Mahavir Jayanti 2021 Festival : Significance & History of Jain

Mahavir JayantiMahavir Jayanti is the main festival of the Jain community. This festival is celebrated every year by the people of Jain religion and also by other religions. It is celebrated on the birth of Saint Mahavir in a small town called Vaishali. He is the founder of Jainism as a religion, so his birthday is celebrated as Mahavir Jayanti every year.

History of Mahavir Jayanti:

This festival is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of the great sage, Mahavir who is also known as Vardhamana. Mahavir was the 24th and last Tirthankara of the Jainism who founded Jainism as well as established the core principles of Jainism.

The birth of Mahavir was on the 13th day of the Chaitra month in the Shukla Paksha during the 540 BCE, in the kundagrama, Vaishali district, Bihar. Because of this Mahavir Jayanti is celebrated every year with great joy and enthusiasm. It is ritually followed by the Jain people.

He was a great philosopher, Mahavir Swami said to hail from the Ikshvaku dynasty and was born to king Siddharth of kundagrama and queen trishala in the year 599 BCE.

Celebrations of Mahavir Jayanti:

Mahavir Jayanti is also celebrated in Jainism by the name Mahavir Janma Kalyanak to celebrate the birth of their last Tirthankara. This festival comes in the month of March and April. It is celebrated as a big festival in all the Jain Temples all over India. The temples of Mahavir is decorated with flowers, flags and etc. for the celebration of this festival.

On this day the Mahavir idol is given a ritual bath before the celebration and Pooja following a big and grand procession.

Jain people have a tradition of distributing clothes, food, money and other things to the poor people. They believe in helping the poor and needy people. The places where big celebrations take place on this day like Jain Shrines including girnar and palatine, Gujarat; Sri Mahavirji, Rajasthan; Parasnath temple, Kolkata and pawapuri, Bihar. The festival is locally celebrated by the people by giving a ceremonial bath to the idol of Mahavir. People go to the temple to meditate and offer prayers. Some great people give lectures in the temple to distribute the virtue of Jain doctrine.

About Mahavir

Mahavir, a 24th and last Tirthankara of Jainism was born in 540 BCE in a royal family in Bihar, India. During his birth, the whole family was happy and become full of prosperity that’s why he is also known as the Vardhamana which means void. he was born in the royal family, son of King Siddhartha and queen trishala. At the time of his birth, his mother got a dream about him that he will become an emperor or Tirthankara. When he was born, god Indra gave him a ritual bath with celestial milk and denoted him a Tirthankara.

When he was 30 years old, he left his home in search of spiritual awakening and deeply meditated for twelve and a half years through which he became successful in achieving the kevala jnana means enlightenment. He traveled the whole of India for 30 years to teach people the philosophy of Satya, asteya, ahimsa, brahmacharya, and aparigraha. He died at the age of 72, he attained nirvana and became one of the great Tirthankara of the Jainism for which he is considered as the founder of the Jainism.

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