# GATE 2021 Physics Syllabus (Released) – Get (PH) PDF Here

**GATE 2021 Syllabus for Physics **has been Released. **GATE 2021** is a national level exam organized by** IIT DELHI.**

The **Engineering Graduation Skill Test (GATE 2021)** is organized for admission to PG courses in the field of engineering and technology, **specifically ME / M.Tech.**

The **Exam **will be** held **on 1st week of February **2021. **See here for complete information about the **GATE 2021 Syllabus.**

## GATE 2021 Physics Syllabus – PDF Released

** GATE 2021 Physics Syllabus has been Released. Click here to Download Pdf.**

## Section 1: Mathematical Physics

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Linear vector space: basis, orthogonality, and completeness; matrices; vector calculus; linear differential equations; elements of complex analysis: Cauchy- Riemann conditions, Cauchy’s theorems, singularities, residue theorem, and applications; Laplace transforms, Fourier analysis; elementary ideas about tensors: covariant and contravariant tensor, Levi-Civita and Christoffel symbols.

## Section 2: Classical Mechanics

D’Alembert’s principle, cyclic coordinates, variational principle, Lagrange’s equation of motion, central force and scattering problems, rigid body motion; small oscillations, Hamilton’s formalisms; Poisson bracket; special theory of relativity: Lorentz transformations, relativistic kinematics, mass‐energy equivalence.

## Section 3: Electromagnetic Theory

Solutions of electrostatic and magnetostatic problems including boundary value problems; dielectrics and conductors; Maxwell’s equations; scalar and vector potentials; Coulomb and Lorentz gauges; Electromagnetic waves and their reflection, refraction, interference, diffraction, and polarization; Poynting vector, Poynting theorem, energy and momentum of electromagnetic waves; radiation from a moving charge.

## Section 4: Quantum Mechanics

Postulates of quantum mechanics; uncertainty principle; Schrodinger equation; one-, two- and three-dimensional potential problems; particle in a box, transmission through one-dimensional potential barriers, harmonic oscillator, the hydrogen atom;

linear vectors and operators in Hilbert space; angular momentum and spin; the addition of angular momenta; time-independent perturbation theory; elementary scattering theory.

## Section 5: Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics

Laws of thermodynamics; macrostates and microstates; phase space; ensembles; partition function, free energy, calculation of thermodynamic quantities; classical and quantum statistics; degenerate Fermi gas; black body radiation and Planck’s distribution law; Bose‐Einstein condensation; first and second-order phase transitions, phase equilibria, critical point.

## Section 6: Atomic and Molecular Physics

Spectra of one‐ and many‐electron atoms; LS and JJ coupling; hyperfine structure; Zeeman and Stark effects; electric dipole transitions and selection rules; rotational and vibrational spectra of diatomic molecules; electronic transition in diatomic molecules, Franck‐Condon principle; Raman effect; NMR, ESR, X-ray spectra; lasers: Einstein coefficients, population inversion, two and three-level systems.

## Section 7: Solid State Physics & Electronics

Elements of crystallography; diffraction methods for structure determination; bonding in solids; lattice vibrations and thermal properties of solids; free electron theory; band theory of solids: nearly free electron and tight-binding models; metals, semiconductors, and insulators; conductivity, mobility and effective mass; optical,

dielectric and magnetic properties of solids; elements of superconductivity: Type-I and Type II superconductors, Meissner effect, London equation. Semiconductor devices: diodes, Bipolar Junction Transistors, Field Effect Transistors;

operational amplifiers: negative feedback circuits, active filters, and oscillators; regulated power supplies; basic digital logic circuits, sequential circuits, flip‐flops, counters, registers, A/D and D/A conversion.

## Section 8: Nuclear and Particle Physics

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Nuclear radii and charge distributions, nuclear binding energy, Electric and magnetic moments; nuclear models, liquid drop model: semi‐empirical mass the formula, Fermi gas model of the nucleus, nuclear shell model; nuclear force and two-nucleon problem; alpha decay, beta‐decay, electromagnetic transitions in nuclei;

Rutherford scattering, nuclear reactions, conservation laws; fission and fusion; particle accelerators and detectors; elementary particles, photons, baryons, mesons, and leptons; quark model.

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