History of India | Brief Paragraph Essay on the Indian History for Students and Children

by Sandeep | Posted on Monday, April 10th, 2017

History of India

India is the ancient civilization. It is a cradle of human race. It is the birthplace of human speech and mother of history. India has the economic, social and cultural configuration, which describes the long process of regional expansion.

“India has always had a strange way with her conquerors. In defeat, she beckons them in, then slowly seduces, assimilates and transforms them.”

Indus Valley Civilization

The first history started with the Indus Valley Civilization. By this civilization also Aryans came for make the history. These two phases have as the pre-Vedic and Vedic age. In India, the Hinduism starts due to the Vedic period. The literary source sheds are light on the India’s past is the Rig Veda. It ‘s hard to the date this work with any accuracy by tradition and ambiguous astronomical information contained in the hymns.

Economic history of India by Indus Valley

During the Indus valley civilization, the advanced financial system flourished. The Indus valley civilization practiced the agriculture; domesticated animals made tools and weapons from copper, even here some bronze and tin were traded by them.

Aryan tribes

The Aryan tribes have started their control to penetrate the east and flourish the rivers of Ganga and Yamuna. The whole northern India became very civilized land because the educated people had the ideal knowledge of the Iron implements and worked as labor with voluntarily and otherwise.

Due to the ancient political India, there was not much population and abundance of wealth, it was the great independent states with fluid boundaries, but in the modern time, it changed in many ways such as increasing population and abundance of wealth.

History of Ashoka

The Ashoka was the great warrior and Mughal Empire of the India; he made their stories in India and became the great person of Buddhism. In the fifth century, India was controlled by the Mughal Ashoka, and Ashoka has changed their religion and converted to the Buddhism. Buddhism spread in many parts of Asia.

During the Eighth century, the Islam religion came to India for the first time. After that, in an Eleventh century, the Political force has begun for control to the India. It resulted in the formation of the Delhi Sultanate, and the Mughal Empire finally succeeds it. India has many large communities of the political unity, which cannot measure.

British control in India

Before the Independence, the British and European came in India in the century of 17th. They came for establishing their victory, but they have coincided with the disintegration of Mughal Empire, paving the way for regional states. In the contest for supremacy, the English emerged ‘victors.’

The rebellion of 1857-58, the Victoria sought for restore the Indian sovereignty with the subsequent crowning. She was the empress of India. The incorporation of India into the Empire completed. We have got independence after the many struggles of Indian rebellion in the year of 1947.

Medieval Indian history

In the northern India, the Rajput came into prominence in the political matter after the death of Harsha. The Rajput was great Indian political horizon, even he was also known as the bravery and chivalry but family feuds and great notions and he was also the real favor person of their family. After all that, he has considered some conflicts, but he doesn’t become weak, and also hew was each other by constant wrangling.

History of Akbar 

Emperor Akbar was great Mughal emperor of the Mughal sultanate, and he was also known as the Jalaluddin Mohammad Akbar. He was the third Empire of the Mughal. After the Babur and Humayun, the Akbar was prominence in the Mughal. He was the son of Nasiruddin Humayun and succeeded him as the emperor in the year 1556 when he was only thirteen years old.

History of Shah Jahan

The Shah Jahan was the great ruler as Mughal emperor, and he was known as the Shahabuddin Mohammad Shah Jahan. From 1628 to 1658, he was the leader in the Indian Subcontinent. He was the fifth ruler of Mughal sultanate after the Babur, Humayun, Akbar and Jahangir. Shah Jahan was the son of Jahangir. He succeeded to the throne after revolting against to their father, Jahangir.

History of Chhatrapati Shivaji

Maharaja Chhatrapati Shivaji was the great person, and he was the founder of Maratha Empire in western India. He was one of the great warriors of the Maratha Empire, even in today time his stories of exploits narrated as a part of the folklore. King Shivaji used the guerilla tactics to capture of, the then, dominate Mughal Empire.

The modern history of India


  • The India has got freedom in the year of 1947 by the Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He helped to the Indians for remove to the British people.
  • We don’t have to forget that, which Britishers have learned to us in the ruling system of them in India. They have imprinted the system of bureaucracy, efficiency, social fabric and social milieu.
  • During the post-independent period of the society did not have the influence of the west. In this period, the political period where comes in the Indian subcontinent, and it almost became respected India.
  • There is the international level of leaders includes in the political system such the names are Jawaharlal Nehru, M.K. Gandhi, D.N. Nauroji, Abdul Kalam Azad, Sardar Patel, J.P Narayan and Morarji Desai. Indian social structure was nationalistic despite the partition, bloodshed and many communal riots.
  • Early the seventies, the western Indian culture were come up in the Indian society.
  • After the seventies, the Indian culture influenced the manifested themselves in the form of Discos, Drugs, and Violence and communal riots.
  • Early the Eighties, In Indian society the joint family concept has become the nuclear family concept.
  • Education was made predominantly vocational, and money was the chief motive for working and struggling in the urban areas.
  • Manny of the rural people migrated to the cities for a primary motivation of money because they were not having any source of money. So it is the main reason to migrate.
  • The green revolution and white revolution and gave power to the masses and the neo-rich class demanded more rights from the state. Technology expanded its wings and commercialism was on the rise.
  • During the nineties, the revolution was complete with the cable T.V, Satellite TV, Internet operation, E-mail and E-com in the Indian subcontinent. In Modern times, the Indian society moved towards the negative western influences easily.
  • In the Indian society, the powers of the West are at their peaks, and most of them have taken the Indian culture and civilization on the negative foot. Many of the families are dying a slow death.
  • In the Modern Indian society, the electronics, telecommunications, and software are the latest technologies is dominating in every household.


About the Author Sandeep

Hi Guys, I am Sandeep Co-founder of IASpaper and UPSCToday Staying in Mumbai (India) and pursuing graduation in Computer Science and Engineering from Mumbai University. I love helping Aspirants. You may join me on Facebook

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  1. Manisha says:

    What’s a amazing essay but describe it much better. I hope you can do it. For this I thank you very much ☺️🙁👌

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