potential. – Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells. – Fuel cells. – Corrosion.
Unit-19: Chemical Kinetics– Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous). – Factors affecting the rate of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst. – Order and molecularity of a reaction. – Rate law and specific rate constant. – Integrated rate equations and half-life (only for zero and first-order reactions). – Concept of collision theory.
Unit-20: Surface Chemistry– Adsorption: physisorption and chemisorption. – Factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids. – Catalysis: homogenous and heterogeneous. – Activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis. – Colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids, and suspensions. – Lyophilic, lyophobic, multimolecular, and macromolecular colloids. – Properties of colloids: Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation. – Emulsion: types of emulsions.
Unit-21: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements– Principles and methods of extraction: concentration, oxidation, reduction, electrolytic method, and refining. – Occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminum, copper, zinc, and iron.
Unit-22: p-Block Elements– Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence. – Variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties. – Nitrogen: preparation, properties, and uses. – Compounds of nitrogen: preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only). – Phosphorus: allotropic forms. – Compounds of phosphorus: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCl3, PCl5), and oxoacids.
Unit-23: Group 16 elements– General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence. – Trends in physical and chemical properties. – Dioxygen: preparation, properties, and uses. – Simple oxides. – Ozone. – Sulfur: allotropic forms. – Compounds of sulfur: preparation, properties, and uses of sulfur dioxide. – Sulfuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses, oxoacids of sulfur (structures only).
Unit-24: Group 17 elements– General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence. – Trends in physical and chemical properties. – Compounds of halogens: preparation, properties, and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds, oxoacids of halogens (structures only).
Unit-25: Group 18 elements– General introduction, electronic configuration. – Occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.
Unit-26: d and f Block Elements– General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals. – General trends in properties of the first-row transition metals: metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, color, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. – Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4. – Lanthanoids: electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction. – Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states.
Unit-27: Coordination Compounds– Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, color, magnetic properties, and shapes. – IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. – Bonding; isomerism. – Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals, and biological systems).
Unit-28: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes– Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. – Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only). – Uses and environmental effects of various compounds.
Unit-29: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers– Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of dehydration, uses of methanol and ethanol. – Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols. – Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses.
Unit-30: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids– Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes, uses. – Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses.
Unit-31: Organic compounds containing Nitrogen– Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines. – Cyanides and Isocyanides. – Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions, and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
Unit-32: Biomolecules– Carbohydrates: Classification, monosaccharides, oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, importance. – Proteins: α-amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, structure of amines, denaturation of proteins, enzymes. – Vitamins: Classification and functions. – Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA.
Unit-33: Polymers– Classification: natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. – Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polythene, nylon, polyesters, Bakelite, rubber.
Unit-34: Environmental Chemistry– Environmental pollution: air, water, and soil pollution, chemical reactions in the atmosphere, smog, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain, ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming. – Pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution.
Unit-35: Chemistry in Everyday life– Classification: natural and synthetic, polymerisation methods (addition and condensation), copolymerization. – Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polythene, nylon, polyesters, Bakelite, rubber.

Which are the most important topics of Physics in the ICAR AIEEA exam?

Important topics in Physics for ICAR AIEEA include Introduction and Measurement, Laws of Motion, Work, Energy and Power, Optics, Electromagnetic Induction, Gravitation, Heat and Thermodynamics, Oscillations and Waves, Current Electricity, and Mechanics of Solids and Fluids.

Which are the most important topics of Chemistry in the ICAR AIEEA exam?

Important topics in Chemistry for ICAR AIEEA include Mole concept, Electrochemistry, Chemical kinetics, Rate of reactions, Henry’s Law, Colligative properties, Vant Hoff factor, Dalton’s law of partial pressure, Aromatic compounds, Hydrocarbons, Basic reactions of Haloalkanes and Haloarenes, Aldol condensation, Important reactions of alcohol, phenol, and ether, Transition elements, p-block compounds, Alkali and alkaline earth metals.

Which are the most important topics of Mathematics in the ICAR AIEEA exam?

Important topics in Mathematics for ICAR AIEEA include Sets, Relations, Functions, Permutations, and Combinations; statistics and Probability, Functions, Limits, and Continuity; trigonometric functions, Lines and family of lines; matrices and determinants; circles and family of circles; differentiation, Differential equations, Indefinite integrals, Definite integrals.

AIEEA ICAR 2024 Biology (Botany and Zoology) Syllabus

The AIEEA ICAR Biology (Botany and Zoology) Syllabus is a holistic study program that covers crucial aspects of plant and animal biology, providing a foundation for understanding and applying biological concepts in agriculture and related fields.

UnitTopics
Unit 1: The Living World– Nature and scope of Biology. – Methods of Biology. – Our place in the universe. – Laws that govern the universe and life. – Level of organization. – Cause and effect relationship. – Being alive: What does it mean? – Present approaches to understand life processes. – Molecular approach. – Life as an expression of energy. – Steady state and homeostasis. – Self-duplication and survival. – Adaptation. – Death as a positive part of life. – Origin of life and its maintenance. – Origin and diversity of life. – Physical and chemical principles that maintain life processes. – The living crust and interdependence. – The positive and negative aspects of progress in biological sciences. – The future of the living world. – Identification of human responsibility in shaping our future.
Unit 2: Unit of Life– Cell as a unit of life. – Small biomolecules: water, minerals, mono and oligosaccharides, lipids, amino acids, nucleotides, and their chemistry, cellular location, and function. – Macromolecules in cells: their chemistry, cellular location, and functional significance. – Polysaccharides, proteins, and nucleic acids. – Enzymes: chemical nature, classification, mechanism in action, enzyme complex, allosteric modulation (brief), irreversible activation. – Biomembranes: The fluid mosaic model of membrane, role in transport, recognition of external information (brief). – Structural organization of the cell: light and electron microscopic views of the cell, its organelles and their functions, nucleus, mitochondria, chloroplasts, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex, lysosomes, microtubules, cell wall, cilia and flagella, vacuoles, cell inclusions. – A general account of cellular respiration. – Fermentation. – Biological oxidation (A cycle outline). – Mitochondrial electron transport chain. – High-energy bonds and oxidative phosphorylation. – Cell reproduction: Process of mitosis and meiosis.
Unit 3: Diversity of Life– Cell as a unit of life. – Small biomolecules: water, minerals, mono and oligosaccharides, lipids, amino acids, nucleotides, and their chemistry, cellular location, and function. – Macromolecules in cells: their chemistry, cellular location, and functional significance. – Polysaccharides, proteins, and nucleic acids. – Enzymes: chemical nature, classification, mechanism in action, enzyme complex, allosteric modulation (brief), irreversible activation. – Biomembranes: The fluid mosaic model of membrane, role in transport, recognition of external information (brief). – Structural organization of the cell: light and electron microscopic views of cell, its organelles and their functions, nucleus, mitochondria, chloroplasts, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex, lysosomes, microtubules, cell wall, cilia and flagella, vacuoles, cell inclusions. – A general account of cellular respiration. – Fermentation. – Biological oxidation (A cycle outline). – Mitochondrial electron transport chain. – High-energy bonds and oxidative phosphorylation. – Cell reproduction: Process of mitosis and meiosis.
Unit 4: Organisms and Environment– Species: Origin and concept of species population. – Interaction between environment and population community. – Biotic community. – Interaction between different species. – Biotic stability. – Changes in the community. – Succession. – Ecosystem. – Interaction between biotic and abiotic components. – Major ecosystems. – Manmade ecosystems: Agroecosystem. – Biosphere. – Flow of energy. – Trapping of solar energy. – Energy pathways. – Food chain. – Food web. – Biogeochemical cycles. – Calcium and sulfur cycles. – Ecological imbalance and its consequences. – Conservation of natural resources. – Renewable and non-renewable resources (in brief). – Water and land management. – Wasteland development. – Wildlife and forest conservation. – Causes for the extinction of some wildlife. – Steps taken to conserve the remaining species. – Concept of endangered species. – Indian examples. – Conservation of forests. – Indian forests. – Importance of forests. – Hazards of deforestation. – Concept of afforestation. – Environmental pollution. – Air and water pollution. – Sources. – Major pollutants of big cities in our country. – Effects and methods of control. – Pollution due to nuclear fallout and waste disposal. – Effects and control. – Noise pollution. – Sources and effects.
Unit 5: Multicellularity: Structure and Function – Plant Life– Form and function. – Tissue system in flowering plants. – Meristematic and permanent tissues. – Mineral nutrition. – Essential elements. – Major functions of different elements. – Passive and active uptake of minerals. – Modes of nutrition. – Transport of solutes and water in plants. – Photosynthesis. – Photochemical and biosynthetic phases. – Diversity in photosynthetic pathways. – Photosynthetic electron transport and photophosphorylation. – Photorespiration. – Transpiration and exchange of gases. – Stomatal mechanism. – Osmoregulation in plants. – Water relations in plant cells. – Water potential. – Reproduction and development in Angiosperms. – Asexual and sexual reproduction. – Structure and functions of the flower. – Development of male and female gametophytes in angiosperms. – Pollination. – Fertilization. – Development of endosperm, embryo, seed, and fruit. – Differentiation and organ formation. – Plant hormones and growth regulation. – Action of plant hormones in relation to seed dormancy and germination. – Apical dominance. – Senescence and abscission. – Applications of synthetic growth regulators. – A brief account of growth and movement in plants.
Unit 6: Multicellularity: Structure and Function – Animal Life– Animal tissues. – Epithelial, connective, muscular, nerve tissues. – Animal nutrition. – Organs of digestion and digestive processes. – Nutritional requirements for carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals, and vitamins. – Nutritional imbalances and deficiency diseases. – Gas exchange and transport. – Pulmonary gas exchange and involved organs. – Transport of gases in blood. – Gas exchange in aqueous media. – Circulation. – Closed and open vascular systems. – Structure and pumping action of the heart. – Arterial blood pressure. – Lymph. – Excretion and osmoregulation. – Ammonotelism. – Ureotelism. – Urecotelism. – Excretion of water and urea with special reference to man. – Role of the kidney in regulation of plasma osmolarity. – Nephron structure. – Skin and lungs in excretion. – Hormonal coordination. – Hormones of mammals. – Role of hormones as messengers and regulators. – Nervous coordination. – Central, autonomic, and peripheral nervous systems. – Receptors. – Effectors. – Reflex action. – Basic physiology of special senses. – Integrative control by neuroendocrine systems. – Locomotion. – Joints. – Muscle movements. – Types of skeletal muscles according to types of movement. – Basic aspects of the human skeleton. – Reproduction. – Human reproduction. – Female reproductive cycles. – Embryonic development in mammals (up to three germ layers). – Growth, repair, and aging.
Unit 7: Continuity of Life– Heredity and variation. – Introduction. – Mendel’s experiments with peas and concepts of factors. – Mendel’s laws of inheritance. – Genes: Packaging of heredity material in prokaryotes (bacterial chromosome and plasmid) and eukaryote chromosomes. – Extranuclear genes. – Viral genes. – Linkage (genetic) maps. – Sex determination and sex linkage. – Genetic material and its replication. – Gene manipulation. – Gene expression. – Genetic code. – Transcription. – Translation. – Gene regulation. – Molecular basis of differentiation.
Unit 8: Origin and Evolution of Life– Origin of life. – Living and non-living. – Chemical evolution. – Organic evolution. – Oparin’s ideas. – Miller-Urey experiments. – Interrelationship among living organisms and evidences of evolution. – Fossil records including geological scale. – Morphological evidence. – Hematology. – Vestigial organs. – Embryological similarities. – Biogeographical evidence. – Darwin’s two major contributions. – Common origin of living organisms and recombination as a source of variability. – Selection and variation. – Adaptation. – Reproductive isolation. – Speciation. – Role of selection, change, and drift in determining the composition of populations. – Selected examples: industrial melanism, drug resistance, mimicry, malaria in relation to G-6-PD deficiency, and sickle cell disease. – Human evolution: Palaeontological evidence. – Man’s place among mammals. – Brief idea of Dryopithecus, Australopithecus, Homo erectus, H. neanderthalensis, Cro-Magnon man, and Homo sapiens. – Human chromosomes. – Similarity in different racial groups. – Comparison with chromosomes of non-human primates to indicate common origin. – Cultural vs. biological evolution. – Mutation. – Origin and types of mutation. – Their role in speciation.
Unit 9: Application of Biology– Introduction. – Role of biology in amelioration of human problems. – Domestication of plants: a historical account. – Improvement of crop plants. – Principles of plant breeding and plant introduction. – Use of fertilizers: their economic and ecological aspects. – Use of pesticides: advantages and hazards. – Biological methods of pest control. – Crops today. – Current concerns. – Gene pools and genetic conservation. – Underutilized crops with potential uses. – Biofertilizers. – Green manure. – Crop residues. – Nitrogen fixation (symbiotic, non-symbiotic). – Applications of tissue culture and genetic engineering in crops. – Domestication and introduction of animals. – Livestock, poultry, fisheries. – Improvement of animals: principles of animal breeding. – Major animal diseases and their control. – Insects and their products. – Silk, honey, wax, and lac. – Bioenergy: biomass, wood, cow dung cakes, gobar gas, plants as sources of hydrocarbons. – Biotechnology: application in health and agriculture, genetically modified (GM) organisms, bio-safety issues. – Historical account: manufacture of cheese, yogurt, alcohol, yeast, vitamins, organic acids, antibiotics, steroids, dextrins. – Scaling up laboratory findings to industrial production. – Sewage treatment. – Production of insulin, human growth hormones, interferon. – Communicable diseases including STD and diseases spread through blood transfusion. – Immune response, vaccines, and antisera. – Allergies and inflammation. – Inherited diseases and dysfunctions. – Sex-linked diseases. – Genetic incompatibilities. – Genetic counseling. – Cancer: major types, causes, diagnosis, and treatment. – Tissue and organ transplantation. – Community health services and measures. – Blood banks. – Mental health. – Smoking, alcoholism, and drug addiction: physiological symptoms and control measures. – Industrial wastes, toxicology, pollution-related diseases. – Biomedical engineering: spare parts for man, instruments for diagnosis of diseases and care. – Human population-related diseases. – Human population: growth, problems, and control. – Inequality between sexes. – Control measures. – Test-tube babies, amniocentesis. – Future of Biology.

AIEEA ICAR 2024 Mathematics Syllabus

The AIEEA ICAR Mathematics Syllabus is a meticulously structured curriculum that covers fundamental mathematical concepts and techniques relevant to agricultural sciences. This syllabus equips candidates with the quantitative skills necessary for success in agriculture-related fields.

UnitTopics
Unit 1: Sets and Functions1. Sets: Sets and their representations. Empty set. Finite & Infinite sets. Equal sets. Subsets, Subsets of the set of real numbers especially intervals (with notations). Power set. Universal set. Venn diagrams. Union and Intersection of sets. Difference of sets. Complement of a set.
2. Relations & Functions: Ordered pairs, Cartesian product of sets. Number of elements in the cartesian product of two finite sets. Cartesian product of the reals with itself (upto R x R x R). Definition of relation, Types of relations: reflexive, symmetric, transitive and equivalence relations. One to one and onto functions, composite functions, inverse of a function. Binary operations, Pictorial representation of a function, domain. Co-domain and range of a relation. Function as a special kind of relation from one set to another. Real valued function of the real variable, domain and range of these functions, constant, identity, polynomial, rational, modulus, signum and greatest integer functions with their graphs. Sum, difference, product and quotients of functions.
3. Trigonometric Functions: Positive and negative angles. Measuring angles in radians & in degrees and conversion from one measure to another. Definition of trigonometric functions with the help of unit circle. Truth of the identity sin2x + cos2x=1, for all x. Signs of trigonometric functions and sketch of their graphs. Expressing sin (x+y) and cos (x+y) in terms of sinx, siny, cosx&cosy.
Deducing the following: Identities related to sin2x, cos2x, tan2x, sin3x, cos3x and tan3x. General solution of trigonometric equations of the type sin è ?= sin á, cos è ?= cos á ?and tan è ?= tan á. Inverse Trigonometric Functions: Definition, range, domain, principal value branches. Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions. Elementary properties of inverse trigonometric functions. Properties of triangles, including centroid, incentre, circum-centre and orthocentre, Solution of triangles. Heights and Distances.
Unit 2: Algebra1. Principle of Mathematical Induction: Processes of the proof by induction, motivating the application of the method by looking at natural numbers as the least inductive subset of real numbers. The principle of mathematical induction and simple applications.
2. Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations: There is a need for complex numbers, especially -1, to be motivated by the inability to solve every quadratic equation. Brief description of algebraic properties of complex numbers. Argand plane and polar representation of complex numbers. Statement of Fundamental Theorem of Algebra, solution of quadratic equations in the complex number system.
3. Linear Inequalities: Linear inequalities. Algebraic solutions of linear inequalities in one variable and their representation on the number line. Graphical solution of linear inequalities in two variables. Solution of system of linear inequalities in two variables- graphically.
4. Permutations & Combinations: Fundamental principle of counting. Factorial n. (n!). Permutations and combinations, derivation of formulae and their connections, simple applications.
5. Binomial Theorem: History, statement and proof of the binomial theorem for positive integral indices. Pascal’s triangle, General and middle term in binomial expansion, simple applications.
6. Sequence and Series: Sequence and Series. Arithmetic progression (A. P.). Arithmetic mean (A.M.) Geometric progression (G.P.), general term of a G.P., sum of n terms of a G.P., geometric mean (G.M.), the relation between A.M. and G.M. Sum to n terms of the special series Ón, Ón2 and Ón3.
7. Matrices: Concept, notation, order, equality, types of matrices, zero matrix, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices. Addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication of matrices, simple properties of addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication. Non-commutativity of multiplication of matrices and existence of non-zero matrices whose product is the zero matrix (restricted to square matrices of order 2). Concept of elementary row and column operations. Invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse, if it exists.
8. Determinants: Determinants of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), properties of determinants, minors, cofactors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix. Consistency, inconsistency and number of solutions of system of linear equations by examples, solving system of linear equations in two or three variables (having unique solution) using the inverse of a matrix.
Unit 3: Coordinate Geometry1. Straight Lines: Slope of a line and angle between two lines. Various equations of a line: parallel to axes, point-slope form, slope-intercept form, two-point form, intercepts form and normal form. General equation of a line. Distance of a point from a line.
2. Conic Sections: Sections of a cone: circle, ellipse, parabola, hyperbola, point, a straight line and pair of intersecting lines as a degenerated case of a conic section. Standard equations and simple properties of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Standard equation of a circle.
3. Introduction to Three-dimensional Geometry: Coordinate axes and coordinate planes in three dimensions. Coordinates of a point. Distance between two points and section formula.
Unit 4: Calculus1. Principle of Mathematical Induction: Processes of the proof by induction, motivating the application of the method by looking at natural numbers as the least inductive subset of real numbers. The principle of mathematical induction and simple applications.
2. Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations: There is a need for complex numbers, especially -1, to be motivated by the inability to solve every quadratic equation. Brief description of algebraic properties of complex numbers. Argand plane and polar representation of complex numbers. Statement of Fundamental Theorem of Algebra, solution of quadratic equations in the complex number system.
3. Linear Inequalities: Linear inequalities. Algebraic solutions of linear inequalities in one variable and their representation on the number line. Graphical solution of linear inequalities in two variables. Solution of a system of linear inequalities in two variables- graphically.
4. Permutations & Combinations: Fundamental principle of counting. Factorial n. (n!). Permutations and combinations, derivation of formulae and their connections, simple applications.
5. Binomial Theorem: History, statement and proof of the binomial theorem for positive integral indices. Pascal’s triangle, General and middle term in binomial expansion, simple applications.
6. Sequence and Series: Sequence and Series. Arithmetic progression (A. P.). Arithmetic mean (A.M.) Geometric progression (G.P.), general term of a G.P., sum of n terms of a G.P., geometric mean (G.M.), the relation between A.M. and G.M. Sum to n terms of the special series Ón, Ón2 and Ón3.
7. Matrices: Concept, notation, order, equality, types of matrices, zero matrices, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices. Addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication of matrices, simple properties of addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication. Non-commutativity of multiplication of matrices and existence of non-zero matrices whose product is the zero matrix (restricted to square matrices of order 2). Concept of elementary row and column operations. Invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse, if it exists.
8. Determinants: Determinants of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), properties of determinants, minors, cofactors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix. Consistency, inconsistency and number of solutions of system of linear equations by examples, solving system of linear equations in two or three variables (having unique solution) using the inverse of a matrix.
Unit 5: Vectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry1. Vectors: Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector. Direction cosines/ratios of vectors. Types of vectors (equal, unit, zero, parallel and collinear vectors), position vector of a point, negative of a vector, components of a vector, addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio. Scalar (dot) product of vectors, projection of a vector on a line. Vector (cross) product of vectors.
2. Three-dimensional Geometry: Direction cosines/ratios of a line joining two points. Cartesian and vector equation of a line, coplanar and skew lines, the shortest distance between two lines. Cartesian and vector equation of a plane. The angle between (i) two lines, (ii) two planes. (iii) a line and a plane. Distance of a point from a plane.
Unit 6: Linear ProgrammingMathematical Reasoning: Mathematically acceptable statements. Connecting words/ phrases – consolidating the understanding of “if and only if (necessary and sufficient) condition”, ““and/or”, “implied by”, “and”, “or”, “there exists” and their use through variety of examples related to real life and Mathematics. Validating the statements involving the connecting words, difference between contradiction, converse and contrapositive.
Unit 7: Mathematical ReasoningMathematical Reasoning: Mathematically acceptable statements. Connecting words/ phrases – consolidating the understanding of “if and only if (necessary and sufficient) condition”, ““and/or”, “implied by”, “and”, “or”, “there exists” and their use through variety of examples related to real life and Mathematics. Validating the statements involving the connecting words, the difference between contradiction, converse and contrapositive.
Unit 8: Statistics & Probability1. Statistics: Measures of central tendency, mean, median and mode from ungrouped/grouped data. Measures of dispersion, mean deviation, variance and standard deviation from ungrouped/grouped data. Correlation, regression lines.
2. Probability: Random experiments: outcomes, sample spaces (set representation). Events: occurrence of events, ‘not’, ‘and’ and ‘or’ events, exhaustive events, mutually exclusive events Axiomatic (set theoretic) probability, Probability of an event, probability of ‘not’, ‘and’ & ‘or’ events. Multiplication theorem on probability. Conditional probability, independent events, total probability, Bayes’ theorem, Random variable and its probability distribution, mean and variance of stochastic variable. Repeated independent (Bernoulli) trials and Binomial distribution.
Unit 9: StaticsIntroduction, basic concepts and basic laws of mechanics, force, resultant of forces acting at a point, parallelogram law of forces, resolved parts of a force, Equilibrium of a particle under three concurrent forces. Triangle law of forces and its converse, Lami’s theorem and its converse, Two Parallel forces, like and unlike parallel forces, couple and its moment.
Unit 10: DynamicsSpeed and velocity, average speed, instantaneous speed, acceleration and retardation, resultant of two velocities. Motion of a particle along a line, moving with constant acceleration. Motion under gravity. Laws of motion, Projectile motion.

AIEEA ICAR 2024 Agriculture Syllabus

The AIEEA ICAR Agriculture Syllabus is a carefully crafted curriculum that focuses on the vital aspects of agricultural sciences. It equips candidates with the knowledge and skills necessary to excel in the field of agriculture, covering a wide range of topics essential for success in this industry.

UnitTopics
Unit 1: Agrometeorology, Genetics and Plant Breeding, Biochemistry, and MicrobiologyAgrometeorology: Elements of Weather – rainfall, temperature, humidity, wind velocity, sunshine weather forecasting, climate change about crop production. Genetics & Plant Breeding: (a) Cell and its structure, cell division – mitosis and meiosis and their significance (b) Organisation of the genetic materials in chromosomes, DNA and RNA (c) Mendel’s laws of inheritance. Reasons for the success of Mendel in his experiments, Absence of linkage in Mendel’s experiments. (d) Quantitative inheritance, continuous and discontinuous variation in plants. (e) Monogenic and polygenic inheritance. (f) Role of Genetics in Plant breeding, self and cross-pollinated crops, methods of breeding in field crops – introduction, selection, hybridization, mutation, polyploidy, tissue and cell culture. (g) Plant Biotechnology – definition and scope in crop production. Biochemistry: pH and buffers, Classification and nomenclature of carbohydrates; proteins, lipids; vitamins and enzymes. Microbiology: Microbial cell structure, Micro-organisms – Algae, Bacteria, Fungi, Actinomycetes, Protozoa, and Viruses. Role of micro-organisms in respiration, fermentation, and organic matter decomposition.
Unit 2: Livestock ProductionScope and importance: (a) Importance of livestock in agriculture and industry, White revolution in India. (b) Important breeds Indian and exotic, distribution of cows, buffaloes, and poultry in India. Care and management: (a) Systems of cattle and poultry housing (b) Principles of feeding, feeding practices. (c) Balanced ration – definition and ingredients. (d) Management of calves, bullocks, pregnant and milch animals as well as chicks, cockrels, and layers, poultry. (e) Signs of sick animals, symptoms of common diseases in cattle and poultry, Rinderpest, black quarter, foot and mouth, mastitis, and haemorrhagic septicaemia, coccidiosis, Fowl pox, and Ranikhet disease, their prevention and control. Artificial Insemination: Reproductive organs, collection, dilution, and preservation of semen and artificial insemination, role of artificial insemination in cattle improvement. Livestock Products: Processing and marketing of milk and milk products.
Unit 3: Crop ProductionIntroduction: (a) Targets and achievements in foodgrain production in India since independence and its future projections, sustainable crop production, commercialization of agriculture and its scope in India. (b) Classification of field crops based on their utility – cereals, pulses, oilseeds, fiber, sugar, and forage crops. Soil, Soil fertility, Fertilizers, and Manures: (a) Soil, soil pH, Soil texture, soil structure, soil organisms, soil tilth, soil fertility, and soil health. (b) Essential plant nutrients, their functions, and deficiency symptoms. (c) Soil types of India and their characteristics. (d) Organic manure, common fertilizers including straight, complex, fertilizer mixtures, and biofertilizers; integrated nutrient management system. Irrigation and Drainage: (a) Sources of irrigation (rain, canals, tanks, rivers, wells, tubewells). (b) Scheduling of irrigation based on critical stages of growth, time interval, soil moisture content, and weather parameters. (c) Water requirement of crops. (d) Methods of irrigation and drainage. (e) Watershed management. Weed Control: Principles of weed control, methods of weed control (cultural, mechanical, chemical, biological, and Integrated weed management). Crops: Seed bed preparation, seed treatment, time and method of sowing/planting, seed rate; dose, method, and time of fertilizer application, irrigation, interculture and weed control; common pests and diseases, caused by bacteria, fungi, virus, and nematode and their control, integrated pest management, harvesting, threshing, post-harvest technology: storage, processing, and marketing of major field crops – Rice, wheat, maize, sorghum, pearl millet, groundnut, mustard, pigeon-pea, gram, sugarcane, cotton, and berseem.
Unit 4: Horticulture(a) Importance of fruits and vegetables in human diet, Crop diversification & processing Industry. (b) Orchard location and layout, ornamental gardening and kitchen garden. (c) Planting system, training, pruning, intercropping, protection from frost and sunburn. (d) Trees, shrubs, climbers, annuals, perennials – definition and examples. Propagation by seed, cutting, budding, layering, and grafting. (e) Cultivation practices, processing, and marketing of: (i) Fruits – mango, papaya, banana, guava, citrus, grapes. (ii) Vegetables – Radish, carrot, potato, onion, cauliflower, brinjal, tomato, spinach, and cabbage. (iii) Flowers – Gladiolus, canna, chrysanthemums, roses, and marigold. (f) Principles and methods of fruit and vegetable preservation. (g) Preparation of jellies, jams, ketchup, chips, and their packing.

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Exam Pattern

Preparation Tips

Which are the most important topics of Biology in the ICAR AIEEA exam?

Important topics in Biology for ICAR AIEEA include the Structure and function of plants, the Structure and function of animals, Unit of life, Diversity of life, Organisms, and environment, Continuity of life, Origin and evolution of life, and Application of Biology.

Which are the most important topics of Agriculture in the ICAR AIEEA exam?

Important topics in Agriculture for ICAR AIEEA include Agrometeorology, Horticulture, Microbiology, Genetics and plant breeding, Crop production, Biochemistry, and Livestock production.

ICAR AIEEA 2024 Exam Pattern

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research All India Entrance Examination for Admission (ICAR AIEEA) is a highly competitive examination that is the gateway for aspirants seeking admission to various undergraduate programs in agriculture and allied sciences across India. To excel in this examination, understanding the exam pattern is crucial. The ICAR AIEEA exam pattern is designed to assess the candidate’s knowledge and aptitude in subjects related to agriculture and its allied fields. It typically includes multiple-choice questions, and a comprehensive understanding of the pattern is essential for candidates to perform well and secure admission to their desired programs.

ICAR AIEEA UG Exam Pattern
ParticularsDetails
Exam ModeOnline (Computer based)
LanguageEnglish and Hindi
Types of QuestionsMultiple choice questions (MCQs)
Total Number of Questions150
Duration of Exam150 minutes
Total Sections3
Marking SchemeCorrect answer: +4
Incorrect answer: -1
Total Marks600 marks
ICAR AIEEA PG Exam Pattern
ParticularsDetails
Exam ModeOnline (Computer based)
LanguageEnglish
Types of Questions120 MCQs and 10 cross-matching type questions
Duration of Exam120 minutes
Marking SchemeCorrect answer: +4
Incorrect answer: -1
Total Marks480 marks

ICAR AIEEA Syllabus for PG Programmes

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research All India Entrance Examination for Admission (ICAR AIEEA) Syllabus for PG Programmes provides a comprehensive framework for postgraduate agricultural education in India. This syllabus encompasses a wide range of subjects related to agriculture, including crop production, entomology, agronomy, statistical sciences, and social sciences. It ensures that aspiring candidates have a strong foundation in essential topics like crop cultivation, pest management, agronomy principles, statistical analysis, and socio-economic aspects of agriculture. The ICAR AIEEA PG Syllabus is designed to assess the knowledge and skills required for advanced studies in agriculture and allied sciences, preparing candidates for successful careers.

ICAR Syllabus for Plant Biotechnology

UnitTopics
Unit I: Basic Principles of Agriculture– Importance of agriculture in the national economy – Basic principles of crop production – Cultivation of various crops: rice, wheat, chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato, and mango – Major soils of India and their characteristics – Role of NPK (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium) and deficiency symptoms – General structure and function of cell organelles – Mitosis and meiosis in cell division – Mendelian genetics and inheritance – Elementary knowledge of growth, development, photosynthesis, respiration, and transpiration in plants – Elements of economic botany – General structure and function of carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes, and vitamins – Major pests and diseases of crops and their management – Organic farming, bio-fertilizers, and bio-pesticides – Recombinant DNA technology and transgenic crops – Important rural development programs in India – Organizational set up of agricultural research, education, and extension in India – Elements of statistics
Unit II: Biochemistry in Agriculture– Importance of biochemistry in agriculture – Acid-base concept and buffers – pH and its significance – Classification, structure, and metabolic functions of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins – Structure and function of nucleic acids – Enzymes: structure, nomenclature, mechanism of action; vitamins and minerals as coenzymes and cofactors – Metabolic pathways: glycolysis, TCA cycle, fatty acid oxidation, triglyceride biosynthesis – Electron transport chain and ATP formation – Photosynthesis and its pathways: C-3, C-4, and CAM – Nitrate assimilation and biological nitrogen fixation – Colorimetric and chromatographic techniques
Unit III: Biotechnology and Genetics– Characteristics of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms – Differences between fungi, bacteria, mycoplasms, and viruses – Physical and chemical basis of heredity – Chromosome structure and organization – DNA replication, transcription, and translation – Genetic code and operon concept – Genetic engineering: restriction enzymes, vectors, gene cloning, gene transfer – Plant cell and tissue culture, micro-propagation, and somaclonal variation – Transformation, recombination, and heterosis – General applications of biotechnology – Molecular and immunological techniques – Concept of bioinformatics, genomics, and proteomics
Unit IV: Plant and Crop Physiology– Importance of plant physiology in agriculture – Seed germination, viability, and vigour – Photosynthesis: significance of C-3, C-4, and CAM pathways; photorespiration – Translocation of assimilates, dry matter partitioning, and harvest index of crops – Growth and development; growth analysis; crop-water relationship – Plant nutrients and their functions – Phytohormones and their physiological role – Photo-periodism, vernalization, and pollination/fertilization in flowering plants – Post-harvest physiology and its significance

ICAR Syllabus for Plant Sciences

UnitTopics
Unit I: Basic Principles of Agriculture– Importance of agriculture in the national economy – Basic principles of crop production – Cultivation of various crops: rice, wheat, chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato, potato, and mango – Major soils of India and their characteristics – Role of NPK (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium) and deficiency symptoms
Unit II: Cell Biology, Genetics, and Crop Physiology– Structure and function of cell organelles – Mitosis and meiosis in cell division – Mendelian genetics and inheritance – Elementary knowledge of photosynthesis, respiration, and transpiration in plants – Structure and functions of carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes, and vitamins – Major pests and diseases of crops and their management
Unit III: Microbiology, Genetics, and Plant Pathology– Characteristics of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms – Differences between fungi, bacteria, mycoplasmas, and viruses – Physical and chemical basis of heredity – Chromosome structure and organization – Genes/operon concept and protein biosynthesis – Transformation, recombination, and Heterosis – Elements of economic botany – Integrated diseases management – Sterilization, disinfection, and pasteurization – Koch’s postulates and etiological agents of plant diseases – pH, buffer, vitamins, and role of plant hormones in seed germination and dormancy – Pollination/fertilization in flowering plants – Methods of seed testing – Breeders, foundation, and certified seeds – Seed production in self and cross-pollinated crops – Nitrate assimilation and biological nitrogen fixation – Uses of microorganisms in agriculture
Unit IV: Food Science, Rural Development, and Agricultural Organization– Food and industry – Composting and biogas production – Important rural development programs in India – Organizational set up of agricultural research, education, and extension in India

ICAR Syllabus for Physical Science

UnitTopics
Unit I: Agriculture and Crop Production– Importance of Agriculture in the national perspective – Basic principles of crop production and diversification – Nutrient and water management principles – Package of practices for various crops: rice, wheat, sorghum, maize, chickpea, pigeon pea, potato, sugarcane, groundnut, and major vegetable crops – Role of essential plant nutrients, deficiency symptoms, and management options – Structure and function of plant cells, cell division – Basic concepts of plant physiology related to crop production – Biochemical compounds in plants: carbohydrates, proteins, enzymes, fats, vitamins, and their functions – Developmental programs for rural upliftment and livelihood security – Organizational setup of agricultural education, research, and extension – Future strategies for agricultural upgradation
Unit II: Analytical Chemistry and Organic Compounds– Volumetric and gravimetric analysis, complexometric methods – Periodic classification of elements – Basic principles of instrumental analysis, including spectro-photometry (Absorption and emission spectrography) – Atomic structure and elementary concepts of radioactivity – Elements and compounds, common ion effect, solubility product, hydrolysis of salts, buffer solutions, equivalent weights, and standard solutions – Organic compounds: nomenclature and classifications, including hydrocarbons, alcohol, aldehydes, acids, esters, carbohydrates, fats, lipids, amino acids, and nucleic acids – Pesticides: classification and uses; biopesticides and botanical pesticides
Unit III: Soil Science and Environmental Chemistry– Soil as a medium for plant growth – Composition of the Earth’s crust and weathering of rocks and minerals – Components of soil, soil profile, and soil particles – Soil physical properties: density, porosity, texture, soil structure, and rheological properties – Soil air, aeration, and soil temperature – Soil water, soil-water-energy relationship, classifications, and movement in soil – Soil colloids, properties, clay minerals, cation exchange capacity, and anion exchange capacity – Problem soils: acid, saline, sodic, and acid sulphate soils – Irrigation, water quality, waterlogged soils, and soil surveys – Remote sensing, GIS, GPS, and radioisotopes in agriculture – Soil micro-organisms, organic matter, and soil erosion – Fertilizers, manures, soil and water pollution
Unit IV: Plant Nutrition and Soil Management– Essential plant nutrients, criteria of essentiality, functions, and mechanisms of uptake in soils and plants – Forms of nutrients in soils and deficiency symptoms – Luxury consumption, nutrient interactions, and chelated micronutrients – Soil fertility, evaluation and management – Soil testing and fertilizer recommendations – Soil classifications, soil survey, and land capability classifications – Remote sensing, SIS, GIS, and GPS in agriculture – Radioisotopes and their uses in agriculture – Soil micro-organisms, organic matter, and soil erosion control – Fertilizers, manures, recycling of organic wastes, and composting – Soil and water pollution, sources, pollutants, and management

ICAR PG Syllabus for Entomology and Nematology

Unit I: Crop Production and ManagementUnit II: Classification and Insect Pest Management
– Importance of Agriculture in the national economy– Classification of animal kingdom up to class
– Basic principles of crop production– Distinguishing characters up to orders in class Insecta
– Cultivation of various crops: rice, wheat, chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato, cole crops, mango, grapes, banana, oilseeds other than groundnut, soybean, and mustard– General organization of an insect’s external morphology
– Major soils of India, role of NPK, and their deficiency symptoms– Special reference to lepidopteran larvae, coleopteran adults, and honeybee
– Mendelian genetics– Metamorphosis and moulting in insects
– Elementary knowledge of photosynthesis, respiration, and transpiration– Different physiological systems in insects
– Major cropping systems (rice-wheat cropping, crop rotations, mixed cropping)– Insect-plant relationship
– Soil degradation-soil salinity and acidity and management– Insect pests of agricultural and horticultural crops, and their stored/processed products
– Aspects of post-harvest technology– Identification, biology, nature of damage, and management tactics of insect pests
– Varietal improvement– Insect vectors of plant diseases
– Importance of Heterosis in crop production– Pests of household, medical, and veterinary importance and their control
– Crop protection principles in field and storage– Useful and beneficial insects like honeybee, lac insect, silkworm, and pollinators
– Major insect pests and diseases of crops like rice, cotton, and pulses– Nematode taxonomy
– Oilseed crops like groundnut, soybean, and mustard– Biology of important plant parasitic nematodes
– Vegetables like tomato and cole crops– Control methods of plant parasitic nematodes
– Fruit crops like mango and banana– Entomopathogenic nematodes
– Transgenic crops– Basic principles of insect and nematode pest management-cultural, biological, insecticidal, quarantine, and regulatory aspects
– Important rural development programs in India– Insecticide classification and insecticide resistance management
– Organizational setup of agricultural research, education, and extension in India– Insect-protective transgenic crops
– Elements of statistics

Which books are considered best for ICAR AIEEA UG 2024 preparation?

Some recommended books for ICAR AIEEA UG 2024 preparation include “ICAR AIEEA UG Exam Guide” by R Gupta, “ICAR Syllabi (BSc Agriculture)” by Dr. Rajeev Bairathi and RK Gupta, “ICAR Exam” by Edugorilla, “BSc Agriculture Entrance Exam” by Dr. Lalita Gaur, “General Agriculture for ICAR” by Jain Brothers, and “BSc Agriculture Entrance Exam 2022” by Arihant.

What is the exam pattern of the ICAR AIEEA UG 2023 exam?

The ICAR AIEEA UG 2024 exam offers Stream A and Stream B, depending on the subjects chosen in Class 11. Each stream consists of 150 multiple-choice questions, with 50 questions for each subject.

How much time is given to complete the ICAR AIEEA exam?

The ICAR AIEEA UG exam lasts 2 hours and 30 minutes (150 minutes).

ICAR AIEEA 2024 Section-Wise Marks Weightage

The ICAR AIEEA 2024 examination significantly emphasizes section-wise mark weightage, a crucial factor determining a candidate’s performance. Understanding this distribution is essential for aspirants to excel in this highly competitive test.

ICAR AIEEA UG Exam Section-wise Weightage and Details
SectionTestMaximum MarksNumber of QuestionsDuration
PhysicsICAR AIEEA (UG)600502½ hours (150 minutes)
ChemistryICAR AIEEA (UG)50
Biology/AgricultureICAR AIEEA (UG)50
TotalICAR AIEEA (UG)150
ICAR AIEEA PG Exam Section-wise Weightage and Details
SectionTestMaximum MarksNumber of QuestionsDuration
Major SubjectICAR AIEEA (PG)4801202 hours (120 minutes)
Cross-Matching TypeICAR AIEEA (PG)10
TotalICAR AIEEA (PG)130

ICAR PG Syllabus for Agronomy

UNIT-I: General: Importance of Agriculture in national economy; basic principles of crop production; cultivation of rice,  wheat, chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, rapeseed and mustard, potato. Major soils of India, role of NPK and their deficiency symptoms. Structure and function of cell organelles; mitosis and meiosis; Mendelian  genetics: elementary knowledge of photosynthesis; respiration, photorespiration and transpiration; structure and functions of carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and vitamins. Major pests and diseases of rice, wheat, cotton, chickpea, sugarcane and their management. Important rural development programmes in India; organisational set up of agricultural research, education and extension in India; Elements of statistics. 

UNIT-II: Principles of Agronomy, Crop ecology and geography and Agricultural Meteorology: Agronomy –meaning and  scope, National & International agricultural research institutes in India, Agro climatic zones of India, Tillage, crop stand establishment and planting geometry and their effect on crop, Physiological limits of crop yield and variability in relation to ecological optima, organic farming, Precision farming, Integrated farming systems, Principles of field experimentation. Principles of crop ecology and crop adaptation, climate shift and its ecological implications, Agro-ecological regions in India, Geographical distribution of crop plants, Greenhouse effect, Climatic factors and their effect on plant processes and crop productivity, Role of GIS and GPS in agriculture. Weather & climate, Earth’s atmosphere, Solar radiation, Atmospheric temperature and global warming. Crops and atmospheric humidity,Weather forecasting. 

UNIT-III: Field crops: Origin, distribution, economic importance, soil and climatic requirement, varieties, cultural practices and yield of cereals ( rice, wheat, maize, sorghum, pearl millet, minor millets, barley), pulses (chickpea, lentil, peas, Pigeon pea, mungbean, urdbean), oilseeds (groundnut, sesame, soybean, rapeseed & mustard, sunflower, safflower, linseed), fibre crops (cotton, jute, sun hemp), sugar crops(sugarcane), fodder & forage crops (sorghum, maize, napier, berseem, Lucerne, oats), medicinal & aromatic plants (menthe, lemon grass and isabgol) and commercial crops(potato, tobacco). 

UNIT-IV: Weed management: Principles of weed management, Classification, biology and ecology of weeds, crop weed competition and allelopathy, concepts and methods of weed control, Integrated weed management, Classification, formulations, selectivity and resistance of herbicides, Herbicide persistence in soil and plants,  Application methods and equipment, Weed flora shifts in cropping systems, Special and problematic weeds and their management in cropped and non-cropped situations, Weed management in field crops. 

UNIT-V: Water management: Principles of irrigation, Water resources and irrigation development in India, Water and  irrigation requirements, Concepts and approaches of irrigation scheduling, Methods of irrigation, Measurement of irrigation water, application, distribution and use efficiencies, Conjunctive use of water, Irrigation water quality and its management, water management in major field, crops (rice, wheat, maize, groundnut, sugarcane) Agricultural drainage. 

UNIT-VI: Soil fertility and fertilizer use: Essential plant nutrients and their deficiency symptoms, concept of essentiality of plant nutrients, Indicators of soil fertility and productivity, Fertilizer materials and their availability to plants, slow release fertilizers, Nitrification inhibitors, Principles and methods of fertilizer application, Integrated nutrient  management, site specific nutrient management. 

UNIT-VII: Dryland Agronomy: Characteristics of Dryland farming and delineation of Dryland tracts, constraints of Dryland  farming in India, Types of drought and their management, contingency crop planning and mid- season corrections for aberrant weather and its recycling. Watershed management. 

UNIT-VIII: Problem soils : Problem soils and their distribution in India, Characteristics and reclamation of these soils, Crop production techniques in problem soils. 

UNIT-IX: Sustainable land use systems: Sustainable agriculture: parameters and indicators, Conservation agriculture, safe disposal of agri-industrial waste for crop production, Agro-forestry systems, shifting cultivation, Alternate land use systems, Wastelands and their remediation for crop production. 

ICAR PG Syllabus for Social Sciences

UNIT-I: Importance of Agriculture in national economy; basic principles of crop production; cultivation of rice, wheat,  chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato and mango. Major soils of India, role of NPK and their  deficiency symptoms. Structure and function of cell organelles, mitosis and meiosis; Mendelian genetics;  elementary knowledge of photosynthesis; respiration, and transpiration; structure and functions of carbohydrates,  proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and vitamins. Major pests and diseases of rice, wheat, cotton, chickpea,  sugarcane and their management. Important rural development programmes in India; organisational set up of  agricultural research, education and extension in India; Elements of statistics. Measures of central tendency and dispersion, regression and correlation; concept of probability, sampling techniques and tests of significance. 

UNIT-II: Theory of consumer behaviour, theory of demand, elasticity of demand, indifference curve analysis,  theory of firm, cost curves, theory of supply, price determination, market classification, concept of  macroeconomics, money and banking, national income. Agricultural marketing—role, practice, institutions,  problems and reforms, role of capital and credit in agriculture, crop insurance, credit institutions,  cooperatives, capital formation in agriculture, agrarian reforms, globalization, WTO & its impact on Indian  agriculture. 

UNIT-III: Basic principles of farm management, concept of farming system and economics of farming systems, agricultural  production economics-scope and analysis, factor-product relationship, marginal cost and marginal revenue, farm planning and budgeting, Agricultural finance: nature and scope. Time value of money, Compounding and  discounting. Agricultural credit: meaning, definition, need, classification. Credit analysis: 4R’s, 5C’s and 7 P’s of credit, repayment plans. History of financing agriculture in India. Commercial banks, nationalization of  commercial banks. Lead bank scheme, regional rural banks, scale of finance. Higher financing agencies, RBI,  NABARD, AFC, Asian Development Bank, World Bank, role of capital and credit in agriculture; credit institutions, co operatives and agrarian reforms in India. 

UNIT-IV: Extension Education- concept, meaning, principles, philosophy, scope and importance; Extension programme planning and evaluation- steps and principles, models of organizing agricultural extension; historical extension development in USA, Japan and India. Rural development, meaning, importance and problems; Rural development Programmes in India- Pre-independence era to recent ones; Extension teaching methods, definition and concept of sociology, differences between rural & urban communities, social stratification., social groups, social organization and social change. Rural leadership, educational psychology- learning and teaching, role of personality in agricultural extension Indian rural system- its characteristics; value system, cost and class;  structure and customs; rural group organization and adult education. 

UNIT-V: Communication, principles, concepts, process, elements and barriers in teaching methods. Different kinds of communication methods and media and AV aids/materials. Media mix, Campaign, Cyber extension- internet,  cybercafé, Kisan Call Centers, teleconferencing, agriculture journalism, diffusion and adoption of innovations adopter categories, capacity building of extension personnel and farmers- training to farmers, women and rural youth.

ICAR PG Syllabus for Statistical Sciences

UNIT-I: Agriculture: Importance of agriculture/Forestry/Livestock in the national economy. Basic principles of crop production. Major diseases and pests of crops. Elementary principles of economics and agri-extension. Important rural development programmes in India. The organizational set-up of agricultural research, education and extension in India. 

UNIT-II: Mathematics: Real and complex numbers; polynomial and roots; de Moivre’s theorem and its applications. 

Elements of set theory- De Morgan’s laws; vector space, linear independence, orthogonality; matrices- addition and multiplication, rank of a matrix, determinants, inverse of a matrix, solution of a system of linear equations,  characteristic roots and vectors; convergence of infinite sequences and infinite series- tests for convergence,  absolute convergence; coordinate geometry in two dimensions – line, circle, parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. 

Differential calculus: limits, differentiation of function of a single variable; Taylor’s and Maclaurin’s theorems,  mean-value theorem; maxima and minima; indeterminate form; curvature, asymptotes, tracing of curves,  function of two or more independent variables, partial differentiation, homogeneous functions and Euler’s theorem, composite functions, total derivatives, derivative of an implicit function, change of variables, Jacobians.  Integral calculus: integration by simple methods, standard forms, simple definite integrals, double integrals,  change of order of integration, Gamma and Beta functions, application of double integrals to find the area.
Ordinary differential equations: differential equations of first order, Exact and Bernoulli’s differential equations, equations reducible to exact form by integrating factors, equations of first order and higher degree, Clairaut’s equation,  methods of finding complementary functions and particular integrals. 

Calculus of finite differences, interpolation; numerical differentiation and integration, difference equations; solution of simple non-linear equations by numerical methods like Newton-Raphson. 

UNIT-III: Introduction: Statistics – definition, use and limitations; Frequency Distribution and Curves; Measures of Central Tendency: Arithmetic mean; Geometric mean, Harmonic mean, Median, Mode; Measures of Dispersion: Range, Mean deviation, Quartile deviation, Variance and Coefficient of Variation; Probability: Definition and concepts, the law of addition and multiplication, conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem; Binomial, multinomial, Poisson and normal distribution; Introduction to Sampling: Random Sampling; Standard Error; Tests of Significance – Types of Errors, Null Hypothesis, Level of Significance, Testing of hypothesis; Large Sample Test- SND test for Means, Single Sample and Two Samples; Student’s t-test for Single Sample, Two Samples and Paired t-test. F test; Chi-Square Test for the goodness of fit and independence of attributes; Correlation and Regression and associated significance tests. Experimental Designs: basic principles, Analysis of variance, Completely Randomized Design (CRD), Randomized Block Design (RBD). 

UNIT-IV: Computers: input, output devices, memory, hardware, software; Classification, booting computer. Viruses,  worms and antivirus. Operating System- some DOS commands, FORMAT, DIR, COPY, PATH, MD, CD and  DELTREE. Types of files. WINDOWS: Desktop and its elements, WINDOWS Explorer, working with files and folders; setting time and date. Anatomy of WINDOWS. Applications – MSWORD: Word processing features  Creating, Editing, Formatting and Saving; MSEXCEL: Electronic spreadsheets, concepts, packages. Creating,  editing and saving a spreadsheet. In-built statistical and other functions. Excel data analysis tools, Correlation and regression, t-test for two-samples and ANOVA with one-way classification. Creating graphs. MS PowerPoint and its features. MSACCESS: Concept of Database, creating database; Computer programming: Flow charts and Algorithms, Programming languages- BASIC, FORTRAN and C. Internet: World Wide Web (WWW),  Concepts, web browsing and electronic mail. Bioinformatics – NCBI Genebank sequence database- primary and secondary database. 

ICAR PG Syllabus for Horticulture

UNIT-I: Importance of Agriculture in national economy; basic principles of crop production; cultivation of rice, wheat,  chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato and mango. Major soils of India, role of NPK and their  deficiency symptoms. Structure and function of cell organelles; mitosis and meiosis; Mendelian genetics;  elementary knowledge of photosynthesis; respiration, and transpiration; structure and functions of carbohydrates,  proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and vitamins. Major pests and diseases of rice, wheat, cotton, chickpea,  sugarcane and their management. Important rural development programmes in India; organizational set up of  agricultural research, education and extension in India; Elements of statistics. 

UNIT-II: Layout and establishment of orchards; pruning and training; propagation, climatic requirement and cultivation of fruits like mango, banana, citrus, guava, grape, pineapple, papaya, apple, pear, peach and plum; cultivation of plantation crops like coconut and cashew nut and spices like black pepper, coriander, turmeric, important  physiological disorders; major vegetable crops of tropical, subtropical and temperate regions ‘like cole crops  (cauliflower, cabbage and knol khol), cucurbits (pumpkin, bottlegourd, bittergourd, luffa, muskmelon and  watermelon, cucumber), root crops (radish, tapioca sweet potato and potato), leafy vegetables (fenugreek and  spinach); solanaceous crops (tomato, chillies and brinjal); techniques for raising the nursery; nutritive value of fruits and vegetables and their role in human nutrition; basic physiology of ripening in fruits and vegetables and their products; type of fruits and vegetable products and control of fungal and bacterial diseases; majorfloricultural crops grown in India for commercial purposes like rose, carnation, chrysanthemum, marigold, tuberose, gladiolus, orchids; establishment and maintenance of lawns, trees, shrubs, creepers, hedges and annuals; type of gardens, methods of crop improvement; male sterility and incompatibility; pure line and pedigree selection; backcross, mass selection; heterosis; plant nutrients, deficiency symptoms of nutrients, manures and fertilisers, systems of irrigation, management of important pests and diseases of fruits and vegetables. 

ICAR PG Syllabus for Forestry/Agroforestry & Silviculture

UNIT-I: Importance of Agriculture/Forestry/Livestock in national economy. Basic principles of crop production. Important rural development programmes in India Elementary principles of economics and agri-extension. Organizational set up of Agricultural Research, education and extension in India. Major diseases and pests of crops. Elements of statistics. 

UNIT-II: Forest- importance, types, classification, ecosystem, biotic and abiotic components, ecological succession and climax, nursery and planting technique, social forestry, farm forestry, urban forestry, community forestry, forest management, silvicultural practices, forest mensuration, natural regeneration, man-made plantations, shifting cultivation, tangy, dendrology, hardwoods, softwoods, pulp woods, fuel woods, multipurpose tree species, wasteland management. Agroforestry – importance and land use systems, forest soils, classification and conservation, watershed management, forest genetics and biotechnology and tree improvement, tree seed technology, rangelands, wildlife – importance, abuse, depletion, management, major and minor forest products including medicinal and aromatic plants, forest inventory, aerial photo interpretation and remote sensing, forest depletion and degradation – importance and impact on the environment, global warming, the role of forests and trees in climate mitigation, tree diseases, wood decay and discolouration, tree pests, integrated pest and disease management, biological and chemical wood preservation, forest conservation, Indian forest policies, Indian forest act, forest engineering, forest economics, joint forest management and tribology.

ICAR PG Syllabus for Agriculture Engineering and Technology

UNIT-I : Elementary Statistics and theory of probability, differential and integral calculus, linear algebra and Fourier  series, differential equations, vector algebra & vector calculus, elementary numerical analysis. 

UNIT-II: Electric motors: Types, performance, selection, installation and maintenance, measuring instruments,  fundamentals of computers, power distribution. 

UNIT-III: Thermodynamic principles; fluid mechanics, theory of machines. 

UNIT-IV: Soil mechanics, soil classification, compaction & shear strength of soils, engineering mechanics, strength of  materials. 

UNIT-V: Importance of farm equipment and role of mechanization in enhancing productivity & profitability of Indian  agriculture; analysis of forces, design and production of farm machinery and power units; mechanics of tillage & traction operation, repair and maintenance of farm machines and equipment, farm engines; tractors and  power tillers; tractor stability and operators comfort; field capacity and cost analysis; test codes and procedure;  safety and ergonomic principles. Role of energy in economic development; solar, wind and bio-energy; biogas  plants & gasifiers; biofuels from biomass; collection, characterization and storage of biomass, solar cookers & solar refrigerators. 

UNIT-VI: Biochemical and engineering properties of biological materials; quality control & safety of raw and finished  products. Principles, practices and equipments for drying, milling, separation and storage of agricultural produce and  by-products; material handling equipment and operations; farmstead planning; heating & cooling load  calculation; seed processing practices and equipments; food preservation methods and products development;  refrigeration and air conditioning; cold stores; waste management, cost analysis & food processing plants  layout, feasibility reports. 

UNIT-VII: Surveying and levelling; hydrology, water resources in India; efficiency in water use; irrigation system and equipment; water conveyances and associated efficiency; soil-plant-water relationship; estimation of evaporation and water requirements of the crop; water harvesting and use, farm ponds and reservoirs, command area development, land use capability classification, groundwater development, wells and pumping equipment, soil erosion and its control, land shaping and grading equipment and practices, hydraulic structures, drainage of irrigated and humid areas; salt balance and reclamation of saline and alkaline soils. 

ICAR Syllabus for Water Science and Technology

Unit-I: Importance of Agriculture in the national economy; basic principles of crop production; cultivation of rice, wheat,  chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato and mango. Major soils of India, role of NPK and their deficiency symptoms. Structure and function of cell organelles; mitosis and meiosis; Mendelian genetics;  elementary knowledge of photosynthesis; respiration and transpiration; structure and functions of carbohydrates,  proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and vitamins. Pests and diseases of major crops and their management; important rural development programmes in India; organizational set-up of agricultural research, education and extension in India. 

Unit-II: Water resources of India, surface and groundnut resources, rainfall, rainfall-runoff relations, measurement and  estimation of runoff, irrigation development in India, command area development, watershed management  principles, government schemes in watershed management program, water harvesting structures including farm ponds, water quality including physical, chemical and biological properties. 

Unit-III: Physical properties of soils—texture, structure, density and consistency, infiltration, field capacity, permanent wilting point, available water hydraulic conductivity, soil water flow including Darcy’s law, mechanical analysis, chemical properties of pH, EC, atoms, molecules, colloids, clay mineral, major and trace elements, salinity and sodicity, cation exchange capacity, evaporation, evapotranspiration, water requirements of crop, plant growth process, soil and water conservation practices and tillage. 

Unit-IV: Simultaneous and quadratic equations, differentiation and integration, differential equations, elements of statistics, frequency distribution, probability concepts, basic concepts of economics, energy, horsepower,  efficiency of machines, concepts of fluid flow, hydrostatic pressure, surface tension, irrigation water distribution and control, irrigation methods, irrigation efficiencies, irrigation scheduling, water lifting devices and pumps,  construction of wells, drainage principles and applications, surface drainage, subsurface drainage, water pricing, water laws and irrigation acts. 

ICAR Syllabus for Home Science

UNIT-I: Importance of agriculture in national economy; basic principles of crop production; cultivation of rice, wheat,  chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato, and mango. Major soils of India; role of NPK and their  deficiency symptoms. General structure and function of cell organelles; mitosis and meiosis; Mendelian  genetics. Elementary knowledge of growth, development, photosynthesis, respiration and transpiration; Elements of 

economic botany. General structure and function of carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and  vitamins. Major pests and diseases of rice, wheat, cotton, chickpea, sugarcane and their management. Organic farming; biofertilizers; biopesticides. Recombinant DNA technology; transgenic crops. Natural Resources: forest, water, mineral, food, energy and land resources. Ecosystems. Biodiversity & its conservation. Environmental pollution. Environmental ethics. Important rural development programmes in India; organizational set up of agricultural research, education and extension in India. Elements of Statistics. 

UNIT-II: Elements of Human Nutrition i.e. Food groups and the nutrients contributed by each group to the diet, composition and nutritive value of foods; food processing and preservation, meal planning i.e. principles menu  planning for normal individuals for different age groups and at different stages of life, diet therapy, institutional food management, community nutrition and health, food related laws, policy and programmes in India. Organic and genetically modified foods. 

UNIT-III: Introduction to child/human development-meaning, concept, principles, prenatal development (conception to child birth), care of new born, pre- natal and post natal care of mother, development of child in early and late childhood, early childhood education, adolescence, development and relationship with peers & family, marriage and family dynamics, meaning, definition of family life cycle, family welfare programmes in India, community education, child studies methods, participation in pre-school/crèche. 

UNIT-IV: Concept and principles of management, management process, work, work environment, work simplification, fundamentals of housing, principles of design & home furnishing-selection, care and maintenance of accessories, equipments, furniture, paintings, family finance/ economics and consumer education. Functional interiors for special needs. 

UNIT-V: Introduction to clothing construction- sewing machine its parts and use, preparation of fabric for lay out textile fiber-classification, processing/manufacturing method, clothing need of family members, household textile and consumers, weaving and hosiery, traditional textiles and embroideries of India, care of clothing and textile finishes, dying & printing. Organic dyes. 

UNIT-VI: Introduction to Home Science Education communication and extension methods, program planning & evaluation, entrepreneurial education, projected and non-projected aids (audio-visual aids) rural development programs in India. Empowerment of women. 

ICAR Syllabus for Animal Bio-Technology

UNIT-I: Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, cell wall, membranes, cell organelles, organization and functions,  chromosome structure and functions, cell growth division and differentiation. Subunit structure of macromolecules and supermolecular systems. Self-assembly of sub-units, viruses, bacteriophage, ribosomes and membrane systems. 

UNIT-II: Scope and importance of biochemistry in animal sciences, cell structure and functions. Chemistry and biological significance of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, vitamins and hormones. Enzymes— chemistry,  kinetics and mechanism of action and regulation. Metabolic inhibitors with special reference to antibiotics and insecticides. Biological oxidation, energy metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids and nucleic acids. Colorimetry, spectrophotometry, chromatography and electrophoresis methods. 

UNIT-III: Chemistry of antigens and antibodies and molecular basis of immune reaction, radio-immune assay and other  assays. Chemistry of respiration and gas transport, water and electrolyte metabolism. Deficiency diseases,  metabolic disorders and clinical biochemistry. Endocrine glands, biosynthesis of hormones and their mechanism of action. 

UNIT-IV: History of molecular biology, biosynthesis of proteins and nucleic acids, genome organization, regulation of gene expression, polymerase chain reaction, basic biotechnology principles applicable to veterinary science gene sequence, immunodiagnostics, animal cell culture, in vitro fertilization. Sub-unit vaccines: Principles of fermentation technology. Basic principles of stem cell and animal cloning. 

ICAR Syllabus for Veterinary Science

UNIT I: Structure of cells, cell organelles, chromosome structure and functions, cell growth, division and differentiation and functions. Structure and function of basic tissues-epithelium, connective tissue, muscle and nervous tissue. Gross Morphology, Histology and physiology of mammalian organs and systems, major sense organs and receptors, circulatory system. Digestion in simple stomached animals, birds and fermentative digestion in ruminants, Kidney and its functions-respiratory system-animal behaviour- growth-influence of the environment on animal production biotechnology in animal production and reproduction- electrophysiology of different types of muscle fibres. Exocrine and endocrine glands, hormones and their functions, blood composition and function. Homeostasis, osmoregulation and blood clotting. Gametogenesis and development of urogenital organs. Boundaries of body cavities. Pleural and peritoneal reflections. 

UNIT-II: Classification and growth characteristics of bacteria, important bacterial diseases of livestock and poultry,  general characters, classification of important fungi. Nature of viruses, morphology and characteristics, viral immunity, important viral diseases of livestock and poultry. Viral vaccines. Antigen and antibody, antibody formation, immunity, allergy, anaphylaxis, hypersensitivity, immunoglobulins, complement system. Aetiology of diseases and concepts, extrinsic and intrinsic factors, inflammation, degeneration, necrosis, calcification,  gangrene, death, atrophy, hypertrophy, benign and malignant tumours in domestic animals. General classification, morphology, life cycle of important parasites, important parasitic diseases (Helminths, Protozoa and Arthropods) of veterinary importance concerning epidemiology, symptoms, pathogeneses, diagnosis, immunity and control. 

UNIT-III: Clinical examination and diagnosis, Etiology, epidemiology, symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and control of diseases affecting different body systems of various species of domestic animals, epidemiology— aims, objectives, ecological concepts and applications. General surgical principles and management of surgical cases. Types, administration and effects of anaesthesia. Principles and use of radiological techniques in the diagnosis of animal diseases.  Estrus and estrus cycle in domestic animals, Synchronization of estrus, fertilization, pregnancy diagnosis,  parturition, management of postpartum complications dystopias and its management, fertility, infertility and its management, artificial insemination.

UNIT-IV: Zoonotic diseases through milk and meat, Zoo animal health. Source and nature of drugs, pharmacokinetics, Chemotherapy-sulpha drugs, antibiotics, mechanism and problem of drug resistance. Drug allergy, poisonous plants, toxicity of important agro-chemicals and their detoxification, and drug action on different body systems.

 ICAR Syllabus for Animal Science

UNIT-I: Principles of animal genetics, cell structure and multiplication. Mendel’s laws, principles of population genetics,  concept of heredity, heterosis and mutation, principles of evolution, principles of molecular genetics, genetic code, quantitative and qualitative traits. Selection of breeding methods in livestock and poultry. Population statistics of livestock. 

UNIT-II: General nutrition, proximate principles, carbohydrates, proteins and fats, their digestion and metabolism in ruminants and non-ruminants. Energy partition- measures of protein quality. Water, minerals, vitamins and additives, feeds and fodders and their classification. Common anti-nutritional factors and unconventional feeds. Hay and silage making. Grinding, chaffing, pelleting, roasting, feed block. Feed formulation principles. Digestion controls motility and secretion of the alimentary tract. Mechanism, natural and chemical control of respiration, gaseous exchange and transport, high altitude living, physiology of work and exercise. Cardiac cycle, natural control of the cardiovascular system. Smooth and skeletal muscle contraction. Blood coagulation. Physiology of immune system. Male and female reproduction includes artificial insemination, in-vitro fertilization, and cryo-preservation. Excretory system. 

UNIT III: General concepts of livestock production and management, status of dairy and poultry industry, impact of livestock farming in Indian agriculture. Livestock housing, production and reproduction management, lactation management, breeding programmes for livestock and poultry. Composition, quality control and preservation of livestock products, methods of processing and storage livestock products. International Trade/WTO/IPR issues related to livestock products. 

UNIT IV: Concept of sociology, differences between rural, tribal and urban communities, social change, factors of change.  Principles and steps of extension education, community development– aims, objectives, organizational set up and concept evolution of extension in India, extension teaching methods. Role of livestock in the economy. Identifying social taboos, social differences, and obstacles in organizing developmental programmes. Concept of marketing, principles of co-operative societies, animal husbandry development planning and programme, key village scheme, ICDD, Gosadan, Goshala, Role of Gram Panchayat in livestock development. Basics of statistics, data analysis and computational techniques.

ICAR Syllabus for Fisheries Science

UNIT-I: Classification and taxonomical characteristics of cultivable fisheries, crustaceans and molluscs. Fresh water, brackish water and marine fishery resources of India, marine fisheries of the world. Estuarine, lacustrine, brackish water and pond ecosystem. Population dynamics, fish stock, abundance methods and analysis. Conservation and management of fishery resources. Fisheries legislation and law of the Seas. Impact of over-exploitation and climate change on fisheries resources.

UNIT-II: Reproduction and breeding behaviour in fishes and shellfishes, brood stock improvement, maturity and fecundity studies. Induced spawning methods and seed production, natural fish seed collection and rearing methods. Types of eggs and development of larval stages of fin fishes and shellfishes. Preparation and management of fresh water and brackish water fishponds. Cultivable species identification, introduction of exotic fishes in India. Culture methods: Pen and cage culture practices, crap and shrimp hatchery management, basic aspects of biotechnology in relation to fisheries. 

UNIT-III: Important limnological, oceanographical and biological parameters in relation to fisheries of lotic and lentic waters, biological productivity and its impact on fisheries. Environmental impact assessment on fisheries in lentic and lotic waters. Biological parameters including energy flow, community ecology and aquatic association, biodiversity and its conservation, aquatic pollution and its management. 

UNIT-IV: Common crafts and gears used for fish capture. Boat building material and demerits of wood, steel, aluminum, Ferro cement and FRP. Different types of fibres and netting materials and their characteristics, preservation of netting, parts of a trammel net, purse-scene, gill net and tuna long line. Food chemistry, fundamentals of microbiology. General methods of fish preservation and fishery by-products. Canning and packaging techniques, processing and product development techniques. 

UNIT-V: Introduction to fishery economics and cooperative, marketing and banking management concepts. Supply v/s demand economics of hatchery management and fish culture operations. Profit maximization. Problems in estimating costs and returns in fisheries. WTO agreements in Fisheries sector, intellectual property rights (IPR) and international fish trade; Fisheries extension methods. Training and education needs in fisheries. Communication concepts, Modern tools of fishery extension education, participatory rural appraisal (PRA), Rapid rural appraisal (RRA), role of women in fisheries, Basics of statistics in fisheries and computer science.

ICAR Syllabus for Dairy Science

Unit-I: Chemical composition of various food of plant and animal origin, structure and functions of food constituents,  additives, preservatives, flavours and antioxidants, composition and physico-chemical and nutritional properties of milk and colostrum, chemistry of milk, constituents, nutrients and milk products. Test for the quality of milk, butter, ghee,  milk powder etc., adulterants, neutralizers and preservatives, their detection, and heat stability of milk. 

Unit II: Introduction to dairy microbiology – Milk production hygiene and critical risk factors affecting microbiological quality on-farm; Microorganisms associated with milk and their classification based on growth temperature– psychrotrophic, mesophiles, thermodurics and thermophiles; Microbial metabolites and their role in spoilages – souring, curdling, gassiness, ropiness, proteolysis, lipolysis, abnormal flavour and colour; Antimicrobial systems in raw milk; Microbiological grading of raw milk; Microflora of mastitic milk and its importance in dairy industry; Food poisoning, food infections, toxic-infections and other milk-borne diseases and their control. 

Unit-III: Composition and chemistry of cream, butter, ghee, ice-cream, cheese, condensed and dried milks, infant food, spoilage of ghee and use of antioxidants, chemistry of milk fermentation, chemistry of rennin coagulation of milk and changes occurring during ripening of cheese, physico-chemical changes in the manufacture and storage of milk powder, lactose, crystallization and its significance, physicochemical changes during the manufacture of indigenous milk products, quality standards of dairy products. 

Unit IV: Bacteriological aspects of milk processing – Thermization, pasteurization, boiling, sterilization, UHT,  bactofugation, and membrane filtration; Microbiological quality of cream, butter, ice-cream, concentrated dairy  products, dried milks, infants milk foods, indigenous dairy products; Factors affecting the microbiological quality of these products during production, processing, handling, storage and distribution; Enumeration, isolation and identification of conventional and emerging dairy pathogens, detection of microbial toxins, drug residues in milk and their public health importance; Microbial defects associated with dairy products and their control; Microbiology of dairy starters; Classification, genetic aspects and carbohydrate metabolism of Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB); Preservation, propagation and quality control of dairy starters and their inhibition by antibiotic residues, detergents, sanitizers, bacteriophages etc.; Microbiology of fermented milks, cheeses and application of probiotic concept in dahi, yoghurt, Kefir, Kumiss, Bulgarian milk, cultured buttermilk, leben, yakult, cheddar and processed cheese; Dairy plant hygiene and sanitation – Microbiology of air, water,  equipments, packaging materials, personnel, disposal of dairy waste; Microbiological standards for milk and milk products – PFA, BIS, Codex/ ISO standards (ISO 9001: 2001/ISO 22000:2005).

ICAR Syllabus for Dairy Technology

UNIT-I: Principles and processes of food preservation, non-conventional sources, processing of fluid milk,  Computerization and Automatic Process Controls in Milk Processing. HACCP Concepts in Fluid Milk  Processing. Advances in Centrifugal Separation and Bactofugation. Manufacture of various dairy products and changes occurring during manufacture and storage and their defects. Sensory evaluation and judging of milk and milk products, types of packaging materials and their properties, packing forms and operations, problems in food packaging, and recent advances in packaging dairy and food products. Intelligent Food Packaging. Nutritional Labeling of Food Products.Application of Membrane Processing in Milk Processing. 

UNIT-II: Materials and sanitary features of the dairy equipments. Homogenizer- Theory of Homogenization. Triplex  pump, Lubrication of the Homogenizer, care and Management of homogenizer, Homogenizer Accessories and  Standards for Homogenizer. Pasteurizer- Pasteurizer construction & Principle Materials used in Construction of  Pasteurizers. High temperature short time Pasteurizer, care of Pasteurizer, Reaction Kinetics, Sterilizer, Mixing 

& agitation equipments, principles of evaporation, drying. Atmosphere concentration, Vacuum Pan, Fluidization. Care of Vacuum Pan and atmospheric Drum Dryer. Spray Dryer principles of dairy plant layout and design, Functional Design, space requirement of Milk Plant, problem through computers, centralized dispersal of data processing, d BASE-III, Lotus 1-2-3 to graphics, Fortran. 

UNIT-III: Fluid mechanics- properties of fluids, Bernoulli’s equation and its applications, hydraulic systems Types of  Pumps, Sanitary pumps, Standards for Centrifugal and Positive Rotatory Type of pumps, Selection of Pumps. Care and Upkeep of Pumps dimensional analysis, refrigeration and air-conditioning. Artificial Refrigeration,  Compression Refrigeration System, Refrigeration Accessories. Calculation of Size of Refrigeration Machine  Requirements. Heat-transfer and thermodynamics; mechanical separations; Rittinger’s and Kick’s laws; Engineering of mechanics; theory of machine; strength of materials, Hook’s law, materials of fabrications,  machine tools; Electrical Engg., Electromagnetic induction; Magnetic- Hysteresis loop (BH Curve), AC  fundamentals.

ICAR Syllabus for Food Science Technology

UNIT-I: General chemistry of food constituents, physical properties of foods, properties of colloidal systems, gels and emulsions. Minerals in foods, physicochemical changes during processing and storage, functions of food nutrients, dietary allowances and nutritional requirements. Metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and protein. Biological value and PER. Food additives, contaminants and anti-nutritional factors. Food flavours and puff- flavours. National and international food standards, modern analytical techniques in food analysis. 

UNIT-II: Engineering properties of food materials, System analysis, mass and energy balance, Principles operations and equipment for food materials flow handling, cleaning, de-husking, sorting and grading; peeling, size reduction, mixing and forming, bakery foods manufacture, extrusion, separation, filtration and membrane processes, expression, baking roasting, frying, extraction and leaching, crystallization, distillation, blanching, pasteurization, sterilization, evaporation, drying, freezing, packing, heat exchanging, dairy specific operations. Process equipment design, heat and mass transfer, equipment for steam generation, compressed air, refrigeration and air conditioning, water and wastewater treatment, biochemical engineering and thermo bacteriology.Automation, online data acquisition and process control. Food plant layout and design. Energy audit. 

UNIT–III: Preparation and manufacturing technology of cereals and bakery products, beef, pork, poultry, fish & sea foods and egg, sausages and table ready meats, dairy products, fresh fruits, fresh vegetables, processed fruits, processed vegetables, Post Harvest Handling and storage of Fruits and Vegetables. Sugars, sweets, fats and oils, fermented foods, alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages, indigenous foods, fast, readymade and fashion foods. Dehydration and concentration methods, irradiation, microwave and solar processing of foods, food by-products & downstream processing, flavouring and pigment technology. Judging food products, plant management and legal aspects, safety, risk and hazards. Effluent treatment and environment pollution, waste solids upgrading and treatment, food storage, packaging functions, packaging operations,  types of containers, FFS, hermetic closures, canning packaging materials and package testing, transportation and marketing food products. 

UNIT –IV: Role of intrinsic and extrinsic properties of food in microbial growth. Microbiology of fruits, fruit, vegetables, soft drinks, bakery products, milk and milk products, milk, fish, egg and marine products.  Spoilage of foods, food pathogens and their toxins affect human health. Food preservation by sugar, salt, chemicals, heat, cold, irradiation, dehydration and packaging. Microbiology of fermented foods and beverages and factors affecting their quality. Methods for microbiological examination of foods, food hygiene and safety regulations. Water quality and waste disposal in the food industry. 

ICAR Syllabus for Agri-Business Management

UNIT-I: Social, political and economic structure in rural India. Importance of agriculture/forestry/ horticulture/livestock in national economy. Cultivation of major cereal crops, legume crops, vegetable crops, fruits and their importance in human diet. Major soils of India, essential plant nutrients, their role, deficiency symptoms and sources. Pests and diseases of major crops, vegetables, fruits and their management. Forestry production,  pests and diseases management of major trees grown in India. Watershed management. The organizational set-up of agricultural research, education and extension in India. Elements of statistics. 

UNIT-II: Farm equipments and Farm Machinery in India, sources of energy and power on farms. Irrigation and  drainage systems. Basics of post-harvest technology, Basics of energy in agriculture. 

UNIT-III: Basics of veterinary, gynecology, veterinary microbiology, veterinary pathology and Parasitology, veterinary  surgery, veterinary public health, veterinary pharmacology and toxicology. 

UNIT-IV: Basics of human food and nutrition, human/child development, home and family resource management,  clothing and textile. 

UNIT-V: Quantitative ability: Test the ability of candidates to make mathematical calculations under stress conditions. All these calculations will be based on the analytical skills of the candidates with an understanding of mathematics at the Intermediate level. 

UNIT-VI: Communicative ability: Test English comprehension wherein the knowledge of language skills is tested regarding how effectively the candidate communicates his thoughts and ideas. 

UNIT-VII: Data Interpretation: Calculations requiring skills of interpretation of facts and figures. The questions can be posed as graphs, tables and charts. 

UNIT-VIII: Logical reasoning: Evaluating logical thinking capacity by providing various options. 

UNIT-IX: Fundamentals of managerial economics, market structure conduct and performance, agricultural marketing concepts- functions and institutions, trade in the agriculture sector; principles of the corporation, cooperatives in India, agribusiness institutions in India; entrepreneurship development. Besides the above, any other topic of scientific, social and educational importance can also be included. Around 20–25% of questions related to agriculture and agriculture-related science subjects, including recent developments.

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ICAR AIEEA 2024 Preparation Strategy

A well-structured preparation plan is essential for success in the ICAR AIEEA 2024 examination. To excel in each section and make the most of your remaining time, consider the following advice:

  • Section-wise Analysis: Recognize that the ICAR AIEEA covers many challenging subjects. Preparing comprehensively for each section is crucial, as incorrect attempts can lead to a lower score. Evaluate each topic, assess its strengths and weaknesses, and prioritize them accordingly. For weaker areas, focus on at least answering theoretical questions correctly. However, if certain topics require extensive time and effort, it may be wise to prioritize subjects where you are confident of achieving a higher score.
  • Online Practice Exams: The National Testing Agency (NTA) provides online practice exams for ICAR AIEEA, offering a glimpse into the real exam’s sections, time constraints, question types, and other crucial aspects. Utilize these practice tests to familiarize yourself with the exam format and improve your test-taking skills.
  • Revision: Thoroughly review all the material before the exam. Use your revision notes, textbooks, and practice exams to reinforce your understanding of each section. Revision is essential to ensure that you are well-prepared for the examination and can confidently tackle the questions on the test day.

ICAR AIEEA 2024 Preparation Books

For ICAR AIEEA-UG (Undergraduate) Entrance Exam:
Book TitleAuthor
NTA-ICAR: AIEEA-UG Entrance Exam GuideR. Gupta
ICAR Syllabi (BSc Agriculture)Dr. Rajeev Bairathi and R.K. Gupta
Ready Reckoner for ICAR-AIEEA (UG)R.K. Sharma and UD Chavan
BSc Agriculture for ICAR AIEEA (UG)Dr. Lalita Gaur
ICAR AIEEA-UGR. Gupta
BSc Agriculture Entrance Exam 2022Arihant Experts
General Agriculture for ICARJain Brothers
BSc Agriculture Entrance ExamDr. Lalita Gaur
For ICAR AIEEA-PG (Postgraduate) Entrance Exam:
Book TitleAuthor
ICAR: AIEEA – PG Entrance Exam GuideDr. BB Singh
ICAR ExamEdugorilla

ICAR AIEEA 2024 Syllabus FAQs

Is there negative marking in the ICAR AIEEA 2024 exam?

In the ICAR AIEEA 2024 exam, candidates will receive 4 marks for every correct answer, and there will be a deduction of 1 mark for every incorrect answer. There is no negative marking for unattempted questions.

What is the passing mark for ICAR AIEEA 2024?

The qualifying marks for ICAR AIEEA 2024 are as follows:
1- General/OBC/UPS/EWS category: At least 50% marks in the 10+2 board exam or equivalent.
2- SC/ST/PWD/Transgender candidates: At least 40% marks in the 10+2 board exam or equivalent.

Is ICAR AIEEA 2024 based on NCERT textbooks?

NCERT textbooks are valuable study resources for preparing for the ICAR AIEEA 2024 exam. Additionally, you can use reference books by popular authors such as R Gupta, Arihant, and Jain Brothers.

Does ICAR AIEEA 2024 require mathematics?

ICAR AIEEA 2024 offers three streams, and one of them is PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics), which requires mathematics as a subject.

Is the ICAR AIEEA 2024 exam very challenging?

While ICAR exams are not as tough as NEET or JEE, they do require a good score for admission to top universities in India. Typically, securing a rank within the top 500 is necessary, and for top colleges, you may need to be within the top 150 ranks.

Is the syllabus for ICAR AIEEA 2024 the same as NEET?

The syllabus for ICAR AIEEA 2024 includes Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Mathematics, while NEET covers Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. There are some overlapping topics, but the overall syllabus differs.

Is the 12th-grade syllabus sufficient for the ICAR AIEEA 2024 exam?

Yes, for the ICAR AIEEA 2024 exam, NCERT books are excellent resources as they cover the entire PCB (Class 11/12) curriculum. Additionally, practicing with model test papers is recommended.

Where can I download the latest PDF of the ICAR AIEEA 2024 syllabus?

The latest PDF of the ICAR AIEEA 2024 syllabus can be downloaded from the official website of ICAR AIEEA or directly from relevant sources.

Is Agriculture a mandatory subject in ICAR AIEEA UG 2024?

Agriculture is mandatory only for candidates opting for the ABC stream in ICAR AIEEA UG 2024.

How many subject groups are there in the ICAR AIEEA Ph.D. syllabus for 2024?

The ICAR AIEEA Ph.D. syllabus for 2024 includes 73 subject groups.

In which languages is ICAR AIEEA 2024 conducted?

ICAR AIEEA 2024 is conducted in English and Hindi, and candidates can choose to take the exam in either.

What are the important topics in chemistry under the ICAR AIEEA 2024 Syllabus?

Important topics in chemistry under the ICAR AIEEA 2024 syllabus include Basic Concepts and Atomic Structure, Periodic Properties of Elements and Hydrogen, D-Block and F-Block Elements, Coordination Compounds and Organometallics, Bonding and Molecular Structure, S-Block Elements and Principles of Metallurgy, Thermodynamics, Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry, States of Matter, P-Block Elements, Chemical Equilibrium, and Hydrocarbons.

Who sets the ICAR AIEEA UG syllabus?

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research sets the ICAR AIEEA UG syllabus.

What is the level of the ICAR AIEEA UG 2024 syllabus?

The ICAR AIEEA UG 2024 syllabus is similar to Class 11 and Class 12, or the higher secondary level of the Science stream.

Has there been any change in the ICAR AIEEA UG 2024 syllabus?

Any changes in the ICAR AIEEA UG 2024 syllabus will be notified once the application form and brochure are released.

Who releases the syllabus of the ICAR AIEEA (PG) exam?

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) released the syllabus for the ICAR AIEEA (PG) exam.

How can students download the ICAR AIEEA (PG) syllabus?

Students can download the ICAR AIEEA (PG) syllabus in PDF format from the official website of ICAR.

Why is the ICAR AIEEA (PG) syllabus important?

The ICAR AIEEA (PG) syllabus is important as it helps students plan and prepare for the exam effectively. It clearly outlines the topics and subjects covered in the examination, enabling students to focus their studies and create informed preparation strategies.

Where can I download the latest PDF of ICAR AIEEA syllabus?

The latest PDF of the ICAR AIEEA syllabus can be downloaded directly from this page or by visiting the official website of ICAR AIEEA.

Is Agriculture a subject in ICAR AIEEA UG?

Agriculture is mandatory only for those opting for the ABC stream in ICAR AIEEA UG.

How many groups are there in ICAR AIEEA Ph.D syllabus?

There are 73 subject groups in the ICAR AIEEA Ph.D syllabus.

For any other queries about ICAR AIEEA 2024 Syllabus, you can leave your queries below in the comment box.