# GATE 2025 Agricultural Engineering Syllabus (Available) – Download (AG) Syllabus PDF Here

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GATE 2025 Syllabus for Agricultural Engineering has been Released by the exam conducting authority. GATE 2025 is a national-level exam organized by IIT Roorkee. The Engineering Graduation Skill Test (GATE) is organized for admission to PG courses in engineering and technology, specifically ME / M.Tech.

The GATE 2025 program will be prescribed by the authority responsible for the examination. In this article, GATE Syllabus 2025 has been provided for the students and aspirants with a Paper code for all the branches, and Also GATE 2025 Exam Pattern is provided.

GATE 2025 is a national-level exam organized by IIT Roorkee. The Engineering Graduation Skill Test (GATE) is organized for admission to PG courses in engineering and technology, specifically ME / M.Tech.

## GATE 2025 Syllabus for Agricultural Engineering (AG) – PDF Released

GATE 2025 Syllabus for Agricultural Engineering PDF has been Released. Click to Download Syllabus Agricultural Engineering Syllabus Pdf.

## Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra: Matrices and determinants, systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues, and eigenvectors.

Calculus: Limit, continuity, and differentiability; partial derivatives; maxima and minima; Sequences and series; tests for convergence; Fourier series, Taylor series.

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Vector Calculus: Gradient; Divergence and Curl; Line; surface and volume integrals; Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

Differential Equations: Linear and non-linear first-order Ordinary Differential Equations (ODE); Higher order linear ODEs with constant coefficients; Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations; Laplace transforms; Partial Differential Equations – Laplace, heat and wave equations.

Probability and Statistics: Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; random variables; Poisson, normal and binomial distributions; correlation and regression analysis; tests of significance, analysis of variance (ANOVA).

Numerical Methods: Solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; numerical integration – trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule; numerical solutions of the ODE.

## Section 2: Farm Machinery

Machine Design: Design and selection of machine elements – gears, pulleys, chains and sprockets, and belts; overload safety devices used in farm machinery; measurement of force, torque, speed, displacement, and acceleration on machine elements.

Farm Machinery: Soil tillage; forces acting on a tillage tool; hitch systems and hitching of tillage implements; functional requirements, principles of working, construction and operation of manual, animal and power-operated equipment for tillage, sowing, planting, fertilizer application, inter-cultivation, spraying, mowing, chaff cutting, harvesting, threshing, and transport; testing of agricultural machinery and equipment; calculation of performance parameters – field capacity, efficiency, application rate, and losses; cost analysis of implements and tractors.

## Section 3: Farm Power

Sources of Power: Sources of power on the farm – human, animal, mechanical, electrical, wind, solar and biomass; biofuels.

Farm Power: Thermodynamic principles of I.C. engines; I.C. engine cycles; engine components; fuels and combustion; lubricants and their properties; I.C. engine systems – fuel, cooling, lubrication, ignition, electrical, intake and exhaust; selection, operation, maintenance and repair of I.C. engines; power efficiencies and measurement; calculation of power, torque, fuel consumption, heat load, and power losses.

Tractors and Powertillers: Type, selection, maintenance and repair of tractors and power tillers; tractor clutches and brakes; power transmission systems – gear trains, differential, final drives, and power take-off; mechanics of tractor chassis; traction theory; three-point hitches- free link and restrained link operations; mechanical steering and hydraulic control systems used in tractors; tractor tests and performance.

Human engineering and safety in the design of tractors and agricultural implements.

## Section 4: Soil & Water Conservation Engineering

Fluid Mechanics: Ideal and real fluids, properties of fluids; hydrostatic pressure and its measurement; hydrostatic forces on plane and curved surface; continuity equation; Bernoulli’s theorem; laminar and turbulent flow in pipes, Darcy- Weisbach and Hazen-Williams equations, Moody’s diagram; flow through orifices and notches; flow in open channels.

Soil Mechanics: Engineering properties of soils; fundamental definitions and relationships; index properties of soils; permeability and seepage analysis; shear strength, Mohr’s circle of stress, active and passive earth pressures; stability of slopes.

Hydrology: Hydrological cycle and components; meteorological parameters, their measurement and analysis of precipitation data; runoff estimation; hydrograph analysis, unit hydrograph theory, and application; stream flow measurement; flood routing, hydrological reservoir, and channel routing.

Surveying and Leveling: Measurement of distance and area; instruments for surveying and levelling; chain surveying, methods of traversing; measurement of angles and bearings, plane table surveying; types of levelling; theodolite traversing; contouring; computation of areas and volume.

Soil and Water Erosion: Mechanics of soil erosion, soil erosion types, wind and water erosion, factors affecting erosion; soil loss estimation; biological and engineering measures to control erosion; terraces and bunds; vegetative waterways; gully control structures, drop, drop inlet and chute spillways; earthen dams.

Watershed Management: Watershed characterization; land use capability

classification; rainwater harvesting structures, check dams, and farm ponds.

## Section 5: Irrigation and Drainage Engineering

Soil-Water-Plant Relationship: Water requirement of crops; consumptive use and evapotranspiration; measurement of infiltration, soil moisture, and irrigation water infiltration.

Irrigation Water Conveyance and Application Methods: Design of irrigation channels and underground pipelines; irrigation scheduling; surface, sprinkler, and micro-irrigation methods, design and evaluation of irrigation methods; irrigation efficiencies.

Agricultural Drainage: Drainage coefficient; planning, design, and layout of surface and sub-surface drainage systems; leaching requirement and salinity control; irrigation and drainage water quality and reuse.

Groundwater Hydrology: Groundwater occurrence; Darcy’s Law, steady flow in confined and unconfined aquifers, evaluation of aquifer properties; groundwater recharge.

Wells and Pumps: Types of wells, steady flow through wells; classification of pumps; pump characteristics; pump selection and installation.

## Section 6: Agricultural Processing Engineering

Drying: Psychrometry – properties of the air-vapour mixture; concentration and drying of liquid foods – evaporators, tray, drum and spray dryers; hydrothermal treatment; drying and milling of cereals, pulses and oilseeds.

Size Reduction and Conveying: Mechanics and energy requirement in size reduction of granular solids; particle size analysis for comminuted solids; size separation by screening; fluidization of granular solids-pneumatic, bucket, screw and belt conveying; cleaning and grading; Effectiveness of grain cleaners; centrifugal separation of solids, liquids, and gases.

Processing and By-product Utilization: Processing of seeds, spices, fruits, and vegetables; By-product utilization from processing industries.

Storage Systems: Controlled and modified atmosphere storage; perishable food storage, godowns, bins, and grain silos.

## Section 7: Dairy and Food Engineering

Heat and Mass Transfer: Steady-state heat transfer in conduction, convection, and radiation; transient heat transfer in simple geometry; working principles of heat exchangers; diffusive and convective mass transfer; simultaneous heat and mass transfer in agricultural processing operations; material and energy balances in food processing systems; water activity, sorption and desorption isotherms.

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4. KL University | Admissions Open for All Courses 2024. Apply Now
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Preservation of Food: Kinetics of microbial death – pasteurization and sterilization of milk and other liquids foods; preservation of food by cooling and freezing; refrigeration and cold storage basics and applications.

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