What is Shifting Cultivation, Advantage & Disadvantage – Read Here


Shifting cultivation means the shifting of the land from the other place for cultivation purposes. In that there is the change of the place is taking place that means if there is the cultivation of the land is get reduced then by shifting it we can increase this.

In the different regions of the country, there is the one and unique features of the shifting of the land in India. In the purpose of the minor and major variation, these have featured in the two distinct patterns that are the (i) settled farming on the permanent and developed land in the plains and valley areas and (ii) tribal agricultural practices.

The shifting of the cultivation is also known as its famous word that is ‘Jhumming’, that name is given because the cultivation land can be on the slopes of the hills or it is called the Jhum that is available in the area of the hills. This region is used by the peoples of India that are in the region of the hills.

Origin of Shifting Cultivation:

Shifting cultivation is the method of primitive cultivation that is the primary method for the cultivation and this process is originated from the Neolithic period that in the years between 13,000 to 3,000 B.C. Hence the shifting cultivation is the best and the first way of the changing of the soil from the mind of the fertility of the soil in term of the growth of the crops in the cultivation method.

In the starting period of the time, the system of cultivation is firstly used in the system as the regular bases that are at the hill areas of Africa and America. In some parts of the country of Sweden, there is some system of cultivation that was started till the year of 1920.

In the middle of the nineteenth century, there were countries like the Europeans in Brazil and English settlers that were of the seventeenth century in Virginia of the U.S.A. they had also used this method of shifting cultivation.

Today’s Shifting Cultivation

In the country India there is still the use of the method that is shifting cultivation. That is being used in the region of the hill areas of that is the North-Eastern Region, Sikkim, Bihar, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, and Maharashtra.

In these states, there are some of the places that are being used in the hill areas of North-Eastern states, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh. The shifting cultivation is briefly known as agriculture in the cultivate manner that is in the form of the Jhum.

In some regions of India, in the shifting cultivation, there is the use of agriculture which will be full of the slash-and-burn agriculture, migratory primitive agriculture, nomadic agriculture, hoe and burn, forest field rotation, land-rotation agriculture, etc. On the side of North-East India, the type of shifting cultivation is known as the ‘Jhum’ cultivation or ‘Jhumming’.

It is said that if one crop is growing in one agriculture at a time and next time again it is used the same plants in the same field then the fertility of the land get decreases and by this, the area receives divested and in the result that the crops did not get grow in that field. This can be avoided by shifting cultivation, and that is called the ‘Jhummias.’

The process of Shifting Cultivation:

Process of Shifting Cultivation

Shifting cultivation can be done in such a manner that agriculture should be done correctly. If there is the selection of the place or the plot is done improperly, then it can be the loss of the crops.

In the next step of this, there should be the cutting of the forest and the plants that are in that place to clean the field. The bushes and the forest get to be cut, or it can be burn also, by burning the ash will work as the energy for the soil.

This work of the cutting of the cleaning and burning should be done in the month of December-January. After this, there can be made the holes and it can dig the hole for the sowing of the seeds for the crops with the help of any instrument.

The dibbling of the land or making of the holes is done by the female workers and the sowing also. After this, there should be the springing of the sufficient amount of the water on it and by this, the soil of the holes will be arranged on the holes upon the seeds.

By doing this the land of the shifted cultivation is get ready. Then after some efforts, the harvesting is get started, and this begins in the third month, and it continued in December. By this, the process of shifting cultivation is get completed.

Advantages of Shifting Cultivation:

The best position of the shifting of the cultivation or the land on the side of the hills is to provide the straightforward and high-speed method of the preparation of the area for agriculture.

The waste material of the field that is the bush and the weeds can be removed quickly and that can be burn easily and can be obtaining the beneficial things for the cultivation. In this shifting cultivation, the growth of the crops will start fast and sometimes only it will get ready for the harvest.

In this shifting of the cultivation, there is no fear or danger for the flood and the animals which destroy the crops. On the hills, there are the streams of the mountain that provide the water to the crops easily on a regular and reasonable rate.

A disadvantage of Shifting Cultivation:

The most and the important disadvantage of the shifting cultivation is to cut the Forrest and the trees that are helpful for the soil erosion and that is very helpful for nature.

By this there can be the heavy erosion of the soil is getting affected and by this, the revers that are in the plain and low lying areas like the Brahmaputra and Barak get flooded in the time of the heavy rainfall.

By shifting cultivation, there is a loss of 22 percent of the soil that is on the top of the soil and full of fertility. This creates a serious problem in the economic rate of peoples. In this, there is the rendered permanent land in the shifting cultivation.

 For any other queries about What is Shifting Cultivation, you can leave your queries below in the comment box.

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  1. Tonderai M Mahutu says:

    ummm your grammar my friend needs to be revisited again

  2. Mustafa says:

    Ur English is really bad. Work on it😂😂😂

  3. Wilo says:

    Ummmm can hardly understand your english

  4. Reference says:


  5. Aureliano says:

    Work on your English.

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