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GATE 2021 Botany Syllabus (Released)- Get (XL) R PDF Here

GATE 2019 Botany SyllabusGATE 2021 Syllabus of Botany has been Released. GATE 2021 is a national level exam organized by IIT DELHI. The Engineering Graduation Skill Test (GATE 2021) is organized for admission to PG courses in the field of engineering and technology, specifically ME / M.Tech.

The Exam will be held on the 1st week of February and 2nd week of February 2021. See here for complete information about the GATE 2021 Syllabus.

GATE Exams are held every year on a rotational basis by the IIT’s & IISC in multiple zones.

GATE 2021 Botany Syllabus – PDF Released

New GATE 2021 Botany Syllabus has been Released. Click Here to Download Pdf.

Section 1: Plant Systematics

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    4. Manipal University 2020 Admission Open For UG & PG Courses. Apply Now
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Major systems of classification, plant groups, phylogenetic relationships, and molecular systematics.

Section 2: Plant Anatomy:

Plant cell structure and its components; cell wall and membranes; organization, organelles, cytoskeleton, the anatomy of root, stem and leaves, floral parts, embryo, and young seedlings, meristems, vascular system, their ontogeny, structure and functions, secondary growth in plants and stellar organization.

Section 3: Morphogenesis & Development

Cell cycle, cell division, the life cycle of an angiosperm, pollination, fertilization, embryogenesis, seed formation, seed storage proteins, seed dormancy, and germination.

The concept of cellular totipotency, clonal propagation; organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis, artificial seed, somaclonal variation, secondary metabolism in plant cell culture, embryo culture, in vitro fertilization.

Section 4: Physiology and Biochemistry

Plant water relations, transport of minerals and solutes, stress physiology, stomatal physiology, signal transduction, N2 metabolism, photosynthesis, photorespiration; respiration, Flowering: photoperiodism and vernalization, biochemical mechanisms involved in flowering; molecular mechanism of senescence and aging, biosynthesis, mechanism of action and physiological effects of plant growth regulators, structure and function of biomolecules, (proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acid), enzyme kinetics.

Section 5: Genetics

Principles of Mendelian inheritance, linkage, recombination, genetic mapping; extrachromosomal inheritance; prokaryotic and eukaryotic genome organization, regulation of gene expression, gene mutation, and repair, chromosomal aberrations (numerical and structural), transposons.

Section 6: Plant Breeding and Genetic Modification

Principles, methods – selection, hybridization, heterosis; male sterility, genetic maps and molecular markers, sporophytic and gametophytic self-incompatibility, haploidy, triploidy, somatic cell hybridization, marker-assisted selection, gene transfer methods viz. direct and vector-mediated, plastid transformation, transgenic plants and their application in agriculture, molecular pharming, plantibodies.

Section 7: Economic Botany

A general account of economically and medicinally important plants- cereals, pulses, plants yielding fibers, timber, sugar, beverages, oils, rubber, pigments, dyes, gums, drugs and narcotics. The economic importance of algae, fungi, lichen, and bacteria.

Section 8: Plant Pathology

Nature and classification of plant diseases, diseases of important crops caused by fungi, bacteria, nematodes and viruses, and their control measures, the mechanism(s) of pathogenesis and resistance, molecular detection of pathogens; plant-microbe beneficial interactions.

Section 9: Ecology and Environment

Latest Applications For Various UG & PG Courses Open 2020:

    1. Shiv Nadar University, Delhi, NCR | Admission Open 2020. Apply Now
    2. Bennett University (Times Group), Admission Open for 2020. Apply Now
    3. Manav Rachna University, Haryana – 2020 UG & PG Admission Open. Apply Now
    4. Manipal University 2020 Admission Open For UG & PG Courses. Apply Now
    5. UPES, Dehradun Enroll Yourself for the Academic Year 2020. Apply Now
    6. LPU, Punjab Admissions 2020 Open | Secure Your Admission Online‎. Apply Now
    7. Pearl Academy No.1 Fashion School – Admissions Open for 2020 batch. Apply Now
    8. Amrita University, Admissions Open for BTech 2020. Apply Now
    9. Chandigarh University, Punjab 2020 Admission Open for all Courses. Apply Now
    10. Sharda University, Admission Open 2020, Few Days left. Apply Now
    11. MIT World Peace University, Admissions Open for All Courses 2019-20. Apply Now

Ecosystems – types, dynamics, degradation, ecological succession; food chains and energy flow; vegetation types of the world, pollution and global warming, speciation, and extinction, conservation strategies, cryopreservation, phytoremediation.

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