BSF 2018 |Eligibility Criteria|Syllabus|Pattern|Preparation


Border Security Force (BSF)

Border Security Force (BSF) hires employees in Head Constable (Radio Operator) and Assistant Sub Inspector (Radio Mechanic). Various posts under BSF are

  • /Pikrt (DlG)
  • Comlnandant (Pilot)
  • Second In Command (Pilot)
  • Deputy Commandant(Pilot)
  • Deputy Chief Engineer (Commandant)
  • Senior Aircraft Maintenance Engineer/ Senior Aircrall Radio Maintenance Engineer (Second in Command)
  • Junior Aircraft Maintenance Engineer/ Junior Aircraft Radio Maintenance Engineer (Deputy Commandant)
  • Equipment Officer/Senior Stores Provisioning Officer Second-in-Command)
  • Logistics Officer (Deputy Commandant)
  • Assistant Commandant (Logistics)

Eligibility Criteria for BSF


  • Candidates must be a citizen of India

Age Limit

  • For HC (RO) posts, candidates’ age must not below 18 years or over 23 years and ASI (RM) posts, not below 18 years or over 25 years.

Age Relaxation

Category | Relaxation (in years)

SC/ST | 5

OBC | 3

Domiciled in J & K | 5

Victims of 1984 riots | 5

Government Servants | 5

Educational Qualification for BSF
  • For Head Constable (Radio Operator): Matric with Diploma in Radio and TV Technology or Electronics or Telecommunication or Computer or Electrical or Mechanical Engineering or Domestic Appliances from any Institution recognized by the State Government or Central Government.
  • 10+2 or Intermediate or equivalent with aggregate marks of fifty percent with selective subject being   Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics from a recognized Board or Institution.
  • For Assistant Sub Inspector (Radio Mechanic) posts: Matriculation or equivalent plus two years ITI certificate in Radio and TV or Electronics or Intermediate or 10 + 2 or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics from a recognized Board or Institution.
Physical Standards
  • Candidates’ height must be 170 cms, chest must be 80 cms (85 cms after expansion) and weight must be corresponding to height.

Medical Standards

  • Candidates’ minimum distant vision should be 6/6 and 6/9 of the both eyes without correction. They must also pass high-grade color vision test. Must not have knock-knees, flat feet or squint in eyes and any defect/deformity likely to interfere with the efficient performance of the duties.
  • Candidates should be in good mental and bodily health and free from any physical defect likely to interfere with efficient performance of the duties.
Exam Pattern of BSF
  • It is an objective based written test consisting of multiple choice questions.
  • The Question paper will be consisting of 100 Questions for 100 Marks.


  • General Awareness
  • General Knowledge
  • Mathematics
  • Aptitude

Each paper mention above is of 100 marks with 2 hrs. As duration

Syllabus for BSF

General Knowledge

  • Developmental Plans.
  • Social Reform Movements.
  • Education and Culture.
  • Political and Administrative Setup.
  • Economic Development.
  • Awards
  • Sports
General Awareness
  • Various aspects of Rural and Urban Development.
  • Natural Resources, Planning, Sustainable and Inclusive Development.
  • Indian History (ancient, medieval, modern).
  • Indian Geography, Economy, and Agriculture.
  • Sports and Entertainment.
  • Development and Environmental Problems.
  • Human Resource Development Index of India.
  • Basic Knowledge of Indian Constitution.
  • Indian National Movement.
  • Human Rights.
  • Biotechnology and Health Issues.
  • General Science.
  • Natural Calamities and Disaster Management.
  • Current events of National and International importance.
  • Development of Science and Technology In India
  • Algebraic expressions.
  • Square & Square Root.
  • Cube & Cube Root.
  • Ratio and Proportion.
  • Lines and Angles.
  • Plane figures.
  • Area of Plane figures.
  • Surface Area and Volume.
  • Nature of Mathematics/Logical thinking.
  • Place of Mathematics in Curriculum.
  • The language of Mathematics.
  • Community Mathematics.


  • Decimals
  • Fractions Numbers.
  • Ratios and Proportions.
  • Whole Numbers.
  • Ratio and Time.
  • Profit and Loss.
  • Use of Tables & Graphs.
  • Time and Distance.
  • Number Systems.
  • Time and Work.
  • Ratio and Time.
  • Fundamental Arithmetical Operations
  • Comprehension of a given passage in English.
  • Use of Articles in English.
  • Common errors in English.
  • Conversion of one part of speech into another, e.g., Noun to Adjective, and the like.
  • Use of Prepositions.
  • One Word substitution.
  • Hindi translation of a given underlined English Sentence.
  • One more question will be also based on the comprehensive passage.
  • Clocks & Calendars.
  • Non-Verbal Series.
  • Number Ranking.
  • Alphabet Series.
  • Arithmetical Reasoning.
  • Number Series.
  • Mirror Images.
  • Blood Relations.
  • Coding-Decoding.
  • Decision Making.
  • Cubes and Dice.
  • Embedded Figures
Hindi Syllabus
  • English translation of a given underlined Hindi Sentence.
  • One Word substitution.
  • Use of Articles in Hindi.
  • Common errors in Hindi.
  • Conversion of one part of speech into another, e.g., Noun to Adjective, and the like.
  • Comprehension of a given passage in Hindi.
  • Use of Prepositions.

Physical world.

  • Kinetic theory.
  • Motion in a straight line.
  • Motion in a plane.
  • Laws of motion.
  • Work, energy, and Power.
  • Units and measurements.
  • Mechanical properties of solids.
  • Mechanical properties of fluids.
  • Thermal properties of matter.
  • Systems of particles and rotational motion.
  • Ray optics and optical instruments.
  • Current electricity.
  • Electric charges and fields.
  • Wave optics.
  • Communication systems.
  • Electromagnetic waves.
  • Moving charges and magnetism.
  • Magnetism and Matter.
  • Alternating current.
  • Electromagnetic induction.
  • Dual nature of radiation and matter.
  • Semiconductor electronics.
  • Electrostatic potential and capacitance.
Chemistry Syllabus
  • Atomic structure.
  • Chemical bonding and molecular structure.
  • Classification of elements and periodicity in properties.
  • Hydrogen and its Compounds.
  • Chemical equilibrium and acids-bases.
  • The s – block elements.
  • Environmental chemistry.
  • P- Block elements group 13 (boron family).
  • P-block elements – group 14 (carbon family).
  • Electrochemistry and chemical kinetics.
  • States of matter: gasses and liquids.
  • Organic chemistry-some basic principles and techniques and hydrocarbons.
  • Solid state.
  • General principles of metallurgy.
  • Surface chemistry.
  • Biomolecules
  • P-block elements.
  • D and f block elements & coordination compounds.
  • Polymers
  • Haloalkanes and haloarenes.
  • Chemistry in everyday life.
  • Organic compounds containing nitrogen.
  • Organic compounds containing c, h, and o.
Border Security Force Mathematics Syllabus
  • Number Systems.
  • Decimals and Fractions.
  • Averages
  • Percentages
  • Problems on Trains.
  • Profit and Loss.
  • Interests
  • Mensuration
  • Ratio and Proportion.
  • Discount
  • Ratio and Time.
  • Time and Distance.
  • Time and Work.
  • Computation of Whole Numbers.
  • Boats and Streams.
  • Use of Tables and Graphs.
  • Fundamental arithmetical operations.
  • Arithmetical Number Series.
Selection Process

Part – I

  • Written Examination

Part – II

  • Preliminary Screening
  • Physical Efficiency Test
  • Dictation Test
  • Verification of Original Documents
  • Personal Interview and
  • Final Medical Examination respectively

Written Examination Syllabus


  • Physical world and measurement Units of measurement, systems of units, SI units & fundamental and derived units.


  • Distance and displacement, velocity, acceleration, Motion in a straight line Uniform and non- uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, Scalar and vector quantities, position and displacement vectors, general vectors Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile, Uniform circular motion.
Laws of motion
  • Force and motion, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; inertia of a body, inertia and mass, momentum, elementary idea of conservation of momentum, action and reaction forces ,Laws of friction ,Centripetal and centrifugal force.
Work, energy and power
  • Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, power. Conservative forces: conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies)/ non-conservative forces: elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions. Elasticity – types. Motion of system of particles and rigid body Conversation and center of mass motion, Torque, angular momentum. Moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Statement of parallel and perpendicular axis theorems and their applications.
  • The universal law of gravitation, Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Gravitational potential energy, gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite, geo-stationary satellites. Properties of bulk matter Stress-strain relationship, young’s modulus, shear modulus of rigidity.
  • Pascal’s law and its applications ,Viscosity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications, Surface energy and surface tension, Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation.
  • Behavior of perfect gas and kinetic theory Kinetic theory of gases- assumptions, concept of pressure, kinetic energy and temperature, RMS speed of gas molecules. Oscillations and waves Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time.
  • Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equation; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period; Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion, Beats, Doppler Effect. Sound: Nature of sound and its propagation in various media, speed of sound, range of hearing in humans; ultrasound; reflection of sound; echo and SONAR
  • Electric charges; conservation of charge, coulomb’s law-force between two point charges Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in uniform electric field .
  • Electric flux, statement of gauss’s theorem potential. Potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor, dielectrics and electric Polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor.
Current Electricity
  • Flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity, carbon resistors, color code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance. Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, Meter Bridge.
  • Block diagram of computer & overview of its working,.
  • Interconnections of various peripherals with computers.
  • Input/output & secondary storages devices.
  • Classification of programming languages.
  • Classification of computers

Familiarization with Operating System

  • Introduction to computer operating system
  • Introduction to DOS structure, system files, batch files & configuration files.
  • Booting the system from floppy & hard disk.
  • Brief introduction to DOS internal & external commands.
  • Familiarization with windows structures, its use & application.
  • Amplitude Modulation
  • Frequency Modulation
  • Phase Modulation
  • Pulse Modulation

(a) Statement of sampling theorem and elementary idea of sampling frequency for pulse modulation

(b)Basic concepts of time division multiplexing (TDM) and frequency division multiplexing (FDM)

(c) Basic ideas about PAM, PPM, PWM and their typical applications

(d)Pulse code modulation (PCM) basic scheme of PCM  system. Quantization, quantization error, commanding, block diagram of TDM-PCM communication system and function of each block, Advantages of PCM systems. Concepts of differential PCM (DPCM).

Structure of atom

Discovery of electron, proton and neutron; atomic number, isotopes and isobars Thomson’s model and its limitations, Rutherford’s model and it limitations.Bohr’s model and it limitations, concept of shells and subshells, dual mature of matter and light, De Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle and Hand’s fuel electric configuration of atoms, stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

How to Prepare for BSF

  • Make your schedule of study give appropriate time to each and every topic.
  • Read newspaper, magazine, etc. To increase your awareness on current affairs just keep an eye on reading the various newspapers, watch television for breaking the news.
  • Keep yourself up to date. Just go solving on previous papers, make a habit of marking he key point.
  • Make your notes so that it will be easy while revising at last moments.
  • Take the help of online assessment it will be better to boost your confidence level.
  • Self-assessment is an important preparation. Plan your studies at least two months before exam.
  • Questions can be asked from every nook and corner of the subject and therefore it is not all advisable to omit any chapter or area.
  • Practice as many mock tests as possible in close to examination environment as possible. During preparation avoid a fatty food just and avoid anxiety before the exam.
  • Make a strict time table for you on daily basis. You are required daily 8-10 hrs. Study for mains as very less time has left.
  • During exams try to write the answer in points.
  • Underline the key points of your answer
Books for BSF
  • Quantitative Aptitude and Reasoning books by R.S Agarwal.
  • Objective General English by S.P Bakshi
  • NCERT Books
  • For Current Affairs refer Pratiyogita Darpan magazine
  • Phrasal Verbs Dictionary (English) 2nd Edition by Cambridge Dictionary
  • For All Competitive Exams Idioms & Phrases (English) 2nd Edition by Roshan Tolani
How to Prepare for BSF


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