IAS Exam 2018: Application, Pattern, Syllabus, Eligibility, Preparation
IAS Exam and IAS Exam eligibility
In this article, you will come to know every minor thing about IAS Exam and IAS Exam eligibility.This will clear all your minor doubts regarding IAS Exam and IAS Exam eligibility
When I was a kid, Most of my friends used to say they wanted to give IAS Exam to be an IAS officer and work for the country. This profession has its own charm and, of course, being a prestigious post, it attracts the very people. Same is the case today itself. It has been a much-preferred option for the Indian youth of all-time to be an IAS after giving IAS Exam.
Even today for an IAS Exam, every year lakhs of applications are considered with utmost esteem. This is the root cause why youth from every corner is attracted and are craving to apply for admission into IAS. Consequently, there is a need to make them aware of this post responsibility and requirements too.
Civil Service Prelims Notification 2018 – Released
Civil Service Prelims Notification Released. Click Here to Download.
IFoS Notification Released. Click Here to Download.
CSE Application is available now to fill online. Click Here to Apply now.
What does IAS stand for and what is IAS Exam?
IAS stands for Indian Administrative Service and IAS Exam is nothing but UPSC CSE.
Is this enough for you to know about this post and IAS Exam?
No, you need a deeper study, so here we enter the world of IAS and IAS Exam from where we will study about this more and transform this in passion.
Well, the Govt. of India has authorized the UPSC to conduct Civil Services Examination (CSE) for selecting the aspirants the 24 major posts in India, three most important and prestigious all India service posts are IAS, IPS, and IFS. Focusing on IAS and IAS Exam, Exposure in this very field is in diverse roles like the collector, commissioner, head of public sector units, chief secretary, cabinet secretary etc. It is not just because of its adventurous nature, but also the opportunity of making positive changes in the life of millions in India makes IAS a unique career choice to opt.
Focusing on IAS and IAS Exam, Exposure in this very field is in diverse roles like the collector, commissioner, head of public sector units, chief secretary, cabinet secretary etc. It is not just because of its adventurous nature, but also the opportunity of making positive changes in the life of millions in India makes IAS a unique career choice to opt.
Talking about government service, the IAS (Indian Administrative Services) which is known for the category ‘A’ government service is a very special and esteem government post.
The Indian Administrative Services is a treasured service for a country because it works internally for the perfect functioning of law and order without any encumbrances. However getting into IAS is not a child’s play, moreover, you have to earn an IAS. The IAS Exam is a pen-paper based competitive exam i.e. CSE (Civil Service Examination) held every year.
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) controls offers a standard aptitude test for this exam or an IAS Exam and other civil services like IFS, IPS, Group A and Group B central services. Although there is no need to mention that, it is one of the toughest exams that perhaps requires more than one attempt to pass IAS Exam.
How can one be Eligible for IAS Exam?
sure The Aspirants applying for this IAS Exam should make sure that they fulfill all eligibility conditions for admission to the examination. Their access to all the stages of the examination will be purely provisional subject to satisfying the prescribed eligibility requirements.
Aspirants cannot be sure about their candidature with the Mere issue of admission certificate. Commission even holds the verification of eligibility conditions with reference to their original documents after the candidate has qualified for Interview/ Personality Test and hence there is no space for frauds in IAS Exam.
Some more important things to remember about IAS Exam are:
- Civil Services Examination and most popularly termed ( IAS Exam) is one of the most trending competitive exam organized by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) of India. The UPSC exam is held every year for granting various Civil Service Officers including Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS), and Indian Revenue Service (IRS).
- The exam is organized every year in two stages, i.e. Civil Services Preliminary and Mains Exams.
- The Preliminary exam consists of multiple choice question type of paper which is going to check a candidate’s General Studies and Aptitude.
- Civil Services Mains examination is a personal paper that tests a candidate on basically nine essays and an interview.
- The whole process for UPSC / IAS exam from the news of the Preliminary examination test dates to the announcement of the UPSC results takes almost a year.
- Civil Services Exam is organized in three major levels also called the Phases of IAS or IAS Exam.
Phase I: Civil Services examination – Preliminary is organized every year in the month of August, whose results are normally declared in mid-October.
Phase II: Civil Services Mains examination is organized every year in the month of December for those who has passed the Civil Services Preliminary exam. The result for the Civil Services Mains examination is generally declared in the month of March.
Phase III: Civil Services Personality Test (Interview) is the last stage normally organized in the month of May every year. Notifications for the forms are normally notified by April.
After the final results are announced, selected aspirants are sent for further training programs.
Being one of the most important posts for the country, the UPSC board keeps an eye on the needs for the candidature for the post and accordingly make changes in the selection process and here is the new eligibility criteria that the board has introduced for the reason we were discussing above:
- The government has changed the upper age limit and the number of attempts of applicants for an aspirant of the UPSC Civil Service Examination with from 2016.
- According to information published on the website of the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances, the upper age limit will be 37 years for SC/ST aspirants with a fortunate choice of infinite attempts; 35 years for OBC with 9 attempts; and 32 years for the general category aspirants with 6 attempts.
- For physically handicapped aspirants, the age limit tends to 42, 45 and 47 years for General, OBC, and SC/ST category respectively while the number of chances to pass is 9 for General and OBC and infinite for SC/SC category.
Table of IAS Exam Age Limit
|Category||Maximum Age Limit||Number of Attempts|
|General Category||32 Years||6|
|OBC Category||35 Years||9|
|SC/ST Category||37 Years||Till you complete your age Limit|
|Physically disabled(Orthopedic |Deaf-mute|Blind)||42 Years||General -9| OBC-9| SC/ST – Complete age Limit|
|Jammu and Kashmir domicile||General- 37| OBC- 42|SC/ST- 42| PH- 50-|
|Ex-serviceman with five years duty*||General- 37| OBC- 42|SC/ST- 42|
|Disabled Serviceman Discharged From Duty||General- 35| OBC- 38S| C/ST- 40|
Eligibility in terms of academics for IAS Exam
- There is a should for the candidates to hold a degree of any of Universities incorporated by the Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions introduced by the Act of Parliament or announced to be known as a University Under Section–3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, like DU, MGSU ,MU etc or tends to an equivalent qualification.
- Aspirants who are going to appear for the passing examination and are waiting for results for the same can also make an attempt for the Preliminary Examination. All such candidates who will pass to sit in the Civil Services Main Examination should save the documents of proof of having cleared the mentioned examination along with their application for the Main Examination.
- The UPSC has also the power to treat a candidate without the asked requisite qualification as an eligible candidate if he has passed an examination organized by other institutions, whose standard can justify his admission in the terms of the Commission as an exceptional condition.
- A candidate who has passed the last year of MBBS or any other medical examination but has not completed his/her internship can also sit in the Mains Examination. However, they should give a certificate from the related authority of the University / Institution that they have passed the final professional medical examination along with their candidature application. In the Interview stage, they should then have the certificate from a known authority that they have completed (including internship) all the prerequisites for the achievement of the concerned Medical Degree.
>IAS Syllabus for Preliminary Examination Paper I – (200 marks)
- Current affairs and current events of international and national importance.
- General science
- General issues on Climate Change, Environmental Ecology and Biodiversity (It don’t require subject specialization )
- Indian National Movement and History of India.
- World and Indian Geography- It contains Rights Issues, Physical Geography of India and the world, Economic Geography of India and the world, Social Geography of India and the world.
- Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Public Policy, Political System, Panchayati Raj, etc.
- Social Development and Economic – It contains Social Sector initiatives, Sustainable Development, Inclusion, Demographics, and Poverty etc.
>IAS Syllabus for Preliminary Examination Paper II – (200 marks).Duration two hours.
- Problem-solving and Decision-making
- General mental ability
- Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. –Class X level), Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level). To download free NCERT Books from Class 5 to Class 12th .
- Analytical ability and Logical reasoning.
- Interpersonal skills including communication skills
IAS Syllabus for Main Examinations
Your rank in UPSC CSE will only depend on Main Examinations and your Interview (Personality Test). Your UPSC CSE Main consists of 1750 marks and Interview (Personality Test) section consists of 275 marks.
Your UPSC syllabus for the main examination contains nine papers, but only seven papers are considered for final ranking. In the remaining two papers, you have to secure minimum marks which are declared by UPSC every year and
The main Exam of UPSC Civil Services is the totally written examination and it consists of following papers which are mentioned below.
- Two papers which only qualifying papers and not counted for your final ranking.
(You have to select any one Indian Language from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Indian Constitution). Total Marks 300.
English language. Total Marks 300.
IAS syllabus and papers which are counted for final merits.
|Paper||Subject and Content||Marks|
|Paper-I||Essay ( It Can be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice)||250|
|Paper-II||General Studies-I (Culture and Indian Heritage|History and Geography of the World and Society)||250|
|Paper- III||General Studies –II (Constitution| Governance| Social Justice| Polity| and International relations)||250|
|Paper-IV||General Studies –III (Economic Development| Technology| Environment| Biodiversity| Disaster Management and Security)||250|
|Paper-V||General Studies –IV (Aptitude| Integrity| and Ethics)||250|
|Paper-VI||Optional Subject – Paper 1||250|
|Paper-VII||Optional Subject – Paper 2||250|
IAS Syllabus for optional subjects PAPER-VI & PAPER VII
Optional Subject Papers I & II (Candidates may choose any optional subject from given list) Click on the name of the subject and have a view of contains in the particular subject.
|Sub Total (Written test)||1750 Marks|
|Personality Test||275 Marks|
What is the procedure to become an IAS officer after giving IAS Exam?
Exam undertaken commonly known as IAS exam is officially called the UPSC Civil Services Exam or CSE. The UPSC CSE consists of 3 levels – Preliminary, Mains, and the Interview. Cracking an IAS exam is not an easy task as mentioned before because of the competition involved, moreover, it is one the toughest competition exam to get through, but that does not imply, it is impossible for a candidate with right attitude and approach.
A short video which will explain to you how to become an IAS
Civil Services Examination (CSE) / IAS Exam
- UPSC is the agency authorized by the government to be held responsible for selecting the right candidates for this service. Every year only near 1000 aspirants are selected for all the major all-India 24 services combined. The number of candidates who applied for IAS Exam was almost 9 lakhs in 2017, out of which only half of them could appear on the exam day.
- IAS Exam is generally considered as the hardest exam in the world, including the exam duration (extends 1 year), depth of the syllabus and obviously the competition involved. The first stage of the exam – Preliminary (objective) – is normally organized in August, while the second stage, Mains (written), is organized near December. Those who clear Mains will have to face interview/personality test during April-May time. The final result normally comes in June.
Conditions for considering the application Ineligible for IAS Exam:
A candidate who is appointed to the Indian Administrative Service or the Indian Foreign Service on the results of a previous examination and is also a member of that service will be forbidden from being eligible to compete at this review.
In case if such a candidate is appointed to the IAS/IFS after the Preliminary Examination of Civil Services Examination, 2017 is over and he/she continues to be a member of that service, he/she shall be forbidden from being eligible to appear in the Civil Services (Main) Examination.
It should also be noted that if such a candidate is appointed to IAS/IFS after the Civil Services (Main) Examination is held, but before the result and continues to be a member of that service, he/she shall be banned to be a part of both the service/post on the basis of the result of this examination.
Some other Eligibility Conditions considered for IAS Exam:
For the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service, a candidate should be a citizen of India.
For other services, a candidate should be either
- a citizen of India,
- or a subject of Nepal,
- or a subject of Bhutan,
- or a Tibetan refugee who came to India before 1st January 1962 with the thought of permanently settling in India,
- or a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the thought of permanently settling in India.
Now if a candidate concerned to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be a person in whose concern a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India, but aspirants concerned to categories (b), (c) and (d) above will be forbidden from being eligible for post to the Indian Foreign Service.
Age Limit for IAS Exam:
A candidate should have gained the age of 21 years and should not have attained the age of 32 years on the 1st of August, Present Year 2018 i.e. he should have been born neither previous than 2nd August 1983 nor after than 1st August 1994.
The upper age limit mentioned above will be given relaxation in following conditions:
- Till a limit of 5 years if a candidate belongs to a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe.
- Till a limit of 3 years in the case of candidates concerned to Other Backward Classes who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates.
- Till a limit of 5 years if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from the 1st January 1980 to the 31st December 1989.
- Till a limit of 3 years in the condition of Defense Services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof.
- Till a limit of 5 years in the condition of ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service as on 1st August 2018. And have been released on completion of assignment (including those whose assignment is due to be completed within one year from 1st August 2018) otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency, or on account of physical disability attributable to Military Service.
- Till a limit of 3 years in the condition of ECOs/SSCOs who have completed the infant period of assignment of five years Military Service as on 1st August, 2018 and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose condition the Ministry of Defense issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and that they will be declared on 3 month notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of post.
- Till a limit of 10 years in the condition of blind, deaf-mute and orthopedically handicapped persons.
This, not enough till we have known. There are some more criteria’s under which UPSC allows aspirants to be a part of IAS Exam for IAS under certain conditions as follow:
- Candidates concerned to the SC, ST, and OBC who are also relaxed under any other clause of eligibility above, i.e. those coming under the category of Ex-servicemen, persons from State of J & K, blind, deaf-mute and orthopedically handicapped etc. will be eligible for grant of cumulative age-relaxation under both the categories.
- The term ex-servicemen are for those persons who are defined as ex-servicemen in the Ex-servicemen (Re-employment in Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979, as amended from time to time.
- The age concession under paragraph 3(ii) (b) (v) and (vi) will not be admissible to ExServicemen and Commissioned Officers including ECOs/SSCOs who are relaxed on own request.
- Against the rules decided in previous paragraph, a physically disabled aspirant will be considered to be eligible for post only after a physical examination by the Government or any other appointing authority, as the condition found to be, and is determined to fulfill all the requirements of physical and medical standards for the concerned posts to be granted to the physically disabled candidates by the Government.
OVERVIEW – EXAMINATION SCHEME / IAS Exam
The Indian Civil Services examination organized by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) every year. The exam schedule announced during January – February after which the selection made on three levels. Elimination processed at every stage for the final selection.
The competitive examination comprises of three successive levels:
Phase 1 – Preliminary Examination – Objective Type (Qualifier)
Step 2 – Main Examination – Written Test
Step 3 – Interview / Personality Test
The Preliminary exam is held in May-June and the results are announced in July-August. The Main examination conducted in October-November and the aspirants who clear at this stage are transported to the interview in March-April next. The final recruitment and posting of aspirants depend on their ranking and the available vacancies for different posts to be filled during that particular year.
The Preliminary Examination will consist of two papers of objective type (multiple choice questions) and carry a limit of 400 marks. Only those aspirants who are permitted by the Commission to have qualified in the Preliminary Examination in the year will be eligible for admission to the Main Examination of that year provided they are otherwise eligible for admission to the Main Examination.
The marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination by the aspirants who are declared qualified for admission to the Main Examination is not considered in the final recruitment process.
The number of candidates to be admitted to the Main Examination will be about twelve to thirteen times the total an approximate number of vacancies to be filled in the year for various Services and Posts.
The Main Examination will consist of 9 papers in total including long essay type questions. An aspirant who manages minimum passing marks in the Main Examination as decided by the Commission earlier will be invited by them for a Personality Test.
The number of aspirants invited for an interview will be two times the number of vacancies to be filled. it will carry 275 marks. Marks thus obtained by the candidates (in the Main Examination as well as interview) would decide their final ranking.
Candidates will be posted to various services according to their ranks in the examination and the preferences expressed by them while applying.
And hence aspirants are wished with luck and are said to have a good long-term strategy to crack this exam. Although the duration of the preparation is not the thing that is going to matter here the quality of the same is what is important. A sincere and well-concentrated mind with a passion for learning new things, a strong willpower to follow own dream and reading as an addiction is the main formula for all successful aspirants. The IAS exam is moreover a place to check one’s analytic and presentation skills along with knowledge gathered by them as a candidate rather than a test to check one’s mathematical or verbal skills.
A sincere and well-concentrated mind with a passion for learning new things, a strong willpower to follow own dream and reading as an addiction is the main formula for all successful aspirants.
The IAS exam is moreover a place to check one’s analytic and presentation skills along with knowledge gathered by them as a candidate rather than a test to check one’s mathematical or verbal skills.
We wish for you to achieve your goal and hope you find our initiative to educate you about this exam turns to be a useful one.
The work and responsibility of the IAS (Indian Administrative Service)
This is the entire article which will give you maximum information about IAS and its duties. The system of posting and allocation of states is also mentioned here in this post for Candidates.
“The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is the administrative unit of the
The executive branch of the Government of the Republic of India. The IAS officers
handle the affairs of the Government.
At the Central level, this involves the
framing and implementation of the Government policies.
Every candidate appearing at the examination who is otherwise eligible,
shall be permitted six attempts at the exam.”
The Role in Nation Building of an IAS
When a discourse on the Indian administrative mechanism is carried out, everybody feels compelled to call the Indian Civil Services the backbone of the set-up which plays the main role in keeping together a vast country like India.
It is the important role that these sought- after services play in the day-to-day functioning which has made them the coveted choice of the millions who want to enjoy limitless prestige and power.
Though corporate jobs offer the prospect of fast growth with regard to perks, they have not been able to dim the attraction of the Civil Services as they guarantee a lifetime of unbridled power so far as policy-making is concerned.
Every year, thousands of successful engineers, doctors, law graduates, MBAs, along with general students vie for a few hundred posts and try to get through the three-phase exam called Civil Services Examination that is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission.
Here is the Info graphic presentation of IAS Exam
The Role & responsibility with Functioning
The Responsibility The IAS officers are responsible for the management of the various administrative departments and their respective functions. This includes framing of policies and acting as advisors to the ministers as well as executing appointed duties as the officers in charge of the administration of smaller administrative units.
The District Magistrate, for instance, is in charge of a district and has to look after the law and order situation as well as the administration and the over all development of the area.
Historyf Indian Civil service
After Independence, when our great leaders thought of making India a democracy, a number of people thought that it was not possible for a country of India’s size with many social complexities to succeed in its attempt. They watched with awe in the years that followed, because it stuck to its democratic values despite a number of contradictions.
It kept on doing away with all the problems one by one and marched towards a secure future. Since Independence, it has made giant strides in many fields and emerged as a force to be reckoned with.
It has shown the world that it believes in the philosophy of unity amidst diversity and has been eager to share all the responsibilities with other nations of the world, which aim at the common good of the people across the globe.
Various governments at both the Central and State levels have come and gone, but it has never compromised its belief in democratic values and age-old ideal of peaceful coexistence, for petty gains. As it has a democratically elected Government, the public representatives are assigned the task of running the system both at the Central and State levels, but those elected officials are only the proxy rulers.
Actually, for all their policy-making decisions, they are dependent on the shrewd, skilful and knowledgeable individuals called bureaucrats.
The officers who are recruited through the
Civil Services Examination for the Indian
Administrative Service are posted as Additional
District Magistrates at the entry level after
They are considered equivalent to
Under Secretary in the Government of India.
The British Dictation in Indian Civil services
They dictate their terms with ready consent of their superiors (political bosses) to the docile masses and carry out every task according to their own will. They do not care for any opposition, as they are seldom criticised or penalised for any wrong policy on their part. They decide the fate of the nation as the implementation of all developmental and other government policy rest with them. It is the facade of
It is the facade of political system behind which they work which is held responsible for all the wrong policies and their implementation. In other words, it is the political leaders at the helm of every department who face the wrath of the masses. The bureaucrats escape almost
The bureaucrats escape almost unscathed, because they collectively form the intangible and impenetrable citadel called bureaucracy. In fact, Article 311 of the Constitution, which was designed to infuse bureaucrats with the courage to criticise their superiors, has created a climate of excessive security without fear of penalty for incompetence or wrongdoing as well.
And the recent Supreme Court verdict is going to give more teeth to the civil services, in which the apex court has directed the Centre and the States to set up a Civil Services Board for the management of transfers, postings, inquiries, process of promotion, reward, punishment and disciplinary matters and fix the tenure of the bureaucrats. The aim is to insulate the bureaucracy from political interference and put an end to the frequent transfers of civil servants by political bosses.
The aim is to insulate the bureaucracy from political interference and put an end to the frequent transfers of civil servants by political bosses.
The Great Rebellion of 1857 catalysed the institution of Indian Civil Services, which came into being after the passage of Government of India Act, 1858. The colonial masters treated Indians as a ‘barbaric’ class, incapable of running their own country.
Worst Treatment to ICS by British Government
They were meted out the worst treatment in their own land by the British who were least concerned with public welfare and always thought in terms of their own profit. The Indian people, who toiled like bonded labour, did accept their subjugation, no doubt, but at times, they felt like revolting against the oppression and atrocities they were subjected to.
But the bureaucracy created by the British, the imperialist tradition of the colonial government, worked as a shield and every attempt of rebelling against the exploitative rule was suppressed.
Thus, India has naturally received an administrative legacy bequeathed by the foreign rulers. In his renowned book, “Discovery of India”, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, has rightly written that “the Indian Civil Service (ICS) was neither. Indian, nor civil, nor a service.”
It is more than sixty-five years since the Indian independence, but even today, it is persistently argued that Indian bureaucrats, retaining the negative aspects of the imperial legacy are maladjusted, lack dedication and tend to be authoritarian.
If we talk of the positive aspects of the British rule, we cannot deny that it was the British rule which gave us a unified India, a sound system of governance and an urge to look forward to the developments taking place globally.
Lord Cornwallis, disgusted by the prevalent corruption in the company’s administrative machinery, instituted the Civil Services to effectively administer the British-held territory in India. He introduced strict regulations for the officials, raised their salary and linked promotion to seniority; however, its higher level was restricted to the British employees only.
The role of Indian Civil Servants after Independence
Those who have got into the highly esoteric Civil Services are supposed to carry forward the message of national integration with sincerity and devotion.
But they have never tried to identify themselves with the masses and believe that they belong to a higher group of individuals who are there only to implement the policy decided by the government and do not owe any direct responsibility for their actions.
They knowingly or unknowingly overlook the interest of the masses and are more interested in carrying out their assigned tasks. Such exercises seldom or never aim at establishing rapport with the public or malting any sincere attempt to raise the level of public participation in the general administrative process.
In other words, bureaucracy in India is very hierarchical and there is hardly any mutual trust between various Government units or even employees within a particular department.
|Training Ground||LaL Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration Mussoorie|
|Controlling Authority||Ministry of Personnel; Public Grievances and Pensions Department of Personnel and Training|
|Legal Personality||Governmental: Government service|
|General Nature||Policy Formulation; Policy Implementation; Civil Administration; Advisors to Ministers; Managing Bureaucracy (Centre and States)|
|General Nature||Policy Formulation; Policy Implementation; Civil Administration; Advisors to Ministers; Managing Bureaucracy (Centre and States)|
|Preceding Service||Indian Civil Service (1893— 1946)|
|Head of the Civil Services||Cabinet Secretary|
The service s thought so important by people that though the IAS officers are
posted under various State Governments
with other Central services officers, the respective State Governments have no power to take disciplinary action against them at
their own will.
Affairs that prevail in India today reflect the family atmosphere and departments are run in the same way as homes in a society do. These family-like ties are reflected in the actions that are taken in various departments.
People are trained not to question the working of the system, but only to know their respective roles and follow instructions. The superiors expect their subordinate officers to show loyalty more to them than to the carrying out of the actual tasks that are meant for public welfare. This initiates a dangerous chain of command, which ends up serving their own needs instead of the nation.
The task of a civil servant is considered very significant in the country’s administration, ranging from upholding the law and order to the collection of revenue as well as a tool to implement the national and state policies of welfare and planned economic development. The service is thought so important by people that though the IAS.
Officers are posted under various State Governments with other central services officers, the respective State Governments have no power to take disciplinary action against them at their own will. The Governments have control over them, but they cannot censure any IAS officer without consulting the Union Government and the Union Public Service Commission.
Though this independence has often been severely criticized by several quarters of civil society, the status of the IAS officers has remained intact. Their privileged status has established the IAS as a brand and all the Central services officers, i.e. IPS, IRS, etc. are referred to as IAS officers.
For direct recruitment, the Union Public Service Commission conducts the Civil Services exam every year. However, recruitment into IAS is also done by appointment by selection through powers conferred by section 3 of the All India Services Act of 1951 (61 of 1951). And in pursuance of sub-rule (2) of rule 8 of the Indian Administrative Service (Recruitment) Rules of 1954 and super-session of the Indian Administrative Service (Appointment by Selection) Regulations of 1956.
After selection, candidates are allocated to cadres. There is one force for each State, except for three joint cadres: Assam— Meghalaya, Manipur-Tripura, and Arunachal Pradesh—Goa- Mizoram—Union Territories (AGMUT). The insider: outsider ratio in the services is 1:2, i.e. the ratio of officers who are posted in their home State.
The officers who are recruited through the Civil Services Examination for the Indian Administrative Service are posted
SERVICES/POSTS TO WHICH RECRUITMENT
Is To BE MADE THROUGH
THE EXAMINATION ARE
(1) Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
(2) Indian Foreign Service (IFS)
(3) Indian Police Service (IPS)
(4) Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’
(5) Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’
(6) Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise) Group ‘A’
(7) Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’
(8) Indian Revenue Service, Group ‘A’ (IRS)
(9) Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group ‘A’
(Assistant Works Manager, Non-technical)
(10) Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’
(11) Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group A’
(12) Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’
(13) Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group A’
(14) Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group A
(15) Post of Assistant Security Officer, Group A in Railway Protection Force
(16) Indian Defence Estates Service, Group A
(17) Indian Information Service. (Junior Grade), Group A
(18) Indian Trade Service, Group A’ (Grade-Ill)
(19) Indian Corporate Law Service, Group “A”
(20) Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade)
(21) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands,
Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadr’a & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group T3’
(22) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands,
Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group ‘B’
(23) Pondicherry Civil Service, Group ‘B’
(24) Pondicherry Police Service, Group ‘B’
as Additional District Magistrates at the entry level after training. They are considered equivalent to Under Secretary in the Government of India. Thereafter, they are promoted to the post of District Magistrates or Collectors or Deputy Commissioners which make them equivalent to the post of Deputy Secretary in the Government of India; Subsequently, they become Special Secretaries of Heads of Departments at the
The task of a civil servant is considered
very significant in the country’s
administration, ranging from upholding
the law and order to the collection of
revenue as well as a tool to implement
the national and state policies of welfare
and planned economic development
Government Offices on a par with Director in the Government of India.
How they Become Secretaries
After that they become Principal Secretaries or Financial Commissioners in the respective State Governments. Their next promotion is as Chief Secretaries in the State Government departments which are an equivalent post to that of the Secretary in the Central Government.
Their next promotion, however, is to the post of Cabinet Secretary which has no equivalent post in the State Government. There is only one post of Cabinet Secretary to the Government of India who is ex- officio and Chairman of the Civil Services Board of the Republic of India; the Chief of the IAS and head of all civil services under the rules of business of the Government of India. Thus, the officers of the IAS play a major role in managing the bureaucracy of both the Union Government and the State Governments, with the officers holding strategic posts across the country.
Thus, the officers of the IAS play a major role in managing the bureaucracy of both the Union Government and the State Governments, with the officers holding strategic posts across the country.
Control of IAS by Political Emperors
The Indian bureaucracy has also been said to have a strong link with the political leadership. This link has often been held responsible for the strange administrative culture in India which many people perceive as lacking in morality, and having unethical conduct. The concept of a “committed bureaucracy” is being encouraged subtly.
A dangerous trend of the politician-business-media house nexus is spreading its tentacles in the bureaucratic network as well. People often complain that frequent promises to reform the bureaucracy have not yielded any result so far, because the civil services in India are a power centre in its own right. The IAS officers also have their own list of complains which seem genuine. They complain that they have to work with the system that victimises them through harassment and pressures from local politicians, frequent punitive transfers and threats to their families.
In order to put an end to this abuse of power, the previous Dr. Manmohan Singh Government has decided to limit the prerogatives of Chief Ministers with regard to all- India civil servants. The common perception is this that the IAS officers form a powerful lobby at the national level, and they have resisted and will resist any proposal that threatens their position. It is their power which, in fact, determines their prestige among the Indian masses to a great extent and more and more ambitious youth are desirous of getting a share of what the IAS officers have.
Though coaching institutes for the Civil Services Examination have been mushrooming over the years, they cannot cater to the underprivileged aspirants hailing from backward areas of the country on account of their exorbitant fees. In view of the existing situation, many State governments have started their own coaching institutes where experts offer their valuable guidance to the students from remote areas as well as financially weak students. A number of such institutes have to their credit the success of their pupils in cracking the three-stage prestigious Civil Services Examination.
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Though the avenues the CSE opens to the aspiring and enthusiastic youth are all of the above-mentioned, given its importance the Indian Administrative Service is the most preferred choice of successful candidates. So much so that all the Civil Services are referred to in common parlance as IAS. The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is the administrative unit of the Executive branch of the Government of the Republic of India. The IAS officers handle the affairs of the Government. At the Central level, this involves the framing and implementation of the Government policies. They represent the Government in other countries and international forums as well. They are even authorised to sign agreements on behalf of the Government. At the district level, however, the IAS is concerned with the affairs of the districts that include development functions. At the Divisional level, the IAS officers look after the law and order, general administration and development work.
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The system of allotement as a Cadre
After being selected for the Indian Administrative Service, the candidates are allocated to “cadres”. There is a single cadre in each Indian State, except three joint cadres : Assam-Meghalaya, Manipur-Tripura, and Arunachal Pradesh-Goa-Mizoram-Union Territories (AGMUT). While allocating cadres the insider- outsider ratio is maintained as 1:2.
The insiders are those candidates who are posted to their respective home States. Till eight years ago, i.e. the year 2008, there was no choice for any State cadre and the candidates, if not placed in the insider vacancy of their home States, were allotted to different States in alphabetical order of the roster, beginning with A, B, C, D, and so on.
For example, if in a particular year, the roster began from A, it meant that the first candidate in the roster would go to the Andhra Pradesh cadre, the next to the Bihar cadre, then to the Chhattisgarh, Gujarat and so on.
The next year, the roster started from H, for either Haryana or Himachal Pradesh (if it started from Haryana in the previous year when it all started from H, then the following year it would start from Himachal Pradesh).
This highly intricate system was not thought fair later on. On the one hand, it ensured that officers from different States were placed all over India, on the other, it also resulted in wide disparities in the form of professional exposure for officers, since the system ensured that the officers were permanently placed to one State cadre.
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UPSC IAS Preparation: What to do? Part 1 – If you are in College (Tips for Beginners)